A pentacle is a flat object with a magical symbol on it, that is used in rituals to evoke, banish, and/or control spirits, often angelic or demonic spirits.
The english and french word 'pentacle' derives from the old french word 'pentacol', which means "hangs from neck", being a contraction of the old french words 'pent' ("hangs"), 'a' ("from"), and 'col' ("neck"). The old french word 'pentacol' was borrowed into italian, and in Italy the word eventually became italianized into 'pentacolo'. It was also in Italy that pentacols first became associated with the occult, though only in fiction. Meanwhile, back in France, the word 'pentacol' evolved into other forms as old french evolved into middle french.
The german occultist Johannes Trithemius, and his student Heinrich Agrippa, latinized the italian word 'pentacolo' into 'pentaculum' in the early 1500s. In the late 1500s, translators who translated latin occult texts into french and english changed the word 'pentaculum' into 'pentacle', replacing the latin suffix '-culum' with the suffix '-cle' from the french and english word 'cercle' / 'circle'.
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Media in category "Pentacles"
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