Commons:Ошибочная идентификация персон

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Misidentified portraits[edit]

Errors in portrait sitter's identification. Some misidentifications are from random online sources, but others are based on older errors attributable to misprinted engravings or books, or even mistakes by museums, auction houses, archives or other experts. Where possible, Commons should correct the historical record to prevent Commons from being used to perpetuate all of these errors, since there is a wide variety of media that relies on Commons. This incomplete list shows some errors found, documented, and corrected on Commons.

Errors found[edit]

Portrait Misidentified as Correct identification Description and actions
Elizabeth of Russia by anonym after Caravaque (1750s, Taganrog).jpg Empress Catherine I of Russia Empress Elizabeth of Russia, her daughter File named Antropow - Zarin Katharina I..jpg was used in several wiki-projects. It required a lot of talking in 2010 to get the file renamed.
MDafoeBob20s.jpg

Poetess from Belarus Alaiza Pashkievich

Grandmother of wiki-user Infrogmation from New Orleans, USA

Was used in several wiki-projects as File:Alaiza Pashkievich.jpg. The photo was even printed in some Belorussian magazines in articles about the poetess's jubilee . Lidia Arabey, an expert in Belorussian literature, and in this author in particular, stated in the newspaper Nasha Niva (August 17, 2011, p. 13) that the photo is not Alaiza. The file was nominated for deletion in 2011, but it was almost kept until User:Infrogmation claimed it as his own upload of a photo of his grandmother and deleted the incorrectly-named copy. See Commons:Deletion requests/File:Alaiza Pashkievich.jpg.
Poet (futurist) by Repin.jpg Famous Russian futurist poet Vladimir Mayakovsky Almost-forgotten Russian futurist poet Konstantin Olimpov File:Mayakovsky by Repin.jpg was used in several wiki-projects. It was even printed on the cover of Mayakovsky's new edition of poems ("Владимир Маяковский. Стихотворения. Поэмы. Очерки". Библиотека Всемирной Литературы. Эксмо, 2009). Renamed, but new name is ambiguous.
Alexander I by Stepan Shchukin.jpg Ugly Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia His older brother handsome Emperor Alexander I of Russia File:Grand_Duke_Constantine_Pavlovich_of_Russia.PNG was used in several wiki-projects in articles about the Grand Duke. Renamed and removed from those articles.
Alexander I by Ivan Winberg.jpg Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia Emperor Alexander I of Russia

File:Constantine Pavlovich by Ivan Winberg.jpg was uploaded to Wikipedia according to its name on the Hermitage museum site (old version). But user:Bogdbe noted that Constantine wasn't awarded the same chivalric orders as the sitter of this portrait. The Hermitage answered a letter about it in 2013 and renamed it on their site (In the new website this error is back again, but improved again at the 27.06.2017). Then the file was renamed here and removed from articles about Constantine.

Sokolov Sophia Alexandrovna Bobrinsky.jpg Varvara Nelidova, mistress of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia Sofia Bobrinskaya, friend of Nicholas I's wife File:BNelidovaV.jpg was used in an article briefly in 2011 but it was long enough for the portrait to find its way onto the cover of a print-on-demand novel (about time-traveling in Nelidova's body) and into a documentary film. Renamed.
Chaliapin Godunov 1912.jpg Tsar Ivan the Terrible, 16th century tsar Theatrical portrait (1912) of singer Chaliapin as Tsar Boris Godunov in Mussorgsky's opera
(Boris was the brother-in-law of Ivan the Terrible's son)
File:Ivan IV of Russia.jpg was used in several wiki-projects. Renamed in 2009.


Maria Naryshkina by Argunov.jpeg
and other pictures
Maria Naryshkina (1779-1854), mistress of Emperor Alexander I of Russia

her relatives:

An abundance of portraits depicting any woman from the Naryshkin family painted in the Empire style bestrewed the web as images of the tsar's mistress. Some of them can be found in magazine articles. Finally all the ladies were identified and renamed.
Konstantin Makovsky - woman in a Russian dress.jpg Tsarina Agafya Grushetskaya (17th century) Genre painting by Konstantin Makovsky depicting a fictional Russian beauty (1880s). File:Agafya Grushetskaya.jpg was used in several wiki-projects. Renamed.
English School Egerton Sisters.jpg Queen Elizabeth I of England at three different ages

The Egerton Sisters, daughters of Thomas Egerton, 1st Viscount Brackley (1600s)

File:Queen Elizabeth of England Young9.jpeg was used in several wiki-projects. Renamed in 2008. See request.
Boris Godunov (Pushkinsky zapovednik).jpg Simeon Bekbulatovich, jester-tsar ("king for a day") during Ivan the Terrible's reign

Boris Godunov

Despite the large inscription "BORIS" on the painting, File:Simeon Bekbulatovich.jpg was included in many articles about Simeon for years. Renamed and removed from those articles in 2011.
Matilda of Tuscany.jpg lascivious Marozia, "mother" of papal Pornocracy "la Gran Contessa" Matilda of Tuscany, principal Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII (12th cent.). File:Marozia Tusculani.jpg was used in several projects. Renamed and removed in 2008.
Maria Alexeevna Musina-Pushkina by M.Daffinger.jpg Nadezhda Musina-Pushkina, grandmother of poet Pushkin's wife (2nd half of 18th century) Maria Musina-Pushkina, wife of Pushkin's friend Chancellor Gorchakov, subject of Pushkin's poems. Incorrectly identified portrait can be found on the web.
Портрет Эмилии Карловны Мусиной-Пушкиной (Шернваль).jpg Maria Musina-Pushkina, wife of Pushkin's friend Chancellor Gorchakov, subject of Pushkin's poems Emilia Musina-Pushkina, subject of Lermontov's poems Both women were wives of brothers Ivan and Vladimir Musin-Pushkin. Wrongly identified portrait can be found on the web.
Nikolay Ustryalov.jpg Nikolay Vasilyevich Ustryalov (1880-1937)

Nikolay Gerasimovich Ustryalov (1805-1870), his distant relative

The absence of the patronym (Vasilyevich or Gerasimovich) in the name of file:Nikolay Ustryalov.jpg caused the mistaken use of this image in the articles.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Zagoskin 2.jpg Ivan Bozheryaniv, art historian Mikhail Zagoskin, writer File:Bogeryanov.jpg was used in the Russian article for Bozheryaniv. The reason for the mistake is unknown. Renamed.
Arthur benny.jpg Arthur Benni, Polish socialist

General Levin August, Count von Bennigsen

Abbreviation of the surname caused the mistake on this site, then the file was uploaded at Commons. Status?

RusPortraits v2-157 Catherine Nikolaewna Orloff by Lagrenee.jpg Catherine Karamzina, wife of famous Russian writer Catherine Rayevskaya, simply her contemporary Cropped and blurry version was used in the Russian article for Orloff as File:E karamzina.jpg. The image was deleted. Reason for the mistake is unknown.
A.S. Talyzin by Tropinin (1815).jpg General Bagration, Russian hero of the Napoleonic wars with a big nose

Possibly Talyzin, another Russian participant in the Napoleonic wars. Not a hero, but also had a big nose.

An example of a mistake from before the Internet age. The portrait was believed to be of Bagration for years, and not until the end of the 20th century did scholars conclude that the traditional identification was in error. But scans from old books with the old title spread on the web. File:Prince Bagration.jpg was renamed and removed from the relevant articles. But now it needs more research, because of the typical Internet problem of the disappearance of the relevant source. Is it Alexandr Stepanovich Talyzin (1795-1868) with a little nose or perhaps Fedor Ivanovich Talyzin (1765-1815) with a big nose? It is known that Tropinin painted them both.
Elizaveta Alexeevna by Borovikovskiy (1795, Pavlovsk).jpg Grand Duchess Anna Feodorovna of Russia, wife of Grand Duke Constantin Pavlovich of Russia Empress Elizabeth Alexeievna, wife of Emperor Alexander I (Constantin's brother)

An example of a mistake from before the Internet age. The portrait was identified as Anna in the famous catalogue of the collection of Russian portraits, ed. by Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich (1905-1909), but now scholars believe it is a portrait of her sister-in-law Elizabeth. However, the old identification can still be found all over the web. Caution: when using files from this book please check the revised list of new sitter identifications here.

Ekaterina Ivanovna Nelidova by Dmitry Levitzky 001.jpg

Anna Mons (1672–1714), mistress of Emperor Peter I of Russia

Yekaterina Nelidova (1756–1839), mistress of Emperor Paul I of Russia, great grandson of Peter I

File:Monskh.jpg was used in Anna's Russian article. Deleted. Reason for the mistake has some logic (Peter/Paul).
Catherine I of Russia.jpg Anna Mons (1672–1714), mistress of Emperor Peter I of Russia Catherine I, wife of Emperor Peter I of Russia File:Anna Mons - Mätresse Zar Peter I.jpg was uploaded to Commons from russiapedia.rt.com/foreigners/the-mons-family/. It didn't matter that the "mistress" is wearing a crown. The image was used in the Russian article about Anna next to the previous image (of Nelidova). Renamed. Current illustration in the article also is doubtful — obviously, Anna is one of those persons who "need to be" illustrated.
Ivan VI of Russia (Romanov Gallery).jpg Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (1740–1741), a girl Emperor Ivan VI of Russia (1740-1764), a boy Cropped File:Maria Karolina-Andenken.jpg (head and shoulders) was used in her English article in 2010-2012 in spite of the inscription "Ivan IV" in Russian. Renamed when the original painting in the Russian museum was found. The error was possibly because of the same year of birth.
Gajdeburov Pavel Pavlovich.jpg Pavel Alexandrovich Gaydeburov, the journalist Pavel Pavlovich Gaydeburov, famous actor, son of the previous File:Gajdeburov Pavel.jpg without the patronym could refer to either father or son. The mistake came from http://histans.com/?termin=Gajdeburov_P , was uploaded to Commons and used in the Russian article. File was renamed adding the patronym "Pavlovich".
Master of AC Monogram.jpg Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, mother of French queen Maria de'Medici One of her nieces, princesses of Julich-Cleve-Berg - daughters of her sister Maria and Henrich of Cleves This mistake is from one of the greatest arboretums on the Internet for mistakes in identifications. File:Johanna von Österreich.jpg was uploaded according to the attribution on the site www.kleio.org. The owner of this site is the classic example of the Fringe theories mental virus about portraiture. She is trying to find out the "correct portrait" for every well known person from history, very often without any rationale or credible sources.
'Head of a Woman', oil on panel painting by Sebastiano del Piombo (Sebastiano Luciani)2.jpg Bona Sforza, queen of Poland Ideal woman's head by Sebastiano del Piombo Another fantasy-attribution from www.kleio.org. File:Bona-Sforza-1.jpg was published there without naming its creator (Piombo) and dated 1517, before Bona left home for Poland. In fact it was painted in 1530s. Renamed and removed.
Woman with Order of Saint Catherine (18th c, Royal Coll.).jpg Catherine II of Russia Possibly Joanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp, her mother Portrait known in the Royal Collection of the UK as "Catherine II, Empress of Russia (1729-1796)" according to the inscription on its frame.

But please note the 1740-1750s style of painting, dress, and hairstyle, the age of the sitter (who would have been in her teens at that time) and the absence of similarity to the known portraits of Catherine II in those years. There is also an engraved portrait of her mother Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp, made by Johann Martin Bernigeroth in 1756 after the Anna Rosina de Gasc's portrait painting, which is very similar to this oil portrait. The painting in the Royal Collection might therefore be a copy of the de Gasc painting.

Liebesschale aus Gubbio Lucretia KGM (small).jpg Lucrezia Borgia Idealized image of a lady named "Lucrezia", possibly the Ancient Roman noblewoman Lucretia. The plate is from a large set of imaginary portraits of beautiful ladies on Majolica plates . File:Lucrecia Borgia plate.jpg was used in several wikis. Renamed and removed.
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg Queen Isabella I of Castile (d. 1504) 4th century saint Catherine of Alexandria from a 1520s painting
VirgenMosca.jpg
It is part of the large religious painting "La Virgen de la Mosca (Holy Family with Mary Magdalene and Catherine of Alexandria)" by an anonymous master. This painting was created circa 1520, fifteen years after Queen Isabella's death. The allegation that the queen is depicted as Saint Catherine came from a website without any authoritative citation, though the the identification is compatible with the artistic traditions of Medieval Europe. The file was uploaded in 2005 as File:Isabel la Católica-2.jpg, and it took a lot of work to find the whole source painting. This image is still in use in many wikis as Isabella's image, because it is a beautiful portrait of the famous queen, and all her authentic portraits (for example) show her old and fat.
Oscar Wilde 3.jpg Famous Russian Fin de siècle dandy-poet Igor Severyanin Great British Fin de siècle dandy-poet Oscar Wilde, his role model This mistake, originally from Wikipedia, spread not only on the web: the portrait was presented as Severyanin in several printed books of his poems (Славянский дом книги, ("Избранное", 2012 г., ISBN 9785915032131), "Азбука-Классика" ("Громокипящий кубок", 2010, ISBN 978-5-9985-0731-1)). The mistake may have resulted from confusion with one of Severyanin's photos where he intentionally imitated Wilde's pose.
Anonymous from Chelyabinsk museum (former A.Losenko self-portrait).jpg Anton Losenko's self-portrait (18th century)


Unknown 19th century German, possibly Nazarene, painted in Renaissance Revival style The painting was in the Rumyantsev Museum as a self-portrait by Losenko, but by the early 20th century the attribution was revised. However, the portrait still appears on the web as Losenko, and was used in an articles about him. Renamed, removed.
Mikhail Bonch-Bruevich.jpg Sergey Nikolayevich Myasoyedov (1865-1915), Russian colonel, executed (on false charges) as a spy during WW1


Possibly Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich (1870—1956), Russian and Soviet geodesist, officer during the First World War and the Civil War, Lieutenant-General in 1944 The man in the photo wears the epaulettes of a major-general, so it can't be Colonel Myasoedov, of whom no reliable images are known. The man in the photo has features similar to those of Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich.
Lucrezia Panciatichi by Angelo Bronzino.jpg Countess Elizabeth Báthory, famous Renaissance serial killer

Lucrezia Panciatichi, a respectable Florentine lady who lived half a century earlier

Painted by the great Italian artist Agnolo Bronzino, depicting the wife of the Florentine humanist. For some reason this painting is all over the web, mostly in blogs (vampire and fantasy themes), "converted" into an image of the the Blood Countess. The picture was even used on the VOGUE page. A motivational poster with it said: "Erzhbet Bathory. And remember, beauty is on the surface, the ugliness is inside". The mistake may have been influenced by the film "Bathory", where the main character wears a similar dress (shown here) .
Kitty Fisher and parrot, by Joshua Reynolds.jpg Lavinia Fisher, first American serial killer

Kitty Fisher, British courtesan and Reynolds's model, who was born fifty earlier

Reynolds' painting depicts not a murderer, but an earlier courtesan. The portrait was used in an article about killers in the Russian Wikipedia, and was downloaded from from here. Removed and corrected.
Marguerite d'Autriche.jpg Queen Juana the Mad

Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, her husband's sister

Portrait with the wrong name can be found on the web. Seems to be caused by the similarity to this portrait of Juana:
Johanna I van Castilië.JPG

In progress[edit]

Portrait Misidentified as Correct identification Description and actions
Nègre au turban by E.Delacroix.jpg Ганнибал, Абрам Петрович «Негр в тюрбане», рисунок Эжена Делакруа, 1820-е гг. (?) Иллюстрация была напечатана в 2005 году в иностранной книге о Ганнибале для иллюстрации негров в целом. После файл с названием File:Abram Petrovich Gannibal.jpg был загружен в википедию. Использовался в биографической статье о Ганнибале и других причастных статьях в качестве его портрета. Переименован, вычищен.
Ernestina Tyutcheva by G.Bodmer after I.Stiller (1833).jpg Денисьева, Елена Александровна, любовница поэта Тютчева Жена поэта Тютчева Ошибочно подписанный файл активно используется в интернете
1903 ball - Princess Olga K. Orlova (nee princess Beloselsky-Belozwersky).jpg 1903 ball - Princess Olga Konstantinovna Orlova (nee princess Beloselsky-Belozwersky) 2.jpg В разных источниках — Графиня Елена Орлова-Давыдова, графиня О.К.Орлова-Дымова, Gravin O. Orlova-Davydova Вероятно, Ольга Константиновна Орлова (1873—1923), урожд. княжна Белосельская-Белозерская, супруга князя Владимира Николаевича Орлова Согласно этому сообщению об ошибке, на фото - княгиня О. К. Орлова. Нужно проверить по источнику, указанному в сообщении об ошибке. На сайте Эрмитажа русское и английское описания отличались, но по состоянию на 21.04.2013 исправлены.
Boy Holding a Falcon, Qajar Dynasty (18th century).jpg Иоланда де Эно, императрица Латинской империи эпохи крестоносцев (12 век) "Мальчик с соколом", персидская миниатюра эпохи каджарской династии (18 век), видимо, отфотошопленный (Эрмитаж) В 2011-2012 гг. в Википедию был загружен большой массив файлов из некой The Lost Gallery на Flickr. Помимо реальных портретов монархов там находились новые самоделки - якобы портреты персон, изображений которых не сохранилось (примеры [1], [2], [3]). А также просто ошибочно подписанные картины, в число которых входил этот персидский мальчик/королева крестоносцев.

Вся категория была удалена, но некоторые файлы из нее успели просочиться в статьи и распространиться по интернету. И, что самое интересное, их начали загружать обратно в Википедию - а обнаруживать их намного сложнее, так как это теперь не один источник, а единичные вклады доброжелателей.

Adam Gustav von Ulrich by Wedekind.jpeg Антон Ульрих Брауншвейгский, муж Анны Леопольдовны (1714-1774) Адам Густав фон Ульрих (1710-1767), какой-то прибалтийский дворянин
Anton Ulrich (Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel).jpg
и другие портреты
Антон Ульрих Брауншвейгский, муж Анны Леопольдовны (1714-1774) Антон Ульрих Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельский (1633-1714), прадедушка предыдущего Также портреты несчастного мужа русской регентши путают с портретами его прадедушки Антона Ульриха Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельского [4]. Способ отличить предка от потомка - старший носит длинные парики с кудрями до плеч, которые ко времени жизни младшего давно уже вышли из моды.
E. Lilian Todd (1906).jpg Долгорукова, Софья Алексеевна, одна из первых женщин-пилотов E. Lilian Todd, одна из первых женщин-пилотов Файл использовался в русском разделе. Ошибка замечена анонимным пользователем "Княгиня Софья Андреевна Долгорукая - 1887 года рождения. Если следовать указанной информации, то получается, что в 1912 г. ей двадцать пять лет. Даме на фото значительно больше - около 60". Переименован и вычищен.
Unknown Monk (Skhimnik) at the Mount Athos, 1850s.jpg Инок Парфений (Агеев) афонский монах, странник и духовный писатель Неизвестный афонский схимник Фото инока Парфения не сохранилось. Ошибка возникла на сайте Святая гора Афон, откуда попала в Википедию, но на том же сайте ошибка была исправлена.
RusPortraits v5-016 La P-sse Prascovie Youriewna Gagarine, 1762-1848.jpg Княгиня Анна Гагарина, фаворитка Павла I Княгиня Прасковья Гагарина, ее родственница Фрагмент портрета с очень низким разрешением под названием File:Gagarina.jpg использовался в статьях, и даже появился на заглавной странице англ. википедии в разделе "знаете ли вы..." для иллюстрации факта из жизни фаворитки. Вынесен на удаление.
Vrangel, Aleksandr Egorovich.jpg Александр Евстафьевич Врангель (1804-1880) — российский военачальник, генерал от инфантерии. Александр Егорович Врангель (1833—1915) — барон, действительный тайный советник, камергер, правовед, дипломат. Друг Ф.М. Достоевского. Снимок (портрет?) сделан в 1858 году. Вот тут на фото справа внизу явно читается дата 1858, а Александр Евстафьевич в это время был уже в летах (54 года), к тому же — кадровый военный, полный генерал. А на снимке довольно молодой человек, да ещё и в партикулярном платье. Ошибка пошла, вероятно, с сайта rulex.ru], откуда был взят файл. Редактору сайта сообщено, в Википедии файл заменён.
Ritratto di giovinetta (possibly Isabella d'Este).jpg Катерина Боснийская, воспитывавшаяся в Италии "Портрет девушки" - возможно, Изабелла д'Эсте (?), графиня мантуанская, современница Катерины. Файл Originalni_portret_pretposljednje_bosanske_kraljice_Katarine.jpg использовался в статьях, переименован
Portrait of Caterina Coronaro 1542 uffizi florence Titian.jpg София Палеолог, византийка, в замужестве - великая русская княгиня (XVI век). Катерина Корнаро, венецианка, в замужестве - королева Кипра (XVI век) на портрете Тициана Портрет иллюстрировал в интернете статьи про Софию. Объяснимых причин, кроме того, что обе женщины выросли на берегах Средиземного моря в одно время - нет.
James II by Peter Lely.jpg Композитор Питер Лели Король Яков II, его современник Файл под названием File:Composer-Henry-Purcell.jpg (в зеркальном отражении) был загружен из сети[5], где фигурирует как изображение композитора. Выставлен на удаление
Eudoxia Lopukhina.jpg Царица Наталья Нарышкина, мать Петра I. Её невестка, царица Евдокия Лопухина, жена Петра I. Ошибка относительно данного портрета гуляет в подписях к гравюрам и литографиям еще с 18-19 веков. Откуда прокралась в википедию (файлы переименованы, ошибочность подписей отмечена), и продолжает бродить по интернету.
Antoine-Henri Jomini (Russian Biographical Dictionary).jpg Александр Генрихович Жомини (1814—1888) — русский дипломат. Его отец, Генрих Жомини (Antoine-Henri Jomini; 1779—1869) — генерал, военный теоретик Ошибка пришла с rulex.ru (куда исходно попала из Брокгауза) и продолжает бродить по интернету. Файл переименован и включён в категорию, из статьи убран.
Preparing for a Fancy Dress Ball by William Etty YORAG 2009 6.jpg Sisters Darya and Maria Benkendorf - Дарья Ливен и Мария Шевич Сестры Шарлотта и Мэри Уильямс-Уинн, картина Preparing for a Fancy Dress Ball, Картина английского художника Уильяма Этти изображает девушек, которые даже судя по платьям принадлежат к следующему поколению.
Gau-portret-goncharovojj.jpg Мария Лазич, возлюбленная Фета Наталья Гончарова, жена Пушкина
Catherine Alex. Sushkova (Khvostova).jpg Мария Лазич, возлюбленная Фета Екатерина Сушкова, возлюбленная Лермонтова
Portrait of Maria Botkina.jpg Боткина, Мария Петровна (1828—1894), жена Фета. Или опять Мария Лазичи. Боткина, Мария Павловна (1875–1952), ур. Третьякова, жена ее племянника. Путаница явно из-за фамилии и инициала, но выбор портрета Серова страннен - эпоха же совсем другая.
Lorenzo Lotto 076.jpg Аристотель Фьораванти Портрет неизвестного, т.н. "Портрет архитектора". Использовался во многих языковых проектах
Moritz Karl Wilhelm Strachwitz Litho.jpg Иван Иванович Фундуклей Moritz Graf von Strachwitz Обработанные фрагменты портрета используются в интернете.