Atlas of the People's Republic of China

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.


中文 中国 - 中华人民共和国[1]

中华人民共和国 位於亚洲东部、太平洋西岸,陆上从东北至西南分别与亚洲的十餘个国家接壤,海上从东部至南部分别隔黄海、东海、南海与朝鲜半岛、日本列岛、东南亚相望,首都北京。中华人民共和国目前直接管辖中国的22个省、5个少数民族自治区及4个直辖市,并对2个特别行政区行使国防与外交主权;国土总面积约959.67万平方千米[2](实际管辖区域),仅次于俄罗斯、加拿大及美國而居世界第四;陆地总面积(不計河、湖)约932.64万平方千米,仅次于俄罗斯而列世界第二(注);人口超過13亿,是世界上人口最多的国家,佔全球人口的五分之一。

粵語[2] 中國 - 中華人民共和國[3]


English China - People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China is a country located mostly in East Asia, with a smaller proportion of its area located in Central Asia. It has borders with ► North Korea, ► Russia, ► Mongolia, ► Kazakhstan, ► Kyrgyzstan, ► Tajikistan with ► Gorno-Badakhshan, ► Afghanistan, ► Kashmir, disputed by China, ► Pakistan and ► India, ► Nepal, ► India, ► Bhutan, ► Myanmar, ► Laos and ► Vietnam, its own special administrative regions of ► Hong Kong and ► Macau. Furthermore it has maritime borders with ► South Korea, ► Japan, ► Taiwan (Republic of China (claimed by China) and the ► Philippines. It claims the ► Paracel Islands and the ► Spratly Islands, whch leads to additional borders with ► Indonesia, ► Malaysia and ► Brunei. With over one-fifth of the world's population, the PRC has the world's largest population. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.5 million km²), the PRC is the third or fourth largest country by area. China has five autonomous regions: ► Tibet, ► Xinjiang, ► Inner Mongolia, ► Ningxia and ► Guangxi.

Short name  China
Official name People's Republic of China
Status Independent country, statehood since 1766 BCE. People's Republic proclaimed in 1949. UN member since 1971, recognized by 171 UN members. Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location East Asia
Capital 北京[4] (Beijing)
Population 1,395,380,000 inhabitants
Area 9,596.960 square kilometres (3,705.407 sq mi)
Major languages Mandarin Chinese (official), variations of Chinese and minority languages. Main other language is Cantonese.
Major religions Chinese folk religion (worship of gods and ancestors, Confucianism and Taoism), Buddhism, non-religious population
More information China, Geography of the China, History of the China and Politics of the China
More images China - China (Category).

General maps

Geographic map of China
Geography of China
Map of China
Map of China
Topographic map
Sino-Indian border, eastern section
Sino-Indian border, western section
Notable universities in China
C9 League top universities
China 1st-Grade National Museums
Sacred Mountains of China
Highways of China
Yangtze River Delta city belt
Chine High Speed Railways
China grottoes
Major cities
National Parks
mainlines of railways
major museums

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.


History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day China, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day China.

Specific maps of the history of Taiwan are included in the Atlas of the Republic of China.
China dynasties
Huang Di (Ancient China and tribal unions)
Map showing the period of Yu the Great and Xia dynasty (2070 - 1600 BC)
Shang Dynasty (1600-1027 BC)
Situation during the Battle of Muye
Zhou Dynasty (1027-221 BC)
States of Zhou dynasty
Five Hegemons of Spring and Autumn Period
Spring and Autumn Period 722-481 BC)
Situation during the Battle of Changshao
Situation during the Battle of Chengpu
Situation during the Battle of Xiao
Situation during the Battle of Boju
Situation during the Battle of Bi
Journey of Confucius
Early Warring States Period
Warring States Period (5th century-221 BC)
Situation during the Battle of Guiling
Situation during the Battle of Maling
Situation during the Battle of Changping
Situation during the Battle of Handan
Situation of Qin's unification of China (230 - 221 BC)
Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE)
Qin Dynasty
Qin dynasty
Uprisings of Qin Dynasty
The Chu-Han contention
The rebellion of seven states
The expansion of Han dynasty in 2th century BC
Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
Han civilization 87 BCE
Xin dynasty(8 - 23)
Lulin and Chimei Uprisings of Xin Dynasty
Han Civilization 2 BCE
Han foreign relations
Western Han Dinasty
Han Dinasty 189
Yellow Turban Rebellion
Warlords of Han
Three Kingdoms 220-280
Battle of Yiling
Three Kingdoms(220 - 280)
Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign
Zhuge Liang 1st and 2nd Northern Expeditions
Zhuge Liang 3rd Northern Expedition
Zhuge Liang 4th and 5th Northern Expeditions
[[|border|251x400px]] Western Jin dynasty(265 - 317)
Western Jin Dynasty (265-316)
War of the Eight Princes
Uprising of Five Barbarians
Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420)
Sixteen Kingdoms in 317
Sixteen Kingdoms in 326
Sixteen Kingdoms in 338
Sixteen Kingdoms in 350
Sixteen Kingdoms in 376
Sixteen Kingdoms in 391
Sixteen Kingdoms in 398
Sixteen Kingdoms in 402
Sixteen Kingdoms in 406
Sixteen Kingdoms in 416
Sixteen Kingdoms in 423
Sixteen Kingdoms in 436
Battle of Fei River
Battle of Canhe Slope
Duan Qi and Ran Wei kingdoms
Helian Xia kingdom
Huan Wen expeditions
Liu Yu expeditions
Northern Wei and Liu Song
Northern Wei and Southern Qi
Eastern Wei, Western Wei and Liang
Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen
Liu Song dynasty
Northern Wei dynasty
Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen dynasties
Sui dynasty (581 - 618)
Territory of Sui
Uprisings of Sui
Establishment of Tang Dynasty
Battle of Hulao
China under the Tang Dynasty 608-907
China in 610, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
China in 742, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
Administrative divisions of Tang dynasty in 660-663
The 10 major Jiedushi of Tang dynasty during Emperor Xuanzong's reign
Battle of Yinshan Mountains between Tang and Tujue
The conquest of Tuyuhun by Tang
Battle of Dafeichuan between Tang and Tibetan Empire
The wars between Tang and Korean kingdoms
The war between Tang and Western Tujue
Battle of Talas
Tang Dynasty
Khitan Rebellion during Wu Zetian's reign
An Lushan Rebellion
Fanzhens of Tang dynasty during Emperor Xianzong's reign
Huang Chao Uprising
Balhae Kingdom
Kingdom of Khotan
Later Liang
Later Tang
Later Jin
Later Han
Later Zhou
Establishment of Song Dynasty
Liao (Khitan) Dynasty and Northern Song
Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
Northern Song
Uprisings of Song Jiang and Fang La in Song dynasty
Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and Western Xia
Western Xia kingdom
Dali Kingdom
Jurchen Jin Dynasty
The wars between Song and Jurchen Jin
Western Liao
Battle of Qatwan
Empire of Genghis Khan at his death in 1227
Mongol invasion
Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
Yuan dynasty (1271 - 1368)
Uprisings and warlords before the end of Yuan dynasty
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Ming dynasty
Great Wall and Nine Garrisons of Ming Dynasty
Tumu Fort Crisis
Ming-Turpan Conflict
Battle of Ningyuan
Battle of Shanhai Pass
Southern Ming
Three Feudatories rebellion
Qing Empire and nearby countries (1700)
Qing Dynasty (1820)
Qing Dynasty (1892)
Boxer Rebellion
Mutual Protection of Southeast
Viceroys of Qing Dynasty
Situation during Northern Expedition
Civil War (1928-1937)
Republic of China (1930)
China Soviet Zones
Central Plains War
The Long March of Red Army
Battle of Luding Bridge
Creation of Manchukuo as Japanse puppet state
Map of Manchukuo
Growth of the Japanese Empire
Japanese control after the Second Sino-Japanese War (1940)
Situation in 1940
Japanese plans in 1941
Situation in 1944
Situation in April 1944 Ichigo Plan
Situation in October 1944
Chinese Civil War in 1947
Chinese Civil War in 1948
Chinese Civil War in early 1949
Chinese Civil War in later 1949
Three Campaigns of Chinese Civil War
Pingjin Campaign
Movement of the Republic of China to Taiwan
Hainan Island Campaign

Maps of ancient Chinese capital cities

Luoyang in Han Dynasty
Xi'an in Tang Dynasty
Kaifeng in Song Dynasty
Dadu in Yuan Dynasty
Nanjing in Ming Dynasty
Beijing in Ming and Qing Dynasties
History of Xi'an
History of Beijing

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Map of China 1936
Map of Manchukuo

Maps of autonomous regions

see also Atlas of Hong Kong, Atlas of Macau and Atlas of Tibet
Location of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Tibet Autonomous Region
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Nationalities of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Administrative divisions

Agricultural regions

Satellite maps

Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Zhōngguó - Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó.
  2. Yue Chinese (Cantonese)
  3. Only romanization of the short name: Heūnggóng.
  4. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Běijīng.

Entries available in the atlas

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Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan   ■ Albania   ■ Algeria   ■ Andorra   ■ Angola   ■ Antigua and Barbuda   ■ Argentina   ■ Armenia   ■ Australia   ■ Austria   ■ Azerbaijan   ■ Bahamas   ■ Bahrain   ■ Bangladesh   ■ Barbados   ■ Belarus   ■ Belgium   ■ Belize   ■ Benin   ■ Bhutan   ■ Bolivia   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina   ■ Botswana   ■ Brazil   ■ Brunei   ■ Bulgaria   ■ Burkina Faso   ■ Burundi   ■ Cambodia   ■ Cameroon   ■ Canada   ■ Cape Verde   ■ Central African Republic   ■ Chad   ■ Chile   ■ China   ■ Colombia   ■ Comoros   ■ Congo (Democratic Republic)   ■ Congo (Republic)   ■ Costa Rica   ■ Côte d’Ivoire   ■ Croatia   ■ Cuba   ■ Cyprus   ■ Czech Republic   ■ Denmark   ■ Djibouti   ■ Dominica   ■ Dominican Republic   ■ East Timor   ■ Ecuador   ■ Egypt   ■ El Salvador   ■ Equatorial Guinea   ■ Eritrea   ■ Estonia   ■ Eswatini   ■ Ethiopia   ■ Fiji   ■ Finland   ■ France   ■ Gabon   ■ Gambia   ■ Georgia   ■ Germany   ■ Ghana   ■ Greece   ■ Grenada   ■ Guatemala   ■ Guinea   ■ Guinea-Bissau   ■ Guyana   ■ Haiti   ■ Honduras   ■ Hungary   ■ Iceland   ■ India   ■ Indonesia   ■ Iran   ■ Iraq   ■ Ireland   ■ Israel   ■ Italy   ■ Jamaica   ■ Japan   ■ Jordan   ■ Kazakhstan   ■ Kenya   ■ Kiribati   ■ Korea (Democratic People’s Republic)   ■ Korea (Republic)   ■ Kuwait   ■ Kyrgyzstan   ■ Laos   ■ Latvia   ■ Lebanon   ■ Lesotho   ■ Liberia   ■ Libya   ■ Liechtenstein   ■ Lithuania   ■ Luxembourg   ■ Madagascar   ■ Malawi   ■ Malaysia   ■ Maldives   ■ Mali   ■ Malta   ■ Marshall Islands   ■ Mauritania   ■ Mauritius   ■ Mexico   ■ Micronesia (Federated States)   ■ Moldova   ■ Monaco   ■ Mongolia   ■ Montenegro   ■ Morocco   ■ Mozambique   ■ Myanmar   ■ Namibia   ■ Nauru   ■ Nepal   ■ Netherlands   ■ New Zealand   ■ Nicaragua   ■ Niger   ■ Nigeria   ■ North Macedonia   ■ Norway   ■ Oman   ■ Pakistan   ■ Palau   ■ Panama   ■ Papua New Guinea   ■ Paraguay   ■ Peru   ■ Philippines   ■ Poland   ■ Portugal   ■ Qatar   ■ Romania   ■ Russia   ■ Rwanda   ■ Saint Kitts and Nevis   ■ Saint Lucia   ■ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   ■ Samoa   ■ San Marino   ■ São Tomé and Príncipe   ■ Saudi Arabia   ■ Senegal   ■ Serbia   ■ Seychelles   ■ Sierra Leone   ■ Singapore   ■ Slovakia   ■ Slovenia   ■ Solomon Islands   ■ Somalia   ■ South Africa   ■ South Sudan   ■ Spain   ■ Sri Lanka   ■ Sudan   ■ Suriname   ■ Sweden   ■ Switzerland   ■ Syria   ■ Tajikistan   ■ Tanzania   ■ Thailand   ■ Togo   ■ Tonga   ■ Trinidad and Tobago   ■ Tunisia   ■ Turkey   ■ Turkmenistan   ■ Tuvalu   ■ Uganda   ■ Ukraine   ■ United Arab Emirates   ■ United Kingdom   ■ United States   ■ Uruguay   ■ Uzbekistan   ■ Vanuatu   ■ Vatican City   ■ Venezuela   ■ Vietnam   ■ Yemen   ■ Zambia   ■ Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia   ■ Artsakh   ■ Kosovo   ■ Northern Cyprus   ■ Palestine   ■ Somaliland   ■ South Ossetia   ■ Taiwan   ■ Tatarstan   ■ Transnistria   ■ Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia   ■ Åland   ■ American Samoa   ■ Anguilla   ■ Aruba   ■ Ascension Island   ■ Ashmore and Cartier Islands   ■ Baker Island   ■ Bermuda   ■ Bouvet Island   ■ British Indian Ocean Territory   ■ British Virgin Islands   ■ Cayman Islands   ■ Christmas Island   ■ Clipperton Island   ■ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   ■ Cook Islands   ■ Coral Sea Islands   ■ Curaçao   ■ Faroe Islands   ■ French Guiana   ■ French Polynesia   ■ French Southern and Antarctic Lands   ■ Gibraltar   ■ Greenland   ■ Guadeloupe   ■ Guam   ■ Guantanamo Bay   ■ Guernsey   ■ Heard Island and McDonald Islands   ■ Hong Kong   ■ Howland Island   ■ Isle of Man   ■ Jan Mayen   ■ Jarvis Island   ■ Jersey   ■ Johnston Atoll   ■ Kingman Reef   ■ Macau   ■ Martinique   ■ Mayotte   ■ Midway Atoll   ■ Montserrat   ■ Navassa Island   ■ New Caledonia   ■ Niue   ■ Norfolk Island   ■ Northern Mariana Islands   ■ Palmyra Atoll   ■ Pitcairn Islands   ■ Puerto Rico   ■ Réunion   ■ Saint Helena   ■ Saint Martin (France)   ■ Saint-Barthélemy   ■ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon   ■ Sint Maarten (Netherlands)   ■ Svalbard   ■ Tokelau   ■ Tristan da Cunha   ■ Turks and Caicos Islands   ■ United States Virgin Islands   ■ Wake Island   ■ Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank   ■ Crimea   ■ Falkland Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Kurdistan (Syrian)   ■ Kashmir   ■ Ladakh   ■ Paracel Islands   ■ Serranilla Bank   ■ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands   ■ Spratly Islands   ■

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh   ■ Adjara   ■ Adygea   ■ Altai   ■ Andalusia   ■ Aosta Valley   ■ Aragon   ■ Asturias   ■ Athos   ■ Azores   ■ Balearic Islands   ■ Bashkortostan   ■ Basque Autonomous Community   ■ Bonaire   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of)   ■ Bougainville   ■ Brussels   ■ Buryatia   ■ Canary Islands   ■ Catalonia   ■ Chechnya   ■ Chuvashia   ■ Corsica   ■ Dagestan   ■ Easter Island   ■ England   ■ Extremadura   ■ Flanders   ■ Friuli-Venezia Giulia   ■ Gagauzia   ■ Galicia   ■ Galápagos Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Gorno-Badakhshan   ■ Guangxi   ■ Ingushetia   ■ Islamabad Capital Territory   ■ Inner Mongolia   ■ Kabardino-Balkaria   ■ Kalmykia   ■ Karachay-Cherkessia   ■ Karakalpakstan   ■ Karelia   ■ Khakassia   ■ Komi   ■ Kurdistan (Iraqi)   ■ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa   ■ Madeira   ■ Mari El   ■ Muslim Mindanao   ■ Mordovia   ■ Nakhichevan   ■ Navarre   ■ Nevis   ■ Ningxia   ■ North Ossetia – Alania   ■ Northern Ireland   ■ Nunatsiavut   ■ Quebec   ■ Saba   ■ Sakha   ■ Sardinia   ■ Scotland   ■ Sicily   ■ Sindh   ■ Sint Eustatius   ■ Srpska   ■ Tibet   ■ Tłı̨chǫ   ■ Trentino-Alto Adige   ■ Tuva   ■ Udmurtia   ■ Vojvodina   ■ Wales   ■ Wallonia   ■ Xinjiang   ■ Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country   ■ Burzenland   ■ Catalan Countries   ■ Frisia   ■ Kurdistan   ■ Manchuria   ■ Sápmi   ■ Svenskfinland   ■ Székely Land   ■ Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary   ■ Byzantine Empire   ■ Caliphate   ■ Czechoslovakia   ■ Frankish Empire   ■ Kingdom of Hawaiʻi   ■ Inca Empire   ■ Iroquois Confederacy   ■ Macedonian Empire   ■ Ottoman Empire   ■ Prussia   ■ Roman Empire   ■ Soviet Union   ■ Republic of Texas   ■ Vermont Republic   ■ Republic of West Florida   ■ Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam