Category:Independent agencies of the United States government

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English: See also: List of United States federal agencies (And the sublist there.)

Independent agencies of the United States government are those that exist outside of the departments of the executive branch. Established through separate statutes passed by the U.S. Congress, each respective statutory grant of authority defines the goals the agency must work towards, as well as what substantive areas, if any, over which it may have the power of rulemaking. These agency rules (or regulations), while in force, have the power of federal law.


The executive departments are the major operating units of the U.S. federal government, but many other agencies have important responsibilities for serving the public interest and carrying out government operations. Executive branch independent agencies are not part of a fourth branch of government; they are part of the executive branch, but are not part of a specific executive department. A few independent agencies are part of the legislative branch under Congress, such as the Government Accountability Office (formerly called the General Accounting Office), the Library of Congress, the Congressional Research Service, and the Government Printing Office.

The nature and purpose of independent agencies vary widely. Some are regulatory groups with powers to supervise certain sectors of the economy. Others provide special services either to the government or to the people. In most cases, the agencies have been created by Congress to deal with matters that have become too complex for the scope of ordinary legislation. In 1970, for example, Congress established the United States Environmental Protection Agency to coordinate governmental action to protect the environment.

The Administrative Procedure Act establishes the protocols for agency rulemaking and decisions in agency enforcement proceedings. The APA also provides for direct judicial review of agency action in the D.C. Circuit Court (and then on appeal to the Supreme Court), once all intra-agency procedures have been exhausted. The D.C. Circuit can uphold the regulation as a valid exercise of statutory authority by the agency, or it can remand back to the agency for further consideration and information gathering. Decisions and rules must be sufficiently justified by the agency to withstand judicial review. If there is no established factual or rational basis for the agency's actions, the court will not infer or assume one.
independent agency of the United States government 
agencies that exist outside of the federal executive departments
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agencia independiente del gobierno de Estados Unidos (es); agence indépendante du gouvernement des États-Unis (fr); Estatu Batuetako gobernuaren agentzia independentea (eu); Независимые агентства и корпорации Федерального правительства США (ru); unabhängige Behörden der Vereinigten Staaten (de); ԱՄՆ-ի կառավարության անկախ գործակալություն և կորպորացիա (hy); 美國政府獨立機構 (zh); независна агенција Владе САД (sr); agenție independentă a guvernului Statelor Unite (ro); 美國政府獨立機構 (zh-hk); независна агенција на владата на САД (mk); Uavhengig organ i De forente stater (nb); 美国政府独立机构 (zh-hans); 美國政府獨立機構 (zh-hant); agència independent del govern dels Estats Units (ca); アメリカ合衆国政府の独立機関 (ja); 미국 정부의 독립 기관 (ko); independent agency of the United States government (en); sendependa agentejo de Usona registaro (eo); Nezávislá agentura vlády Spojených států amerických (cs); незалежне агентство уряду США (uk) reine des Amériques de l'état unis chef des patriote (fr); aginte federaletik at dauden agentziak (eu); Organ som er utenfor kontrollen til de ulike føderale departementene direkte underlagt kontrollen til kongressen (nb); durch den Kongress per Gesetz eingerichtete Behörden (de); агентства, які існують поза федеральними виконавчими відомствами (uk); agencies that exist outside of the federal executive departments (en); 存在於聯邦執行部門之外的機構 (zh); agentura v USA (cs); агенције које постоје ван федералних егзекутивних департмана (sr) agencia independiente del gobierno federal de Estados Unidos, agencia federal independiente de Estados Unidos (es); 行政機関, 合衆国政府の独立機関, 独立機関 (ja); Regierungsorganisationen der USA, Unabhängige Bundesbehörden der USA (de); 미 정부의 독립 기관, 미국 정부의 독립기관, 미 정부의 독립기관 (ko); Agence indépendante du gouvernement fédéral des États-Unis, Agences indépendantes du gouvernement fédéral, Agences indépendantes, Agences indépendantes du gouvernement des Etats-Unis, Agences indépendantes du gouvernement des États-Unis (fr); 美國聯邦政府獨立行政機構 (zh); Независимое правительственное агентство, Environmental Protection Agency, Независимые агентства Правительства Соединённых Штатов Америки, Независимые агентства США, Независимые агентства Правительства США (ru)


This category has the following 51 subcategories, out of 51 total.