Commons:Нормы авторского права по территории/Иран

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Iran relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Iran must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Iran and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Iran, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Governing laws

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the 1970 Act for Protection of Authors, Composers and Artists Rights (Copyright Law) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Iran.[1] The Islamic Parliament Research Center Of The Islamic Republic of Iran holds the Farsi text of this law.[2] WIPO holds an English translation of the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[3]

General rules

According to the 1970 Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artist Rights,

  • Copyrightable works, such as literary, musical works, paintings, designs and decorative writings, architectural works and buildings, carpet and rug designs, sculptures and photographs are in public domain in the following cases:
    • The creator(s) died more than 50 years ago. (Reformation of article 12 - 22 August 2010)
    • The creator(s) died before 22 August 1980, for works that their copyright expired before 22 August 2010 according to the 1970 law.
      • In the case of works of joint authorship, the date of the death of the last surviving author shall be considered alone for the calculation of the time of protection.
  • "Article 16. In the following cases, the author's financial rights will be valid for a period of 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation:
1. Photographic or cinematographic works.
2. In cases where the work belongs to a person of legal position."
Note that this speaks only to financial rights and does not limit the author's exclusive right to publish, etc. The work is therefore not in the public domain.
Copyright notes

Copyright notes
Согласно циркуляру 38a. следующие страны не являются участниками Бернской конвенции или иных договоров по авторскому праву с Соединёнными Штатами: Восточный Тимор, Ирак, Иран, Науру, Палау, Сан-Марино, Сомали, Эритрея, Эфиопия, Южный Судан.

Таким образом, произведения, опубликованные гражданами этих стран на их территории, как правило, не подлежат защите авторских прав за пределами этих стран. Следовательно, такие работы могут быть в свободном доступе в большинстве других стран мира.

Тем не менее
  • Произведения, опубликованные в этих странах гражданами или постоянными жителями других стран, подписавших Бернскую конвенцию или любой другой договор об авторском праве, будут по-прежнему охраняться в их стране и на международном уровне, а также на местном уровне местным законодательством об авторском праве.
  • Аналогичным образом, работы, опубликованные за пределами этих стран в течение 30 дней после публикации в этих странах, также обычно подлежат охране в зарубежной стране публикации. Если на произведения распространяется авторское право за пределами этих стран, срок такой защиты авторских прав может превышать срок действия авторских прав внутри них.
  • Неопубликованные работы из этих стран могут быть полностью защищены авторским правом.
  • Произведение из одной из этих стран может быть защищено авторским правом в Соединенных Штатах в соответствии с URAA, если страна происхождения произведения заключает договор об авторском праве или соглашение с Соединенными Штатами, и произведение все еще находится под авторским правом в своей стране.

Иран принял закон об авторском праве, который вступил в силу 12 января 1970 года, и сообщил официальный английский перевод в ЮНЕСКО 20 апреля 1970 года.

Шаблоны лицензий

Сокращение
COM:TAG Iran

Смотрите также: Commons:Шаблоны лицензий

  • {{PD-Iran}} – копирайт на фотографии и кинофильмы истекает через 30 лет с момента публикации или представления, на остальные изображения — спустя 30 лет со смерти автора.

Currency

Сокращение
COM:CUR Iran

Смотрите также: Commons:Валюта

  • X mark.svg Нет For coins and banknotes designed after 21 March 1988 (current year minus 31 years)

According to the 1970 Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artist Rights, Iran banknotes and coins designed after 21 March 1988 are copyrighted and their copyright belong to Central Bank of Iran.

  • Symbol OK.svgДа For coins and banknotes designed before 22 March 1989 (current year minus 30 years)

According to the 1970 Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artist Rights, Iran banknotes and coins designed before 22 March 1989 become public domain after 30 years since, "In the following cases images fall into public domain after 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation (Article 16): In cases where the work belongs to a legal personality or rights are transferred to a legal personality." Iran banknotes and coins are copyrighted and their copyright belong to Central Bank of Iran which is a "legal personality".

Please use {{Iranian currency}} for banknotes/coinage designed before 22 March 1989.

Freedom of panorama

Сокращение
COM:FOP Iran

Смотрите также: Commons:Свобода панорамы

X mark.svg Нет There is no usable FoP provision in the copyright law of Iran.

According to article 2 of copyright law of Iran (passed on January 1, 1970) architectural works, designs, sketches and buildings and sculptures of all types are protected by copyright law.

According to article 12 of copyright law of Iran, such works remain on protection for a period of 50 years (Reformation of article 12 - 22 August 2010) after the death of its author(s). Also according to article 13, copyright of the works which produced on order by an employer belongs to the employer for a period of thirty years from the date of production. In cases where the work belongs to a legal personality or rights are transferred to a legal personality, it will go into the public domain after 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation (Article 16).[2]

Stamps

Смотрите также: Почтовые марки / Общественное достояние

Red copyright.svg: All stamps published before 22 March 1989 are in the public domain because according to the Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artist Rights, Iran stamps designed before 22 March 1989 become public domain after 30 years since, "In the following cases images fall into public domain after 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation (Article 16): In cases where the work belongs to a legal personality or rights are transferred to a legal personality." Iranian stamps are copyrighted and their copyright belong to Iran Post which is a "legal personality".

Threshold of originality

Сокращение
COM:TOO Iran

Смотрите также: Commons:Порог оригинальности

X mark.svg Нет for most logos. The level of originality required for copyright protection in Iran seems very low.

The following are registrable for copyright protection: "(...) pictures, drawings, designs, decorative writings, (...) or any decorative and imaginative work produced in any simple or complex manner "

See also

Citations

  1. Iran Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. a b قانون حمایت حقوق مؤلفان و مصنفان و هنرمندان (Act for Protection of Authors, Composers and Artists Rights) (in Farsi). Islamic Parliament Research Center Of The Islamic Republic of Iran.
  3. Act for Protection of Authors, Composers and Artists Rights (Copyright Law)[1], Iran, 1970
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Смотрите также: Commons:Отказ от ответственности