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orientalismo (es); 東方主義 (yue); Orientalism (en); Οριενταλισμός (el); Orientalismus (de); Orientalismo (eu); oryantalizm (tr); Orientalismi (fi); orientalisme (ca); орієнталізм (uk); Dwyreinioldeb (cy); خاورشناسی (fa); арыенталізм (be); ختيځپوهنه (ps); ориентализъм (bg); Orientalisme (da); Orientalism (ro); オリエンタリズム (ja); ориентализм (ru); oriëntalisme (nl); orientalism (sv); ഓറിയൻറലിസം (ml); אוריינטליזם (he); Orientalizm (pl); 東方主義 (zh-hant); प्राच्यवाद (hi); orientalismo (it); Oriyentalizm (uz); Ориентализм (kk); Orientismo (eo); ориентализам (mk); 東方主義 (zh-tw); استشراق (skr); প্রাচ্যতত্ত্ব (bn); orientalisme (fr); оријентализам (sr-ec); Orientalism (et); 東方主義 (zh-hk); 东方主义 (zh-my); Orientalisme (oc); orijentalizam (sr-el); استشراق، مستشرقین، تحریک استشراق، ماہر عربیات، (ur); Orientalismo (pt); Đông phương luận (vi); օրիենտալիզմ (hy); Orientālisms (lv); 东方主义 (zh-cn); оријентализам (sr); Orientalizem (sl); Orientalismo (tl); 東方主義 (zh-mo); 东方主义 (zh-sg); orientalisme (id); orientalisme (nn); orientalisme (nb); Orijentalizam (sh); ორიენტალიზმი (ka); Orientalismus (cs); 东方主义 (zh); 오리엔탈리즘 (ko); Orientalismo (gl); استشراق (ar); 东方主义 (zh-hans); مستشرقین (pnb) corrente artistica ottocentesca che tendeva all'imitazione dell'arte orientale (it); mouvement artistique (fr); תרבות המזרח בראייה מערבית (he); westerse opvatting van het Oosten in culturele zin (nl); imitation or depiction of aspects of Middle Eastern and East Asian cultures (en); Kunstströmung (de); Aasian maiden kulttuurin ja kielen tutkimus (fi); імітацыя ўсходнеазіяцкай культуры (be); representación de aspectos de las culturas orientales por parte de escritores y artistas occidentales (es); μίμηση ή απεικόνιση στοιχείων των πολιτισμών της Μέσης Ανατολής και Ανατολικής Ασίας (el); vestlig interesse for kulturen i Mellemøsten og Østasien (da) Doğuculuk, Oryentalizm, Müsteşrik, Şarkiyatçılık, Doğu bilimi, Doğubilim, Oryantalist (tr); オリエンタリスム, 反東洋思想 (ja); Orientalisme en art, Peintre Orientaliste, Orientalism (fr); مستشرقون, مستشرقين, المستشرقون, الاستشراق, المستشرقين (ar); 東方主義 (zh); ختیځپوهنه (ps); Orientalism (ml); orientalisme (nl); Orientalista, Orientalismo (ca); אוריינטלי (he); Orientalista, Orientalística, Estilo oriental (pt); nghiên cứu phương Đông (vi); Orientalisti (fi); خاورشناس, خاورشناختی, خاورشناسان, شرق‌شناس, شرق‌شناسی, شرقشناس, شرق شناس, اوریانتالیست, شرق شناسی, شرقشناسی, مستشرق (fa); Ανατολισμός (el); орієнталістика, сходознавство (uk)
imitation or depiction of aspects of Middle Eastern and East Asian cultures
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Fantasizing about harems & "alhama".

See also Category:Japonism and Category:Chinoiserie

  • Orientalism as an artform was mainly developed during the XIXe in Western Europe. It sets the sight of European painters on the islamic civilisation, which is quite a subjective look. European society at that time restricted nude paintings for moral & religious reasons, so fantasizing about harems gave the artists freedom to act. Anecdoting scenes show European artists while on trip to Orient, that could only "let their imagination go on while waiting at the entrance of a Harem gate", literally meaning : restricted zone.
  • Scientific orientalism was previous and mainly developed after the Age of Discovery as a way to enhance the colonization process of the World. Naturalists came back with awesome news. Describing old civilizations with new scientific ways and compiling knowledge about conquered remote lands gave the Europeans a strong feeling of superiority. Hence the basis of colonialism as an ideology. Egyptology can be traced back to orientalism: French and later English said they knew more about Egypt and Ancient Egypt than the dwelling populations there at that time.

"both consider the Orient as an object of studies". So that Occidental thinkers defined Occident itself, displaying what it was not while considering the rest of the world complied to their views.

Source: see Edward Said works on the subject.


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Media in category "Orientalism"

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