Caroline de Bourbon (1798–1870)

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English: Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise, Duchess of Berry (1798–1870) was the daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Clementina of Austria. She married King Louis XVIII of France's nephew, Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry in 1816, following negotiations to the Two Sicilies by the French ambassador Pierre Louis Jean Casimir, thus becoming the Duchesse de Berry. She became an important figure during the Bourbon Restoration after the assassination of her husband in 1820. Her son, Henri d'Artois, comte de Chambord, was named the "miracle child" because he was born after his father's death and continued the direct Bourbon line of King Louis XIV of France. In 1824, King Louis XVIII of France died and was succeeded by Marie Caroline's father-in-law, King Charles X of France.


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