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English: Stolperstein is the German word for "stumbling block", "obstacle", or "something in the way". The artist Gunter Demnig has given this word a new meaning, that of a small, cobblestone-sized memorial for a single victim of Nazism set in the pavement before the building in which this person lived or worked. These memorials commemorate individuals -- those who died as well as survivors -- who were consigned or deported by the Nazis to prisons, forced labor sites, euthanasia "clinics", concentration camps, and extermination camps, as well as individuals who were victims of pogrom violence or who responded to persecution by fleeing or escaping, by emigrating (including Kindertransport children), or by committing suicide. They include Jews, Sinti and Romani people (also called gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Reformed Seventh Day Adventists, Black people, the physically and mentally disabled as well as Christians (both Protestants and Catholics) opposed to the Nazis, political dissidents, members of the Communist Party, the Social Democratic Party, and the Resistance, along with International Brigade soldiers in the Spanish Civil War, military deserters, conscientious objectors, escape helpers, capitulators, "habitual criminals", looters, and others charged with treason, military disobedience, or undermining the Nazi military, as well as Allied soldiers. The list of locales that have Stolpersteine now extends to several countries and hundreds of cities and towns.
Deutsch: Die Stolpersteine sind ein Projekt des Künstlers Gunter Demnig. Mit diesen Gedenktafeln soll an das Schicksal der Menschen erinnert werden, die im Nationalsozialismus ermordet, deportiert, vertrieben oder in den Suizid getrieben wurden. Die Stolpersteine sind kubische Betonsteine mit einer Kantenlänge von zehn Zentimetern, auf deren Oberseite sich eine individuell beschriftete Messingplatte befindet. Sie werden in der Regel vor den letzten frei gewählten Wohnhäusern der NS-Opfer niveaugleich in das Pflaster des Gehweges eingelassen.
中文: 绊脚石(德语:Stolpersteine),是由德国艺术家冈特·德姆尼希发起的一个艺术项目。所谓“绊脚石”,是棱长10厘米的立方体混凝土块,其中一面贴嵌了一块镌刻着专门纪念文字的黄铜板。有时,以长条形出现的绊脚石也被称作绊脚坎Stolperschwelle)。这个艺术项目的目的是纪念在德国国家社会主义时期,被纳粹政府谋杀、驱逐和逼迫自杀的人。刻有受难者姓名的绊脚石,就是他们的纪念牌。通常,绊脚石铺设在受难者生前住所门前的路面上,与普通的铺路石平齐。

Media in category "Stolpersteine"

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