Wienerberger was recruited in the Army of the Austro-Hungarian empire durin World War I. He was taken 1915 as prisoner and stayed in Russia after the war, where he spend a further 15 years until 1934. He built a chemical laboratry. He was chemical engineer specialising in explosives. In the 1920s he was political prisoner in Lubyanka Prison, Moscow. From 1930? he worked for chemical factories in the soviet union, establish some fatories and was technical director there. In 1931 a daughter was born. In 1933 he was technical director of a synthetic factory in Charkov and was witness of the man-made famine, called Holodomor. His photographs - made with an still existing Leica - are some of about only about 100 verified of this crisis. (Sometimes there are used pictures from 1921/1922 from Wolgau region.) Back in Austria in 1934 he give the Vienna Arcbishop Theodor Innitzer an album with 25 pictures and hand written commentars and another ablum dedicated to his daughter, now owned by his great granddaughter. In 1935 Ewald Ammende published in Vienna the Book Muss Russland Hungern? (Must Russia Starve?) with pictures from Wienerberger. In 1939 Wienerberger published Hart auf Hart (Hard Times) about his time as engenieer in the soviet union, wich was compatible with the Nazi-regime. He also published other photographs of Holodomor.
Publishing date, date of death and austrian copyright law means his images and book still hold copyright.
Austrian photographer, soldier, prisoner of war and chemical engineer
|Name in native language||Alexander Wienerberger|
|Date of birth||8 December 1891|
|Date of death||5 January 1955|
|Country of citizenship|