English: In 1790, the French National Assembly required all clergy to swear an oath of loyalty to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. Only seven bishops and about half the clergy agreed: the rest, mainly in western France, refused; these became known as "non-jurors" or "refractory priests".
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Media in category "Constitutional clergy"
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- Le Vachez Collection - Louis-Alexandre Expilly de la Poipe (1743-1794).jpg 1,782 × 2,299; 890 KB