Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Grèce

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Greece and the translation is 63% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Greece and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de la Grèce applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire des Grèce doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Grèce et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de la Grèce, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Lois applicables

La Grèce est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 9 novembre 1920, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 1er janvier 1995 et du traité de l'OMPI depuis le 14 mars 2010.[1]

En 2018, l'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), une agence des Nations Unies, mentionne la loi n° 2121/1993 sur le droit d'auteur, les droits voisins et les affaires culturelles (tel qu'amendé par la loi n° 4531/2018) comme étant la principale loi sur le droit d'auteur promulguée par la législature de la Grèce.[1] L'OMPI conserve le texte de cette loi dans sa base de données WIPO Lex (en anglais).[2]

Durée du droit d'auteur

Under Law No. 2121/1993 as amended up to Law No. 4531/2018,

  • Copyright lasts for the author’s life and for 70 years after his death, calculated from 1 January of the year after the author’s death.[2121/2018 Article 29(1)]
  • Copyright for works of joint authorship lasts for the life of the last surviving author and 70 years after his death, calculated from 1 January of the year after the death of the last surviving author.[2121/2018 Article 30(1)]
  • Copyright for musical compositions with words where the music and lyrics are created specifically for the composition is the same as for works of joint authorship.[2121/2018 Article 30(2)]
  • Copyright for anonymous and pseudonymous works lasts 70 years from 1 January of the year after the year when it was made lawfully accessible to the public, as long as the author is not identified in that period.[2121/2018 Article 31(1)]
  • The term of protection of audiovisual works expires 70 years after the death of the last survivor of the principal director, the author of the screenplay, the author of the dialogue and the composer of the music specifically created for use in the audiovisual work.[2121/2018 Article 31(3)]
  • After expiry of the period of copyright protection, the State, represented by the Minister of Culture, may exercise the rights relating to the acknowledgment of the author’s paternity and the rights relating to the protection of the integrity of the work deriving from the moral rights.[2121/2018 Article 29(2)] This clause may prevent the creation of certain types of derivative work, even after the copyright has expired, as the State has the right to prohibit any distortion, mutilation or other modification of the original work.
  • Any person who, after the expiry of copyright protection, for the first time lawfully publishes or lawfully communicates to the public a previously unpublished work, shall benefit from a protection equivalent to the economic rights of the author. The term of the protection is 25 years from the time when the work was first lawfully published or lawfully communicated to the public and is calculated from 1 January of the year after the first lawful publication or communication to the public”.[2121/2018 Article 51A]

Work for hire

The economic right to works created by employees (under any work relation) of the Government or a legal entity of public law in execution of their duties is transferred to the employer, unless provided otherwise by contract.[2121/2018 Article 8]

Œuvres collectives

The term “collective work” shall designate any work created through the independent contribution of several authors acting under the intellectual direction and coordination of one natural person. That natural person shall be the initial right holder of the economic right and the moral right in the collective work. Each author of a contribution shall be the initial right holder of the economic right and the moral right in his own contribution, provided that that contribution is capable of separate exploitation.[2121/2018 Article 7(2)]

Œuvres non couvertes par les droits d'auteur

Under Law No. 2121/1993 as amended up to Law No. 4531/2018, there is no copyright protection for official texts expressive of the authority of the State, notably legislative, administrative or judicial texts, nor for expressions of folklore, news information or simple facts and data.[2121/2018 Article 2.5]

Monuments et antiquités

Photography of ancient monuments and antiquities is allowed only for personal use. The Greek Government requires payment of a fee for publishing images of monuments and antiquities and claims copyright on them. This is specified in a Ministerial Decision published in Government Gazette issue B-1491/2005-10-27, paragraph 2.1.5. However, such images are still acceptable on Commons, see Commons:Copyright rules by subject matter:Museum and interior photography.

Bandeaux de licence

COM:TAG Greece

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-GreekGov}} – for images which are part of official legislative, administrative or judicial documents issued by the Greek Government.


COM:CUR Greece

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

X mark.svg Pas d'accord According to the Greek legislation, neither the Bank of Greece not any other Greek authority is competent to provide you or any other interested party with any kind of permission to use the image of the Greek drachmae banknotes. However, without prejudice to the moral right of the designer recognized under Greek law (Law 2121/1993, as in force), there is no legal provision prohibiting the reproduction of drachmae banknotes.

Liberté de panorama

COM:FOP Greece

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

X mark.svg Pas d'accord {{NoFoP-Greece}}

Under Law No. 2121/1993 as amended up to Law No. 4531/2018, "occasional/casual reproduction and communication by the mass media of images of architectural works, fine art works, photographs or works of applied art, which are sited permanently in a public place, shall be permissible, without the consent of the author and without payment."[2121/2018 Article 26]

It remains unclear what exactly "occasional/casual reproduction and communication by the mass media" encompasses. Even if "communication by the mass media" is seen as an extension of mere "reproduction", the interpretation of "occasional/casual" reproduction remain to be clarified by jurisdiction or an scholarly interpretation. See talk page for a discussion.

Copyright ends 70 years after the author's death. After that, the government might claim moral rights under certain conditions.[2121/2018 Article 29(2)]

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

Copyrighted Stamps by artists deceased more than 70 years ago (or pseudonymously designed more than 70 years ago, before 1 January 1949) are free. The copyright status of all other stamps issued before 1970 is disputed (possibly {{PD-GreekGov}} as government administrative documents). Stamps issued since 1970 follow the 70 years pma rule.

Voir aussi


  1. a b Greece Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  2. Law No. 2121/1993 on Copyright, Related rights and Cultural Matters (as amended up to Law No. 4531/2018). Greece (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux