Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Indonesia

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Copyright rules: Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia
Map of Indonesia
Standard Life + 70 years
Photograph Publish + 50 years
Anonymous Publish + 50 years
Audiovisual Publish + 50 years
Applied art Publish + 25 years
Common licence tags {{PD-old-auto}}
ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 IDN
Berne convention 5 September 1997
WTO member 1 January 1995
URAA restoration date 1 January 1996
WIPO treaty 6 March 2002

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Indonesia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Indonesia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Indonesia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Indonesia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.


The Dutch East Indies was a colony of the Netherlands until 1949, when it gained independence as Indonesia. East Timor (Timor-Leste) broke away from Indonesia and became officially independent on 20 May 2002.

Indonesia has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995, the Berne Convention since 5 September 1997 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 6 March 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 28 of September 16, 2014, on Copyright as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Indonesia.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under the Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 28 of September 16, 2014, on Copyright,

  • The standard copyright term for literary, musical, fine art and architectural works is the author's life + 70 years.[58/2014 Article 58(1)]
  • For works of joint authorship, protection lasts for the life of the last surviving author + 70 years.[58/2014 Article 58(2)]
  • For works authored by legal entities, protection lasts for 50 years from publication.[58/2014 Article 58(3)]
  • A term of 50 years from publication applies to anonymous or pseudonymous work.[58/2014 Article 60(2)]
  • For photographs, portraits, cinematographic works, derived works and collected works, copyright lasts for 50 years from publication.[58/2014 Article 59(1)]
  • For works of applied art protection lasts for 25 years since the first publication.[58/2014 Article 59(2)]

Photographic works from Indonesia published before 1971 may be in the public domain in the United States if they were published without a copyright notice and not published in the US within 30 days after their Indonesian publication. Law No. 6 of April 12, 1982 concerning Copyright, as amended by Law No. 7 of September 19, 1987, the copyright law in effect at the time of the URAA, prescribed a 25-year post-publication copyright for photographic works, so works published before 1971 would have been public domain at the time of the URAA.

Not protected

Indonesian Copyright Act No. 28, 2014 is based on Netherlands law and retains the same distinction between works with "no copyright" and works that may be used "without infringement of Copyright".

According to Article 42, the following works have no copyright: result of open meetings of State institutions; laws and regulations; State speeches or speeches of government officials; court decisions or judge provisions; scriptures or religious symbols. These works are in the public domain and should be tagged with {{PD-IDNoCopyright}}.

According to Article 43, Acts that are not considered as Copyright infringements include:

  • Publication, Distribution, Communication, and/or Reproduction of State emblems and national anthem in accordance with their original nature;
  • Any Publication, Distribution, Communication, and/or Reproduction executed by or on behalf of the government, unless stated to be protected by laws and regulations, a statement to such Works, or when Publication, Distribution, Communication, and/or Reproduction to such Works are made.
  • Taking of actual news, either in whole or in part from a news agency, Broadcasting Organization, and newspaper or other similar sources provided that the source is fully cited;
  • Production and distribution of the Copyrighted content through information technology and communication media that are not commercial and/or lucrative for the Author or related parties, or the Author expresses no objection to the manufacture and dissemination in question.
  • Reproduction, Publication, and/or Distribution of Portraits of the President, Vice President, former Presidents, former Vice Presidents, National Heroes, heads of State institutions, heads of ministries/non-ministerial government agencies, and/or the heads of regions by taking into account the dignity and appropriateness in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations.

These works may be uploaded to Commons and tagged with {{PD-IDGov}}.

Copyright tags

COM:TAG Indonesia

See also: Commons:Copyright tags

  • {{PD-IDGov}} – Indonesian public domain because the artwork/file was published and/or distributed by the government of Republic of Indonesia and fulfills the conditions of Chapter II, Section 5, Article 14 of the Indonesian Copyright Act No. 19, 2002, see Commons:Licensing.
  • {{PD-IDOld-Art29}} – Indonesia public domain of old writings, music, arts, architecture, lectures, maps and translation products.
  • {{PD-IDOld-Art30}} – Indonesian public domain of old pictures, movies, software and other engineered products.
  • {{PD-IDOld-Art58}} – Public domain because its copyright has expired according to Article 58 of the 2014 Law
  • {{PD-IDOld-Art59}} – Public domain because its copyright has expired according to Article 59 of the 2014 Law
  • {{PD-IDUnknown}} – Public domain because its copyright has expired according to section (2) and (3) from Articles 60
  • {{PD-IDNoCopyright}} – no copyright according to Article 42 of the Indonesia Copyright Law No 28, 2014


COM:CUR Indonesia

See also: Commons:Currency

✓OK Article 14b of the Indonesian Copyright Act No. 19, 2002 states that "publication and/or reproduction of anything which is published by or on behalf of the Government, except if the Copyright is declared to be protected by law or regulation or by a statement on the work itself or at the time the work is published" is not an "infringement of Copyright". Indonesian banknotes are issued by Bank Indonesia and its predecessor Bank Negara Indonesia, which from 1953 to 1968 was "a corporate body belonging to the state" (Act No.11 of 1953), from 1968 to 1999 "belongs to the state" (Act No.17 of 1968) and from 1999 onwards is "a state institution:, and they thus fall under the aegis of Article 14b.[3]

Please use {{PD-IDGov}} for images of Indonesian currency.

Freedom of panorama

COM:FOP Indonesia

See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg Not OK, with exception on educational purpose and non-commercial use. There is no freedom of panorama under the Indonesian Copyright Act No. 28, 2014 (Chapter VI Copyright Limitations, Articles 43-51).


See also: Commons:Stamps/Public domain

Public domain use {{PD-IDGov}}.

See also


  1. a b Indonesia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 28 of September 16, 2014, on Copyright. Indonesia (2014). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Act No.23 of 1999 concerning Bank Indonesia, Article 4(2).
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. See also: Commons:General disclaimer