Atlas of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands

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French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Terres australes et antarctiques françaises

Français Terres australes et antarctiques françaises - Territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises

Le territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, constitue depuis 1955, un territoire d’outre-mer de la France, composé de trois districts insulaires du sud de l’océan Indien (les îles Kerguelen, les îles Crozet et les îles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam) et d’une portion du continent antarctique : la Terre Adélie.
L’application du traité de l’Antarctique, dont la France est signataire, place cependant la Terre Adélie dans une situation particulière. La souveraineté française, qui n’est pas reconnue par les autres nations, est exercée de manière limitée et conforme au Traité.
Une loi de 2007 a ajouté un cinquième district aux TAAF, celui tropical des Îles Éparses (l’île Tromelin, l’île Europa, l’atoll Bassas da India, les îles Glorieuses, l’île Juan de Nova) précédemment administrées séparément depuis la Réunion (bien que ces îles n’aient jamais fait partie de ce département d’outre-mer).

English French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands

The Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands consist of a group of volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa, approximately equidistant between ► Madagascar and ► Réunion, ► Antarctica and ► Australia (This part alone is defined as the French Southern Territories internationally) and the Adélie Land (French sovereignty exercises over this part of the Antarctica continent according to the Antarctic Treaty System).
The Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean under French sovereignty became in 2007 the fifth district of the territory and comprises four small coral islands and an atoll in the Indian Ocean. They have no permanent population. Three of the islands groups, Glorieuses, Juan de Nova and Europa, as well as the Bassas da India atoll lie in the Mozambique Channel west of Madagascar, while the fourth island, Tromelin, is about 220 miles east of Madagascar. In the same area lie ► Heard Island and McDonald Islands (which are not part of this French territory but are governed by Australia).

Short name French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Official name Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Status ► French overseas territory
Location Indian Ocean
Capital Saint-Pierre (administrative only)
Population 310 inhabitants
Area 439781 km²
Major language(s) French
Major religion(s)
More information French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Geography of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, History of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Politics of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
More images French Southern and Antarctic Lands - French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Category).

General maps

  1. The Scattered Islands (one district)
  2. Kerguelen Islands (one district)
  3. Crozet Islands (one district)
  4. Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands (one district)
  5. Adélie Land (one district, not shown here)

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day the French Southern and Antarctic Lands.

The islands that form nowadays the French Southern and Antarctic Lands are aqcuired by France between 1772 and 1843. France adds these islands and the claim on Antartica to Madagascar. France separates the French Southern and Antarctic Lands in 1955 from Madagascar.
Glorioso Island became a French possession in 1892, followed in 1897 by Bassas da India, Europa Island and Juan de Nova Island. In 1954 Tromelin Island came under French control. Since 2005 the islands have been administered on behalf of the French state by the senior administrator of the French Southern and Antarctic Territories. The islands had previously been under the administration of the prefect of Réunion since the independence of Madagascar in 1960. France maintains a military garrison of around 14 troops on each of the islands in the Mozambique Channel, which are claimed by Madagascar. The Glorieuses islands are also claimed by the Comoros, while Mauritius claims Tromelin island.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Map drawn during the Kerguelen expedition of James Cook in 1784

The Scattered Islands (one district)

This district is the most recently added one (in 2007) within the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. Location of the Scattered Islands:

  1. Bassas da India
  2. Europa Island
  3. Glorioso Islands
  4. Juan de Nova Island
  5. Tromelin Island

(KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte)

Map of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean
Scattered Islands

Satellite maps

Satellite map of Bassas da India
Satellite map of Europa Island
Satellite map of the Glorioso Islands
Juan de Nova, International Space Station image at low tide
Juan de Nova, Landsat image at high tide
Satellite map of Tromelin

Maps of Bassas da India (part of the Scattered Islands)

CIA WFB map of Bassas da India
CIA map of Bassas da India
Detailed map of Bassas da India

Maps of Europa Island (part of the Scattered Islands)

CIA WFB map of Europa Island
Map of Europa Island (made from the CIA map)
CIA map of Europa Island
Map of Europa Island
Map of Europa Island land cover (in French)
Map of Europa Island in French

Maps of Glorioso Islands (part of the Scattered Islands)

CIA WFB map of Glorioso Islands
CIA map of Glorioso Islands

Maps of Juan de Nova (part of the Scattered Islands)

Location of Juan de Nova Island
Detailed map of the land cover of Juan de Nova Island (in French)
CIA WFB map of Juan de Nova Island
CIA map of Juan de Nova Island

Maps of Tromelin (part of the Scattered Islands)

CIA WFB map of Tromelin
CIA map of Tromelin

Kerguelen Islands (one district)

Kerguelen Islands topographic map (district).
Position of the Kerguelen Islands.

Crozet Islands (three district)

Crozet Islands (district).
Île de la Possession (part of the Crozet Islands district).

Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands (one district)

Amsterdam Island (part of the Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Islands district).
Saint-Paul Island (part of the Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Islands district).

Adélie Land (one district)

Terre Adélie, the French claim on Antarctica.

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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