Commons:维基媒体外的内容二次使用

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Reusing content outside Wikimedia and the translation is 9% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Reusing content outside Wikimedia and have to be approved by a translation administrator.
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ShortcutCOM:REUSE

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The Wikimedia Foundation owns almost none of the content on Wikimedia sites — the content is owned, instead, by the individual creators of it. However, almost all content hosted on Wikimedia Commons may be freely reused subject to certain restrictions (in many cases). You do not need to obtain a specific statement of permission from the licensor(s) of the content unless you wish to use the work under different terms than the license states.

  • Content under open content licenses may be reused without any need to contact the licensor(s), but just keep in mind that:
    • some licenses require that the original creator be attributed;
    • some licenses require that the specific license be identified when reusing (including, in some cases, stating or linking to the terms of the license);
    • some licenses require that if you modify the work, your modifications must also be similarly freely licensed; and finally.
  • Content in the public domain may not have a strict legal requirement of attribution (depending on the jurisdiction of content reuse), but attribution is recommended to give correct provenance.

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each image is believed to be accurate, the Wikimedia Foundation does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse files from Commons, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

Other restrictions may apply. These may include trademarks, patents, personality rights, 精神權利, privacy rights, or any of the many other legal causes which are independent of copyright and vary greatly by jurisdiction.

如何遵守授权许可

点击所有项目中的图像后会显示此图像的信息。此清单为上传者提供,包括版权状况、版权所有者和授权条件。[1]

Except for materials believed to be in the public domain, a link to the full text of the license(s) is included on the file description page. Some licenses also have a summary available. Please read the full licenses for legal details. Neither the Wikimedia Foundation nor the creators of material on Wikimedia sites provide legal advice. If you need information about how a license applies to your particular situation, you should contact a suitable legal professional in your jurisdiction.

To reuse a Wikimedia Commons file:

1 Confirm that the file is available under license terms that suit you. For example, if the license requires derivative works to carry the same license (Creative Commons licenses call this "ShareAlike"), that may not suit you.

  • If the file is available under multiple licenses, you can use any of them. If none of the licenses suits you, you can try to contact the creator and negotiate a special arrangement. Otherwise, you'll have to use a different file.
  • Verify licensing and facts. While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each image is believed to be accurate, the Wikimedia Foundation does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse files from Commons, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.
    • Note: it is common for publishers to take public domain works and republish them under their own copyright. This may be legal, but it does not affect the public domain status of the original work. If you tag the work with its origin (where you got it and where it came from originally) and the name of the creator, this can help us if a dispute with such a publisher arises later.

2 Consider non-copyright restrictions: in some countries non-copyright restrictions (inalienable 精神權利 and other restrictions) may apply to the file for some uses. For example, commercial use of images of people may require the explicit agreement of the subject, and not just the agreement of the image creator (see 共享資源:可辨識的人物照片#Country-specific consent requirements and Commons on personality rights).

3 Use it: Download or hotlink the file, and use it. (See Commons:维基媒体外的内容二次使用/technical.)

4 Attribution: If attribution is required, provide attribution.

  • If the copyright holder (usually the content creator[2]) has specified how, be sure to follow this. If the copyright holder has not specified how to attribute, but the license requires attribution, see Commons:Credit line/zh for a guide on how to do it.
  • Note: The person who uploaded the work to Wikimedia Commons may be the original content creator or they may not (they may have uploaded free content from elsewhere). In either case, the original content creator is typically listed in the file summary section as author. If the uploader is not the content creator, it is the content creator who must be credited, not the uploader.

5 Specify license details: If the license requires you to link to or provide a copy of the license, do this.

6 Licensing derivatives: If you are creating a substantially new work using the file ("derivative work") and the file's license requires you to license derivatives in a certain way, be sure you comply with this.

使用於维基共享计划的版权

Except for materials believed to be in the public domain, a link to the full text of the license(s) is included on the file description page. Some licenses also have a summary available. Please read the full licenses for legal details. Neither the Wikimedia Foundation nor the creators of material on Wikimedia sites provide legal advice. If you need information about how a license applies to your particular situation, you should contact a suitable legal professional in your jurisdiction.

Icon Text.svg 文字
所有除维基新闻以外维基媒体项目中的文字版权均属于原创者,其授权形式为Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 licenseGNU Free Documentation License。 少数原创者会以其他授权形式保护版权或公开在公共域名。
Crystal 128 kview.png 图像
几乎所有维基媒体中的图像都为某种自由授权 (常见的为 CC-BY、 CC-BY-SA、 或 GFDL) 或在公有领域。 见 共享资源:许可协议。点击所有项目中的图像后会显示此图像的信息。此清单为上传者提供,包括版权状况、版权所有者和授权条件。$ref
维基媒体基金会的标志与其特定计划的标志(如维基百科与维基共享资源),是维基媒体基金会的注册标志,受版权保护。这些标志一般不会用做其他用途,尽管可以明确允许使用于报导关于维基媒体基金会的媒体或新闻。个别地方的合理使用法律(如学术或特定用途)可能受到运用。如果需要使用,请联系维基媒体基金会。

Pictogram voting info.svg Commons:维基媒体外的内容二次使用/licenses provides some guidance on the requirements of the frequently-used licenses such as CC-BY, CC-BY-SA, GFDL and GPL/LGPL.


How to use a file

Once you've determined how to comply with a file's licensing requirements, you can access the file for use, by either downloading the file, or by linking to it directly.

Downloading

Basic method: On each image's file description page, there is a link to the full resolution version. Right-click this link and choose "Save as..." to download the full resolution file. (If you use a Macintosh computer, hold down the "control" key while clicking the link with the mouse, then choose "Save as....")

Hotlinking or InstantCommons: It is possible to use files directly on Commons within another website, by setting up a MediaWiki wiki with InstantCommons, so that Commons files can be used as easily as they can on Wikipedia. Directly using a Commons file via embedding its URL ("hotlinking") is also possible, but is not recommended. See Commons:维基媒体外的内容二次使用/technical. Additionally you should always check if the needs of the license used by the file are fulfilled if you use a file from Commons, since e.g. the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license requires that you attribute the author and licensor of a work in "reasonable to the medium or means" (license).


Reuse assistance tools

Wikimedia Commons - Stockphoto gadget.png

A tool is available to help you reuse files outside Wikimedia Commons, including downloading and creating attribution statements (credit lines). The tool requires

  • a browser other than Internet Explorer (eg Firefox, Chrome, Opera)
  • JavaScript enabled
  • If you're logged in, Vector or Monobook skin enabled in your Wikimedia Commons user preferences. (Vector is the standard skin - if you've not changed this, your skin is Vector.)

The tool creates buttons above an image (if you're logged in), or to the top right (if not). For details see 帮助:Gadget-Stockphoto.

Attribution Generator

The Attribution Generator makes it easy to reuse images that have been released under Creative Commons licenses on Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons. It is designed to help comply with these license conditions and simplify the re-use of freely licensed images.


Contacting the uploader or content creator

If you wish to use content under terms other than the license stated, or to absolutely verify copyright status if you feel you need to, the person who put it onto a Wikimedia server may be able to assist. The uploader is named on the "file history" portion of the file description page.

In some cases, you may be able to contact the uploader to find out more about an image's copyright status or for information on the original creator. The original creator of the image may be willing to grant additional permissions and may have access to higher resolution images than those present on the Wikimedia servers.

The Wikimedia Foundation generally cannot assist in locating users who have contributed material. You can try to contact contributors yourself in a number of ways:

  1. Some have contact information, such as a name and address or phone number, on their user page.
  2. If you're logged in: Some can be contacted by email by clicking the "Email this user" link in the toolbox on their user page.
  3. You can leave a message on their talk page by clicking on the "Discussion" tab at the top of the user page, and then clicking the "Add topic" tab that appears next to the "Edit" tab once the discussion page is visible. Enter your message and click "Publish changes" (Your message will be visible to the public.)
  4. When free content is brought to Commons from elsewhere, a link to the source (e.g. a Flickr page) is often included in the file description on Commons. That source may have additional information for contacting the content creator.

注意,有部份维基服务器中的内容不是以自有版权发布的,尤其是某些在中文维基百科上的图像。它们之中的多数是根据美国版权法中「合理使用」的条款使用。在你再次使用这些内容前,你应该确保你计划使用素材的方式符合「合理使用」、「公平处理」或当地适用之著作权法中相同的条款。虽然这是一个著作权法中的复杂领域,但如果你不是这领域的专家,你可能会希望寻求符合法规的建议。

  1. Be sure that the content you wish to use is actually hosted on Commons, and not locally on another Wikimedia project (check that the URL says commons.wikimedia.org, and not something else). Other projects have other licensing policies, and some permit "合理使用" of non-free content. Before reusing such non-free content yourself, you should check that your planned use of the material is consistent with the fair use, fair dealing or equivalent provisions of locally applicable copyright law or you obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. This is no different from grabbing an image from anywhere else on the web.
  2. Absent some explicit transfer of ownership, the original creator is typically the owner of a copyrighted work. In situations where a free license requires attribution, the original content creator should receive credit.

    • Text: the writer of a piece of text will be the person who made the edit putting it in the page; see the "history" tab of the relevant page.
    • Images and media:
      • the uploader of an image or piece of media is the person who placed it on a Wikimedia server.
      • The uploader may be the original content creator or they may not (they may have uploaded free content here from elsewhere). In either case, the original content creator is typically listed in the file summary section as author.

参见

Help

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