Category:Cypress Hills Massacre

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National Historic Site of Canada


English: The Cypress Hills massacre occurred on June 1, 1873, in the Cypress Hills region of the (then) North-West Territories (now in Saskatchewan, Canada). A group of American hunters had chased some horse thieves from the Montana Territory across the border into Canada. After losing the trail of the thieves, the Americans arrived at a trading post and Nakota camp in the Battle Creek valley, and shortly thereafter an alcohol-fueled massacre occurred, resulting in 23 deaths among the Nakota people and the death of one American. The incident outraged Canadians, who saw their sovereignty and Western Canada threatened by Americans. In response, the Canadian government created the North-West Mounted Police (precursor to the RCMP) and Fort Walsh was subsequently established in the Cypress Hills region. All of the American hunters were arrested and tried, but none were ever convicted.

Media in category "Cypress Hills Massacre"

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