Category:Overseas countries and territories of the European Union

Une page de Wikimedia Commons, la médiathèque libre.
Sauter à la navigation Sauter à la recherche

Two parts of the treaty of the European Community deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to which the treaty applies, supplemented by the accession treaties; and Articles 182-188 and Annex II on association with the non-European countries and territories which have special relations with the member states.

The overseas countries and territories (OCTs) are 25 countries or territories located outside mainland Europe — essentially small islands – constitutionally tied with one of the following Member States: Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, and that have a special relationship with one of the Member States of the European Community (their total number have changed over time due to changes in their legal status within their country):

  • 1 with Denmark (Greenland),
  • 6 with France (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, New Caledonia, and 5 inhabited French Overseas collectivities that are not departments, except Saint-Martin which kept its OMR status)
  • 6 with the Netherlands (all territories of the Dutch Caribbean which have been part of the former Netherlands Antillas for some time during their history),
  • 12 with the United Kingdom (including the 6 territories of the British Caribbean, plus 3 other inhabited territories, and 3 non-permanently habited territories), and

Together with other countries they benefit from the European Development Fund (EDF) [1], not the regional policy.

Notes:

  • The OCT status of the British Sovereign Bases in Cyprus (Akrotiri and Dhekelia) is disputed but follows a special arrangement with the Republic of Cyprus and the European Union.
  • Gibraltar is also a British Overseas Territory, but it is not an OCT as it is an OMR within the European Union.
  • Mayotte had this OCT status, but after it became a French department it became an outermost region (OMR) within the European Union.
  • Saint-Martin (French part) remains an OMR within the European Union, as it did not opt for this OCT status.
  • Saint-Barthélemy was temporarily an OMR within the European Union, after it was split from Guadeloupe, but now has opted for this OCT status.
  • 22 of the 25 existing OCTs are now members of the OCT Association website (all the 21 OCTs with permanent civil residents and a local government, plus the French Southern and Austral Lands), but the 3 British OCTs without permanent civil residents (the British Antarctic Territory, the British Indian Ocean Territory, and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) did not join it.

Sous-catégories

Cette catégorie comprend 13 sous-catégories, dont les 13 ci-dessous.

 

*

+