Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Aruba

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Aruba relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Aruba must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Aruba and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Aruba, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.


Aruba is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea. Aruba was administered as a colony of the Netherlands until May 1948, when the Netherlands Antilles was granted considerable autonomy. The Netherlands Antilles, which included Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten and Saba, became an equal partner to the Netherlands in the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 15 December 1954. On 1 January 1986 Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles and became a country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The other countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands are the Netherlands, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. The citizens of these countries are all Dutch nationals.

Standard rules

The relevant law is the Landsbesluit van 23 oktober 2003 no. 9. The text is available on Wikisource at s:nl:Auteursverordening (Aruba). The Aruba Bureau of Intellectual Property gives an overview as of 2007.[1] The law is retroactive.[2003 Article 44]

  • Copyright lasts for the life of the author plus 50 years, expiring at the end of the calendar year.[2003 Article 38]
  • For joint works, copyright lasts for 50 years after the death of the last surviving author.[2003 Article 38]
  • For anonymous works, copyright lasts until 50 years after the year in which it was first publicly disclosed.[2003 Article 39]
  • Copyright lasts until 50 years after the year in which it was first publicly disclosed for posthumous works, works by public entities and companies.[2003 Article 39]
  • Copyright of motion pictures and photographic works last until 50 years after the year in which it was first publicly disclosed.[2003 Article 41]

Not protected


See also: Commons:Unprotected works

No copyright protection is granted on:

  • Laws, decrees and regulations issued by the public authorities.[2003 Article 11]
  • Court-sentences and/or administrative rulings.[2003 Article 11]
  • Any other work published by the public authorities, except in those events of reserved rights, be it in general by laws, decrees, or regulations, or in a specific case showed by a statement on the work itself or at its publication.[2003 Article 11]


See also: Commons:Currency

 Not OK The copyright on Aruban banknotes is owned by the Central Bank of Aruba.[2]

Freedom of panorama

See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama

OK There is no infringement of copyright in copies of a work that is permanently displayed in public where the size of the copy and the way in which it is made are clearly different from the original work, and in the case of buildings is limited to the exterior.[2003 Article 18]

See also


  1. Bureau of Intellectual Property, Aruba (25 April 2007) Copyrights Answers[1]
  2. Banknotes and Coins. Centrale Bank van Aruba (2018). Retrieved on 2018-12-03.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. See also: Commons:General disclaimer