Category:Zamorin of Calicut

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Zamorin of Calicut 
historical kingdom in present-day Kerala, India
Upload media
Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg  Wikipedia
Instance ofhistorical country,
kingdom
Inception
  • 1102
Dissolved, abolished or demolished
  • 1806
Authority control
Blue pencil.svg
Zamorin (it); Zamorin (fr); Заморин (ru); झामोरिन (mr); Reino de Calecute (pt); 卡利卡特扎莫林 (zh); Kožikodės karalystė (lt); Zamorin din Calicut (ro); ザモリン (ja); Zamorin dari Calicut (id); Zamorinen av Calicut (nb); Заморін (uk); Samorijn (nl); ساموتیری (ur); ज़ामोरिन (hi); జమోరిన్ అఫ్ కాలికట్ (te); Zamorín (es); Zamorin of Calicut (en); Samorin (ca); സാമൂതിരി (ml); கோழிக்கோடு நாடு (ta) historical kingdom in present-day Kerala, India (en); antigo estado indiano de Querala, existente entre o século XII e 1806 (pt); historischer Staat (de); historisch land (nl) Zamorin (es); カリカットの領主 (ja); Samoothiri of Kozhikode (en); Reino de Kozhikode, Samorim de Calicute, Samorim de Kozhikode, Reino dos Samorins (pt)

Samoothiri (English: Zamorin; Portuguese: Samorim, Dutch: Samorijn) is the hereditary title of the Hindu monarch of the kingdom of Calicut on Malabar Coast, India. The Samoothiris were based at the city of Calicut, one of the important trading ports on the south-western coast of India. At the peak of their reign, the Samoothiri's ruled over the coastal region from Quilon to Quilandy.

The Samoothiris maintained elaborate trade relations with the Chinese and Muslim Middle-Eastern sailors in the Indian Ocean, the primary spice traders on the Malabar Coast in the Middle Ages. Kozhikode was then an important entrepôt in south-western India where Chinese and West Asian trade met.

The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama visited the city of Calicut in 1498, opening the sailing route directly from Europe to Asia. The Portuguese efforts to lay the foundations to Estado da Índia, and to take complete control over the commerce was repeatedly hampered by the forces of Samoothiri of Calicut. By the end of the 16th century the Portuguese – now commanding the spice traffic on the Malabar Coast – had succeeded in replacing the Muslim merchants in the Arabian Sea. The Dutch supplanted the Portuguese in the 17th century, only to be followed by the English.

Subcategories

This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total.