Benjamin Thompson

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English: Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford (German: Reichsgraf von Rumford; 26 March 1753 – 21 August 1814) was an Anglo-American physicist and inventor whose challenges to established physical theory were part of the 19th century revolution in thermodynamics.In 1785, he moved to Bavaria where he became an aide-de-camp to the Prince-elector Karl Theodor. He spent eleven years in Bavaria, reorganising the army and establishing workhouses for the poor. During his work he also invented the Rumford Soup, a nutritious soup for the poor, and established the cultivation of the potato in Bavaria. He invented the wax candle to replace the smokey tallow or beef fat ones. He also founded the Englischer Garten in Munich which remains today and is known as one of the largest urban public parks in the world.