Al-Uzza was one of the three chief goddesses of Arabian religion in pre-Islamic times and was worshiped as one of the daughters of Allah by the pre-Islamic arabs along with Allat and Manat. Al-Uzza was also worshipped by the Nabataeans, who equated her with the Greek goddess Aphrodite Ourania (Roman Venus Caelestis). A stone cube at aṭ-Ṭā’if (near Mecca) was held sacred as part of her cult. She is mentioned in the Qur'an Sura 53:19 as being one of the goddesses that people worshiped. Al-Uzza was syncretized with the dominant Greco-Roman deities and sometimes called by their names. The influence of Atargatis is seen in the form of her sacred fish, which crown al-Uzza in a temple relief at nearby Khirbet et-Tannur, Jordan.
Arabian folklore: Allah was worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia and Nabataea with a family of deities around him among which was a triad of goddesses called "the three daughters of Allah": Al-Lat ("Mother Goddess of prosperity") Al-Uzza ("Mighty one") the youngest, and Al-Manat ("Fate") "the third, the other". They were known collectively as the three cranes. These goddesses are said to have figured in an early version of the Qur'an - the apocryphal Satanic Verses.
pre-Islamic Arabian goddess
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