Category:Major basilicas

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<nowiki>Basílica mayor; patriarkális bazilika; basilika nagusi; basílica major; Basilica maior; вялікая базіліка; basilika meur; 特級宗座聖殿; Basilica maior; Basilica maior; patriarkalbasilika; הבזיליקות הפטריארכליות; Basilicae Majores; 4대 대성전; Granda baziliko; basilica maior; basilica maggiore; basilique majeure; вялікая базыліка; Basílica patriarcal; večja bazilika; basilica majora; Baxełeghe papałi; велика базиліка; Basilika utama; bazylika większa; великая базилика; basilica maior; Basilica maior; Велика базилика; Basilica maior; basilica maior; major basilica; մեծ բազիլիկ; μείζον βασιλική; มหาวิหารเอก; título dado a las cuatro iglesias católicas romanas de mayor rango; Róma négy nagy bazilikája; artikel daftar Wikimedia; tytuł nadany najważniejszym kościołom w Rzymie; Titel, der vom Vatikan für vier besonders wichtige Kirchen in Rom vergeben wurde; title given to the four highest-ranking Roman Catholic churches; titre donné à quatre basiliques catholiques situées à Rome et au Vatican; titlul purtat de cele mai importante patru biserici din Roma; title given to the four highest-ranking Roman Catholic churches; Basilica mayor; Basílica Mayor; Basílica Papal; Basílica papal mayor; Basílica Mayor papal; archibasílica; basilica papale maggiore; prif fasilica; velika bazilika; Basilica maior; Basilicae maiores; basilika nagusia; Basilica major; basilica maior</nowiki>
Basilica maior 
title given to the four highest-ranking Roman Catholic churches
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Major basilica (Latin: Basilica maior, Basilicae maiores in plural) is the title given to the four highest-ranking Roman Catholic churches. All other churches that have the title of a basilica are minor basilicas (Latin: Basilica minor).

To this class belong the four great ancient churches of Rome:

  • St. John Lateran, also called the Lateran Basilica, is the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, the Pope. It is the only one called an "archbasilica". Its full official name is the "Archbasilica of the Most Holy Saviour and of Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist at the Lateran, Cathedral of Rome".
  • St. Peter's Basilica, also called the Vatican Basilica, is a major pilgrimage site, built over the burial place of Saint Peter. Perhaps the largest church in the world, it is used for most of the chief religious ceremonies in which the Pope participates. Its official name is the "Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican".
  • St. Paul Outside the Walls, also known as the Ostian Basilica because it is situated on the road that led to Ostia, is built over the burial place of Paul the Apostle. Its official name is the "Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls".
  • St. Mary Major, also called the Liberian Basilica because the original building (not the present one) was attributed to Pope Liberius, is the largest church in Rome dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whence its name of Saint Mary Major, i.e. the Greater. Its official name is the "Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major".

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