Category:Minerals

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Čeština: Minerály
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Español: Minerales
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Français : Minéral
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Italiano: Minerali
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日本語: 鉱物
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Русский: Минералы
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中文: 礦物
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Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. The term "mineral" encompasses not only the material's chemical composition but also the mineral structures. Minerals range in composition from pure elements and simple salts to very complex silicates with thousands of known forms (organic compounds are usually excluded). The study of minerals is called mineralogy.

  • Notes: this category is based on International Mineralogical Association - Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (IMA-CNMNC)'s Master List of Valid Minerals. Please, do not remove subcategories of valid minerals from this category. Mindat.org prefers to give the chemical formula range of a mineral as it was found in nature. The IMA-CNMNC Database of Mineral Properties prefers to give the chemical formula of the definition of a mineral as a solid solution end member. [1]
  • References: Mindat.org, Handbook of Mineralogy (Mineralogical Society of America), Mineralienatlas, Rruff Project/ IMA and CNMNC Master List/ IMA (version 2016)
mineraal 
naturally occurring usually inorganic substance that has a (more or less) definite chemical composition and a crystal structure
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