This is the closest any British artist gets to the elegance, subtlety and precision of French portraiture and the best candidate to represent portrait painting in the Age of Enlightenment. The sitter is shown seated at an English spinnet (which may be compared with one at the Royal College of Museum of c. 1750 made by John Hitchcock); on the instrument is a work-box and a copy of John Locke’s 'Some Thoughts Concerning Education' (1693); leaning against it is a port-folio of drawings. The Queen holds Prince Frederick, later Duke of York (1763-1827); at her knee stands Prince George, Prince of Wales (later George IV, 1762-1830), with a bow and behind him a drum. Both boys are wearing dresses as they are too young to have yet been breeched.
Interestingly, the three sitters are painted on three separate pieces of canvas which have been joined together. It is possible that this was because the young Prince George grew and changed so quickly during the course of the commission that Ramsay was forced to alter the composition towards the end.