Atlas of colonialism

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.

Colonization 1945.png

Atlas of colonialism

Maps of colonialism

Colonisation 1492.png Colonies in 1492
Colonisation 1550.png Colonies in 1550
Colonisation 1600.png Colonies in 1600
Colonisation 1660.png Colonies in 1660
Colonisation 1754.png Colonies in 1754
Colonisation 1822.png Colonies in 1822
Colonisation 1885.png Colonies in 1885
World 1898 empires colonies territory.png Colonies in 1898
World 1914 empires colonies territory.PNG Colonies in 1914
World 1920 empires colonies territory.png Colonies in 1920
World 1936 empires colonies territory.png Colonies in 1936
Colonization 1945.png Colonies in 1945
Formación de los países del mundo.png Dates of independence

Colonies by country


Belgian colonial empire.png Belgian empire XIX-XX centuries
Mapcongo1914.jpg Belgian Congo in 1914
Mapcongo1914-2.jpg Belgian Congo in 1914

United Kingdom

British Empire 1921.png The British Empire in 1921
British Empire Anachronous 4.PNG British territories since the 16th century
Canada provinces evolution.gif Evolution of Canada
Boundary lines of British Guiana 1896.jpg British Guiana in 1896
Australian states history.gif British colonization in Australia
SouthAfrica1885.jpg British possessions in the south of Africa, end of the 19th century
SouthAfrica1885.svg British possessions in the south of Africa, 1885
Gold Coast Map 1896.jpg the Gold coast in 1896 (Ghana)
EthiopiaRAND1908.jpg British territories in Eastern Africa 1908
Map Iran 1900-en.png British influence in Iran begining of the 20th century
European settlements in India 1501-1739.png British settlements in India 17-18th centuries
British India.png British India in 1860
Partition of India.PNG Partition of British India in 1947
PalestineAndTransjordan.png British mandate of Palestine 1920-1947


131Etendue de l'Empire Français.png First and second french colonial empires. (Light blue Ist empire, dark blue IId empire)
Samuel de Champlain Carte geographique de la Nouvelle France.jpg The "Nouvelle France" in the 17 and 18 th centuries
Claude Bernou Carte de lAmerique septentrionale.jpg Northern America in the 18th century
European settlements in India 1501-1739.png French settlements in India 17-18th centuries
French India 1741-1754.png French India 1741-1754
French west africa countries.PNG French Western Africa
French Equatorial Africa.PNG French Equatorial Africa
Siamese territorial concessions (1867-1909).gif Part of the French Indochina (Cambodia and Laos)
EthiopiaRAND1908.jpg French Somaliland in 1908
Togo FalkOberdorf.jpg Partition of Togo after World War One
Marrocoprotectorate.png Morocco in 1912, divided between France and Spain


Deutsche Kolonien.PNG German colonial empire before 1918
Karte von Camerun.jpg German Cameroon before World War One
Deutsch-Sudwestafrika.png German South West Africa in 1904, actually Namibia
Togo FalkOberdorf.jpg Partition of Togo after World War One
Togo1885.jpg Togo in 1885
Togo Deutsches Koloniallexikon, Verlag von Quelle & Meyer Leipzig.jpg Togo in 1915
Karte Deutsch-Ostafrika.PNG German Eastern Africa before 1918


Italian empire 1940.PNG Italian empire 1940
EthiopiaRAND1908.jpg Italian Eritrea in 1908


Location Japanese Empire.png
Japanese Empire2.png Expansion of Japan 20th century

The Netherlands

Dutch Empire35.PNG The Netherlands colonies (in dark green lands controlled by the w:Dutch West India Company, light green by the w:Dutch East India Company)
European settlements in India 1501-1739.png Dutch settlements in India 17-18th centuries


Denmark-Norway and possessions.png Denmark–Norway and possessions in 1800


Portugal Império total.png Anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999)
Portugal-1500.png The Portuguese Empire in AD 1500 and the before discovered areas
Portuguese Empire map.jpg Portuguese colonial possessions in the XVI century
Portuguese empire 1800.png Portuguese territory in the XVIII century
Karte Portugiesisch-Spanischer Verträge.png Territorial demarcations between the Portuguese and Spanish empire, resulting from the treaties of Tordesilhas, Saragoça and Alcáçovas (in German)
Iberian Union empires.svg the Spanish and Portuguese Empires in the period of their personal union (1581-1640)
Philip II's realms in 1598.png Portuguese posessions during the spanish rule (1583-1640)(in blue)
Spanish Empire Anachronous en.svg Portuguese posessions during the spanish rule (1583-1640)(in blue)
PDW.png Dutch-Portuguese War 1588-1654
Portuguese Empire 20th century.png Portuguese Empire 20th century
Portugal 1916-1974.png Portuguese Empire 1916-1974
Portuguese Empire map.jpg Empire at João III reign
Portuguese Empire map.jpg Portuguese colonial possessions in the XVI century
Portugal XVIII.png Portuguese territory in the XVIII century
Philip II's realms in 1598.png Portuguese posessions during the Spanish rule (158-1640)(in blue)
European settlements in India 1501-1739.png Portuguese possessions in India 16-18 th centuries
Portugal 1916-1974.png Portuguese Empire 1916-1974
Portuguese colonial war map1.PNG Portuguese colonies in Africa by the time of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974)
The Portuguese Empire.png Anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999)
Africa 15.PNG Some of the Portuguese possessions in Africa (15th century)
Mapa Cor-de-Rosa.svg Portuguese claims in Africa prior to 1890
Mapa Cor-de-Rosa.png Portuguese claims in Africa prior to 1890
Ger claims Prof Delbruck 1917.jpg German claims in Africa (1917), including all Portuguese colonies
Localización de Ceuta.png Ceuta
LocationCapeVerde.svg Cabo Verde
Cv-map.png Cabo Verde
Senegal Casamance.png Casamansa
LocationGuineaBissau.svg Guiné Portuguesa
LocationSaoTomeAndPrincipe.png São Tomé e Príncipe
Tp-map.png São Tomé e Príncipe
Gulf of Guinea (English).jpg Annobón, São Tomé e Princípe, Bioko (Fernão Pó)
Annobón Bioko.PNG Annobón, Bioko (Fernão Pó)
Bioko.png Bioko (Fernão Pó)
LocationMozambique.svg Portuguese East Africa
LocationAngola.svg Portuguese West Africa
Cabinda pol77.jpg Cabinda
LocationSaintHelena.png Santa Helena
Socotra Archipelago.PNG Socotra
Spice Islands (Zanzibar highlighted).svg Zanzibar
Map of Zanzibar.svg Zanzibar
Portuguese colonial war map1.PNG Portuguese colonies in Africa by the time of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974)
Osttimor-Pos.png East Timor
LocationEastTimor.svg Timor Leste
Tt-map.png East Timor
Macau Location.png Macau
[[|border|251x400px]] Macau
Brazil in 1534.svg Brazilian administrative division as of 1534
Brazil in 1572.svg Brazilian administrative division as of 1572
Mapa Brasil 1709.jpg Brazilian administrative division as of 1709
Mapa Brasil 1789.jpg Brazilian administrative division as of 1789
Brazil states1823.png Brazilian administrative division as of the Independence (1820)
Early Tordesillas lines.jpg Early demarcation lines (1495-1545) for the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
ORIENTALES.png Disputed areas with Spain 1811-1819
Stormogulernas rike 1600.jpg Portuguese possessions in India 1600


Expansión territorial de Rusia.svg Expansion of Russia 1300—1945
Russia Empire 1800-1900.PNG The Russian empire
Kievska rus 9th century.png Kievan rus in 9th century
Kievska rus 11th century.png Kievan rus in 11 th century
Karte polnischeteilungen4.jpg Russian annexions in Poland 18th century (all tones of grey)
Map Iran 1900-en.png The russian influence in Iran ,beginning of the 20th century
Finnish areas ceded in 1940.png Finnish territories ceded to Soviet Union in 1940
Finnish areas ceded in 1944.png Finnish territories ceded to Soviet Union in 1944


Spanish Empire Anachronous 0.PNG The Spanish colonial empire
Theviceroyaltyofperu.png The Vice-Royalty of Peru
History of South-America (animated map)
History of Central America and the Caribbean(animated map)
Morocco-spanish-protectorate-1955-a.svg Spanish Morocco in 1955

United States

GreaterAmericaMap.jpg Overseas territories of the United States in the end of the 19th century

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas   ■ Historical atlas   ■ Index of the Atlas   ■ Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
Quick reference   ■ Historical maps of the world   ■ Old maps
Physical and topographical   ■ Political   ■ Geological   ■ People   ■ Time and time zones   ■ Projections of the globe
Africa   ■ North and South America   ■ Antarctica   ■ Asia   ■ Europe

(History, European Union)   ■ Oceania   ■ Oceans

Administrative divisions   ■ International organizations   ■ Languages   ■ Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory   ■ Antiquity   ■ Middle Ages   ■ Rise of Islam   ■ Early Modern Age   ■ Early American Societies   ■ Early Asian Societies   ■ Age of Renaissance   ■ Colonialism   ■ Stielers Handatlas 1891   ■ 20th Century   ■ World War I   ■ World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan   ■ Albania   ■ Algeria   ■ Andorra   ■ Angola   ■ Antigua and Barbuda   ■ Argentina   ■ Armenia   ■ Australia   ■ Austria   ■ Azerbaijan   ■ Bahamas   ■ Bahrain   ■ Bangladesh   ■ Barbados   ■ Belarus   ■ Belgium   ■ Belize   ■ Benin   ■ Bhutan   ■ Bolivia   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina   ■ Botswana   ■ Brazil   ■ Brunei   ■ Bulgaria   ■ Burkina Faso   ■ Burundi   ■ Cambodia   ■ Cameroon   ■ Canada   ■ Cape Verde   ■ Central African Republic   ■ Chad   ■ Chile   ■ China   ■ Colombia   ■ Comoros   ■ Congo (Democratic Republic)   ■ Congo (Republic)   ■ Costa Rica   ■ Côte d’Ivoire   ■ Croatia   ■ Cuba   ■ Cyprus   ■ Czech Republic   ■ Denmark   ■ Djibouti   ■ Dominica   ■ Dominican Republic   ■ East Timor   ■ Ecuador   ■ Egypt   ■ El Salvador   ■ Equatorial Guinea   ■ Eritrea   ■ Estonia   ■ Eswatini   ■ Ethiopia   ■ Fiji   ■ Finland   ■ France   ■ Gabon   ■ Gambia   ■ Georgia   ■ Germany   ■ Ghana   ■ Greece   ■ Grenada   ■ Guatemala   ■ Guinea   ■ Guinea-Bissau   ■ Guyana   ■ Haiti   ■ Honduras   ■ Hungary   ■ Iceland   ■ India   ■ Indonesia   ■ Iran   ■ Iraq   ■ Ireland   ■ Israel   ■ Italy   ■ Jamaica   ■ Japan   ■ Jordan   ■ Kazakhstan   ■ Kenya   ■ Kiribati   ■ Korea (Democratic People’s Republic)   ■ Korea (Republic)   ■ Kuwait   ■ Kyrgyzstan   ■ Laos   ■ Latvia   ■ Lebanon   ■ Lesotho   ■ Liberia   ■ Libya   ■ Liechtenstein   ■ Lithuania   ■ Luxembourg   ■ Madagascar   ■ Malawi   ■ Malaysia   ■ Maldives   ■ Mali   ■ Malta   ■ Marshall Islands   ■ Mauritania   ■ Mauritius   ■ Mexico   ■ Micronesia (Federated States)   ■ Moldova   ■ Monaco   ■ Mongolia   ■ Montenegro   ■ Morocco   ■ Mozambique   ■ Myanmar   ■ Namibia   ■ Nauru   ■ Nepal   ■ Netherlands   ■ New Zealand   ■ Nicaragua   ■ Niger   ■ Nigeria   ■ North Macedonia   ■ Norway   ■ Oman   ■ Pakistan   ■ Palau   ■ Panama   ■ Papua New Guinea   ■ Paraguay   ■ Peru   ■ Philippines   ■ Poland   ■ Portugal   ■ Qatar   ■ Romania   ■ Russia   ■ Rwanda   ■ Saint Kitts and Nevis   ■ Saint Lucia   ■ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   ■ Samoa   ■ San Marino   ■ São Tomé and Príncipe   ■ Saudi Arabia   ■ Senegal   ■ Serbia   ■ Seychelles   ■ Sierra Leone   ■ Singapore   ■ Slovakia   ■ Slovenia   ■ Solomon Islands   ■ Somalia   ■ South Africa   ■ South Sudan   ■ Spain   ■ Sri Lanka   ■ Sudan   ■ Suriname   ■ Sweden   ■ Switzerland   ■ Syria   ■ Tajikistan   ■ Tanzania   ■ Thailand   ■ Togo   ■ Tonga   ■ Trinidad and Tobago   ■ Tunisia   ■ Turkey   ■ Turkmenistan   ■ Tuvalu   ■ Uganda   ■ Ukraine   ■ United Arab Emirates   ■ United Kingdom   ■ United States   ■ Uruguay   ■ Uzbekistan   ■ Vanuatu   ■ Vatican City   ■ Venezuela   ■ Vietnam   ■ Yemen   ■ Zambia   ■ Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia   ■ Artsakh   ■ Kosovo   ■ Northern Cyprus   ■ Palestine   ■ Somaliland   ■ South Ossetia   ■ Taiwan   ■ Tatarstan   ■ Transnistria   ■ Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia   ■ Åland   ■ American Samoa   ■ Anguilla   ■ Aruba   ■ Ascension Island   ■ Ashmore and Cartier Islands   ■ Baker Island   ■ Bermuda   ■ Bouvet Island   ■ British Indian Ocean Territory   ■ British Virgin Islands   ■ Cayman Islands   ■ Christmas Island   ■ Clipperton Island   ■ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   ■ Cook Islands   ■ Coral Sea Islands   ■ Curaçao   ■ Faroe Islands   ■ French Guiana   ■ French Polynesia   ■ French Southern and Antarctic Lands   ■ Gibraltar   ■ Greenland   ■ Guadeloupe   ■ Guam   ■ Guantanamo Bay   ■ Guernsey   ■ Heard Island and McDonald Islands   ■ Hong Kong   ■ Howland Island   ■ Isle of Man   ■ Jan Mayen   ■ Jarvis Island   ■ Jersey   ■ Johnston Atoll   ■ Kingman Reef   ■ Macau   ■ Martinique   ■ Mayotte   ■ Midway Atoll   ■ Montserrat   ■ Navassa Island   ■ New Caledonia   ■ Niue   ■ Norfolk Island   ■ Northern Mariana Islands   ■ Palmyra Atoll   ■ Pitcairn Islands   ■ Puerto Rico   ■ Réunion   ■ Saint Helena   ■ Saint Martin (France)   ■ Saint-Barthélemy   ■ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon   ■ Sint Maarten (Netherlands)   ■ Svalbard   ■ Tokelau   ■ Tristan da Cunha   ■ Turks and Caicos Islands   ■ United States Virgin Islands   ■ Wake Island   ■ Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank   ■ Crimea   ■ Falkland Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Kurdistan (Syrian)   ■ Kashmir   ■ Ladakh   ■ Paracel Islands   ■ Serranilla Bank   ■ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands   ■ Spratly Islands   ■

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh   ■ Adjara   ■ Adygea   ■ Altai   ■ Andalusia   ■ Aosta Valley   ■ Aragon   ■ Asturias   ■ Athos   ■ Azores   ■ Balearic Islands   ■ Bashkortostan   ■ Basque Autonomous Community   ■ Bonaire   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of)   ■ Bougainville   ■ Brussels   ■ Buryatia   ■ Canary Islands   ■ Catalonia   ■ Chechnya   ■ Chuvashia   ■ Corsica   ■ Dagestan   ■ Easter Island   ■ England   ■ Extremadura   ■ Flanders   ■ Friuli-Venezia Giulia   ■ Gagauzia   ■ Galicia   ■ Galápagos Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Gorno-Badakhshan   ■ Guangxi   ■ Ingushetia   ■ Islamabad Capital Territory   ■ Inner Mongolia   ■ Kabardino-Balkaria   ■ Kalmykia   ■ Karachay-Cherkessia   ■ Karakalpakstan   ■ Karelia   ■ Khakassia   ■ Komi   ■ Kurdistan (Iraqi)   ■ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa   ■ Madeira   ■ Mari El   ■ Muslim Mindanao   ■ Mordovia   ■ Nakhichevan   ■ Navarre   ■ Nevis   ■ Ningxia   ■ North Ossetia – Alania   ■ Northern Ireland   ■ Nunatsiavut   ■ Quebec   ■ Saba   ■ Sakha   ■ Sardinia   ■ Scotland   ■ Sicily   ■ Sindh   ■ Sint Eustatius   ■ Srpska   ■ Tibet   ■ Tłı̨chǫ   ■ Trentino-Alto Adige   ■ Tuva   ■ Udmurtia   ■ Vojvodina   ■ Wales   ■ Wallonia   ■ Xinjiang   ■ Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country   ■ Burzenland   ■ Catalan Countries   ■ Frisia   ■ Kurdistan   ■ Manchuria   ■ Sápmi   ■ Svenskfinland   ■ Székely Land   ■ Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary   ■ Byzantine Empire   ■ Caliphate   ■ Czechoslovakia   ■ Frankish Empire   ■ Kingdom of Hawaiʻi   ■ Inca Empire   ■ Iroquois Confederacy   ■ Macedonian Empire   ■ Ottoman Empire   ■ Prussia   ■ Roman Empire   ■ Soviet Union   ■ Republic of Texas   ■ Vermont Republic   ■ Republic of West Florida   ■ Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam