The tuba of ancient Rome is a military signal trumpet, quite different from the modern tuba. The tuba (from Latin tubus, "tube") was produced around 500 BC. Its shape was straight, in contrast to the military buccina or cornu, which was more like the modern sousaphone in curving around the body. Its origin is thought to be Etruscan, and it is similar to the Greek salpinx. About four feet in length, it was made usually of bronze, and was played with a detachable bone mouthpiece.
In the 1770s, the French artist Jacques-Louis David carried out extensive researches into the ancient Roman instruments that appeared on Trajan's Column in Rome. Two of these instruments – the straight Roman tuba and the curved cornu – were revived in Revolutionary France as the buccin and tuba curva.
- See also Wikipedia article: Roman tuba#tuba curva.
- See also categories: Buccin (1791), Buccina and Cornu (horn).
- Bevan, Clifford (1990). "The Saxtuba and Organological Vituperation". The Galpin Society Journal 43: pp. 135–146. Galpin Society. DOI:10.2307/842482. ISSN 0072-0127.
- Bevan (1990), p. 136. The buccin of 1791 should not be confused with a slightly later instrument of the same name (buccin), which was a species of trombone.
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- ► Saxtuba (19 F)
Media in category "Roman tuba"
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