Category:Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse

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English: Louis IV (Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl) (12 September 1837 - 13 March 1892), was the fourth Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, reigning from 13 June 1877 until his death. Through his own and his children's marriages he was connected to the British Royal Family, to the Imperial house of Russia and other royal houses of Europe. On 1 July 1862, Louis married Princess Alice, the third child of Queen Victoria. Following the death of Princess Alice in 1878, Ludwig IV contracted a morganatic marriage on 30 April 1884 with Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska (3 September 1854-8 May 1941), the former wife of Alexander Kolémine, the Russian chargé d'affaires in Darmstadt. His second wife received the title Countess von Romrod. The marriage, which caused great concern within his family, was annulled within a year.

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
By Princess Alice
Princess Victoria 5 April 1863 24 September 1950 married Prince Louis of Battenberg, later Marquess of Milford-Haven; had issue
Princess Elisabeth 1 November 1864 18 July 1918 17 July 1918 Took the name Yelisaveta Fyodorovna on her baptism into the Russian Orthodox Church; married Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia (son of Alexander II of Russia); no issue
Princess Irene 11 July 1866 11 November 1953 married Prince Heinrich (son of Emperor Friedrich III of Germany); had issue
Prince Ernst Ludwig 25 November 1868 9 October 1937 Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (13 March 1892 – 9 November 1918); married (1) HRH Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; divorced

(2) HH Princess Eleonore zu Solms-Hohensolms-Lich; had issue

Prince Friedrich 7 October 1870 29 May 1873 Suffered from haemophilia and died from internal bleeding after a fall from a window
Princess Alix 6 June 1872 17 July 1918 Took the name Alexandra Feodorovna on her baptism into the Russian Orthodox Church; married Tsar Nicholas II of Russia; had issue
Princess Marie 24 May 1874 16 November 1878 Died of diphtheria
By Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska, Countess von Romrod
no issue


Luis IV de Hesse-Darmstadt (es); IV. Lajos hesseni nagyherceg (hu); Lluís IV de Hessen-Darmstadt (ca); Ludwig IV. (de); Людвіг IV (be); Լյուդովիկոս IV (hy); Лудвиг IV (bg); Ludvig 4. af Hessen og ved Rhinen (da); ლუდვიგ IV (ჰესენი) (ka); 路德維希四世 (zh-hk); Ludvig IV av Hessen-Darmstadt (sv); לודוויג הרביעי, הדוכס הגדול של הסן (he); 路德維希四世 (zh-hant); 路德维希四世 (zh-cn); 루트비히 4세 (ko); Ludoviko la 4-a, grandduko de Hesio (eo); Ludvík IV. Hesensko-Darmstadtský (cs); Luigi IV d'Assia (it); Louis IV de Hesse (fr); Ludwig IV (et); Lodewijk IV van Hessen-Darmstadt (nl); 路德维希四世 (zh-hans); Luís IV, Grão-Duque de Hesse (pt); لودویگ چهارم، دوک بزرگ هسن (fa); 路德维希四世 (zh-sg); Ludwig IV, Groothertog van Hesse (af); Лудвиг IV, Велики војвода од Хесена и Рајне (sr); Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (sl); ルートヴィヒ4世 (ja); Luís IV, Grão-Duque de Hesse (pt-br); Ludwig IV, Grand Duke o Hesse an bi Rhine (sco); Louis IV, Adipati Agung Hesse (id); Ludwik IV (pl); Ludvig IV av Hessen-Darmstadt (nb); 路德維希四世 (zh-tw); Людвиг IV (ru); 路德维希四世 (zh); Ludovic al IV-lea, Mare Duce de Hesse (ro); หลุยส์ที่ 4 แกรนด์ดยุคแห่งเฮสส์และไรน์ (th); Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (en); لويس الرابع دوق هسن (ar); Λουδοβίκος Δ´, Μέγας Δούκας της Έσσης (el); Людвіг IV (uk) Soberano y militar alemán. (1837-1892) (es); ヘッセン大公国第4代大公 (ja); Souverain allemand. (1837-1892) (fr); Duits officier (1837-1892) (nl); granduca d'Assia e del Reno (it); ضابط ألماني (ar); oficial alemán (1837–1892) (ast); великий герцог Гессенский и Прирейнский в 1877 - 1892 годах. (ru); вялікі герцаг Гесэнскі (be); Großherzog von Hessen-Darmstadt (de); German sovereign (1837-1892) (en); uasal Gearmánach (ga); germana monarko (eo); velkovévoda (cs); Storhertug af Hessen og ved Rhinen (da) Luis IV de Hesse, Luis IV de Hesse Darmstadt (es); Ludvig 04 av Hessen-Darmstadt, Ludvig IV av Hessen (sv); Ludvig IV av Hessen, Ludwig IV av Hessen-Darmstadt, Ludvig IV, storhertug av Hessen (nb); Lodewijk IV van Hessen (nl); Людвиг IV Гессенский, Людвиг IV, великий герцог Гессенский (ru); 헤센의 루트비히 4세 (ko); Ludwig IV. (en); Ludovic IV, Mare Duce de Hessa, Marele Duce de Hesse Ludovic al IV-lea, Louis al IV-lea, Mare Duce de Hesse, Ludwig al IV-lea, Mare Duce de Hesse și de Rin, Ludovic al IV-lea (ro); Luigi IV d'Assia-Darmstadt (it)
Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse 
German sovereign (1837-1892)
Grand Duke Ludwig IV of Hesse-Darmstadt and by Rhine.jpg
 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg 
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Date of birth12 September 1837
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Date of death13 March 1892
Darmstadt
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