Category:Order of Montesa

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to: navigation, search
Cross montessa.svg


English: The Order of Montesa (Catalan: Ordre de Montesa, Aragonese and Spanish: Orden de Montesa) is a Christian military order, territorially limited to the old Crown of Aragon. King James II of Aragon persuaded pope John XXII to permit him to regroup the Templar properties in Aragon and Valencia, and to create a new military order not essentially differing from that of the Templars, which should be charged with the defence of the frontier against the Moors and the pirates. The new order was dedicated to Our Lady, and based at Montesa. Pope John XXII approved it on 10 June 1317, and gave it the Cistercian rule. The order derived its title from St. George of Montesa, its principal stronghold. It was affiliated to the Order of Calatrava, from which its first recruits were drawn, and it was maintained in dependence upon that order. The first of the fourteen grand masters was Guillermo d'Eril. In 1485, Philip of Viana renounced the Archdiocese of Palermo to become grand master. He died fighting the Kingdom of Granada in 1488. The office of grand master was united with the Crown by Philip II of Spain in 1587.
Español: La Orden de Montesa es una corporación religiosa y militar de carácter nobiliario fundada por el rey Jaime II de Aragón en el siglo XIV. El rey Jaime II cedió a la Orden el castillo de Montesa, enclavado en territorio valenciano. La Orden fue aprobada por el papa Juan XXII el 10 de junio de 1317. La primera República Española suprimió la Orden en 1873 y, aunque en la Restauración fue nuevamente restablecida, quedó reducida a un instituto nobiliario de carácter honorífico regido por un Consejo Superior dependiente del Ministerio de la Guerra, que quedó a su vez extinguido tras la proclamación de la Segunda República en 1931. La Orden de Montesa, junto con las de Santiago, Calatrava y Alcántara, fue reinstaurada como una asociación civil en el reinado de Juan Carlos I de España con el carácter de organización nobiliaria honorífica y religiosa y como tal permanece desde finales del siglo XX.

Subcategories

This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total.

Pages in category "Order of Montesa"

This category contains only the following page.

Media in category "Order of Montesa"

This category contains only the following file.