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English: The Juye Incident refers to the events of November 1, 1897, when a band of twenty to thirty armed men broke into a Catholic missionary compound in Zhang Jia Zhuang, Juye County (Shandong province, China) and killed Richard Henle (b. July 21, 1863, Stetten near Haigerloch) and Francis Xavier Nies (b. June 11, 1859, at Rehringhausen, Olpe, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Paderborn), two German missionaries of the Society of the Divine Word. A few days later, Germany took these murders as a pretext to seize Jiaozhou Bay on Shandong's southern coast, triggering a "scramble for concessions" during which Russia, Britain, France, and Japan also secured their own sphere of influence in different regions of China. Under threats from Germany, the government of the Qing dynasty was also forced to remove many Shandong officials from their post (including governor Li Bingheng) and to build three Catholic churches in the area at its own expense. The mission that had been attacked also received 3,000 taels of silver in compensation for stolen or damaged property, and received the right to construct seven fortified residences in the area, also at government expenses. This settlement strengthened missionary work in Shandong province and was part of the events that led to the Boxer Uprising (1899–1900), a movement directed against the Christian and foreign presence in northern China.
Media in category "Juye Incident"
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