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Exteria [ edit ]
A semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault at the east end
A passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns
A moulded or ornamental band framing a rectangular opening. It is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns
A tower which contains one or more bells, or which is designed to hold bells, even if it has none
An architectural structure built against (a counterfort) or projecting from a wall which serves to support or reinforce the wall
A place of worship sometimes attached to a large church and sometimes a stand-alone structure
an enclosed space, commonly in the form of a green square with surrounding arcades, that forms the central part of a monastery
A structural element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere
The significant front of the church usually on the west front but can be on the side as well
A spire or a lead-covered timber spire that are placed on the ridges of church or cathedral roofs and are usually relatively small
A carved stone grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building
An opening in the walls of a building, gate or fortification, and especially a grand entrance to an important structure
A semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance bounded by a lintel and arch
A dining room, especially in monasteries
Interiors [ edit ]
A space for walking with rows of seats on either side or with rows of seats on one side and a wall on the other
A structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices and votive offerings are made for religious purposes
An altarpiece is a picture or relief representing a religious subject and suspended in a frame behind the altar
A set of railings, sometimes ornate and frequently of marble or wood, delimiting the chancel
Ante-choir. A space in a church between the outer gate or railing of the rood screen and the door of the screen; sometimes there is only one rail, gate or door.
A unit defined as the zone between the outside edges of an engaged column, pilaster, post, or vertical wall area
A a knob or protrusion of stone or wood. Bosses can often be found in the ceilings of buildings, particularly at the intersection of a vault.
The crowning part at the top of a column or a pilaster
An institutional chapel on private land or within a greater church, where a priest would chant masses
The area usually in the western part of the chancel between the nave and the sanctuary (which houses the altar)
A canopy or covering supported by columns, freestanding in the sanctuary, that covers the altar
An upper level of a Roman basilica or of the nave of a Romanesque or Gothic church, the walls of which rise above the rooflines of the lower aisles and are pierced with windows.
Crosses on the walls of a catholic church or cathedral showing where the catholic bishop has anointed the church with chrism oil in order to consecrate it "for the Glory of God".
A stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a church usually used as a chapel or burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics
A form of vault used in the Perpendicular Gothic style, in which the ribs are all of the same curve and spaced equidistantly, in a manner resembling a fan.
A piece at the crown of a vault or arch which marks its apex, locking the other pieces into position.
Originally a gallery on the interior of a building, later in medieval churches they became an architectonic elements, placed over the side aisles.
The entrance or lobby area, located at the end of the nave that is either an indoor area separated from the nave by a screen or rail, or an external structure such as a porch to allow space for those not eligible for admittance into the general congregation.
A wall-like barrier at the edge of a roof or structure
An architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations
A long stick, often decorated at the top with statues of saints, used for carrying in religious processions.
A pulpit centrally located in the same position as the main altar
An ornate screen, constructed of wood, stone or wrought iron used for dividing the chancel from the nave
A circular window especially used in Gothic churches and divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery
The seats (often) on the south side of the chancel near the altar for the use of the officiating priests
A chapel within a cathedral or larger church building
A vessel containing holy water generally placed near the entrance of a church
A shallow gallery of arches within the thickness of inner wall, which stands above the nave