Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Irlande

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Ireland and the translation is 69% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Ireland and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de l'Irlande applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de l'Irlande doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Irlande et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de l'Irlande, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Lois applicables

L'Irlande est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 5 octobre 1927, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 1er janvier 1995 et du traité de l'OMPI sur les droits d'auteur depuis le 14 mars 2010.[1]

En 2018, l'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), une agence des Nations Unies, mentionne la Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (No. 28 de 2000) comme étant la principale loi sur le droit d'auteur promulguée par la législature de l'Irlande.[1] L'OMPI conserve le texte de cette loi dans sa base de données WIPO Lex (en anglais).[2] Cette loi a été amendée par la Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment) Act de 2004, qui a clairement établi qu'une œuvre pouvait être présentée au public sans qu'il y ait violation des droits d'auteur[3]. Elle a été amendée par la suite par la Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment) Act de 2007, qui a clarifié la question de la location par les bibliothèques publiques.[4]

Règles générales

Under the Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (No. 28 of 2000),

  • The copyright in a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work, or an original database expires 70 years after the death of the author, irrespective of the date on which the work is first lawfully made available to the public.[28/2000 Sec.24(1)]
  • The copyright in a work specified in subsection (1) which is anonymous or pseudonymous expires 70 years after the date on which the work is first lawfully made available to the public.[28/2000 Sec.24(2)]
    • In respect of an anonymous or pseudonymous work (a) where the pseudonym adopted by the author leaves no doubt as to his or her identity, (b) where the author discloses his or her identity, or (c) where his or her identity becomes known during the 70 years from the date on which the work is first lawfully made available to the public, the copyright in that work expires 70 years after the death of that author.[28/2000 Sec.24(3)]
  • Subject to subsection 25(2), the copyright in a film expires 70 years after the last of the following persons dies, namely: (a) the principal director of the film; (b) the author of the screenplay of the film; (c) the author of the dialogue of the film; (d) the author of music specifically composed for use in the film.[28/2000 Sec.25(1)]
    • Where a film is first lawfully made available to the public during the period of 70 years following the death of the last of the persons specified in subsection (1), the copyright in that film expires 70 years after the date of such making available.[28/2000 Sec.25(2)]
  • The copyright in a sound recording expires (a) 50 years after the sound recording is made, or (b) where it is first lawfully made available to the public during the period specified in paragraph (a), 50 years after the date of such making available.[28/2000 Sec.26]
  • The copyright in a broadcast expires 50 years after the broadcast is first lawfully transmitted.[28/2000 Sec.27(1)]
  • The copyright in a cable programme expires 50 years after the cable programme is first lawfully included in a cable programme service.[28/2000 Sec.28(1)]
  • The copyright in a typographical arrangement of a published edition expires 50 years after the date on which it is first lawfully made available to the public.[28/2000 Sec.29]
  • Where a term of copyright is provided for in this Act, the term shall be calculated from the first day of January of the year following the event that gives rise to that term.[28/2000 Sec.35]

Droits d'auteur du gouvernement

  • Where a work is made by an officer or employee of the Government or of the State, in the course of his or her duties, the work qualifies for copyright protection...[28/2000 Sec.191(1)]
  • The Government shall be the first owner of the copyright in a work to which subsection (1) applies.[28/2000 Sec.191(2)]
  • Government copyright in a work shall expire 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.[28/2000 Sec.191(4)]
  • Where a work is made by or under the direction or control of either or both of the Houses of the Oireachtas, the work qualifies for copyright protection...[28/2000 Sec.193(1)]
  • Oireachtas copyright in a work shall expire 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.[28/2000 Sec.193(3)]

Bandeaux de licence

Raccourci
COM:TAG Ireland

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-IrishGov}} – Œuvres du gouvernement irlandais, généralement mises dans le domaine public 50 ans après leur création.

Monnaie

Raccourci
COM:CUR Ireland

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

X mark.svg Pas d'accord Irish money is copyrighted. According to the Copyright Law of 2000, Chapter 24: Copyright: Legal Tender; Irish coins and bank notes are copyrighted, even if issued before that provision became effective.[28/2000 Sec.200(3)] That is, older coins and bank notes are retroactively placed under copyright. The copyright on legal tender is perpetual, i.e. does not expire at all. The act applies to all coins and banknotes issued since 1926.[28/2000 Sec.200(9)]

De minimis

Raccourci
COM:DM Ireland

Voir aussi : Commons:De minimis

Under the Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (No. 28 of 2000),

  • The copyright in a work is not infringed by its inclusion in an incidental manner in another work.[28/2000 Sec.52(1)]
  • A work shall not be regarded as included in an incidental manner in another work where it is included in a manner where the interests of the owner of the copyright are unreasonably prejudiced.[28/2000 Sec.52(3)]

According to Pascal Kamina, the Irish legislation is similar to the legislation in the United Kingdom from 1988.[5]

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Ireland

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Ireland}} for 2D copies of buildings, sculptures and works of artistic craftsmanship.
X mark.svg Pas d'accord for other types of artistic work.

Under the Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (No. 28 of 2000), Section 93,

  • This section applies to the copyright in (a) buildings, and (b) sculptures, models for buildings and works of artistic craftsmanship, where permanently situated in a public place or in premises open to the public.[28/2000 Sec.93(1)]
  • The copyright in a work to which this section applies is not infringed by (a) making a painting, drawing, diagram, map, chart, plan, engraving, etching, lithograph, woodcut, print or similar thing representing it, (b) making a photograph or film of it, or (c) broadcasting or including in a cable programme service, an image of it.[28/2000 Sec.93(2)]
  • The copyright in a work to which this section applies is not infringed by the making available to the public of copies of anything the making of which is not, by virtue of this section, an infringement of the copyright in the work.[28/2000 Sec.93(3)]

The Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment) Act 2004 clarified the position:

  • For the avoidance of doubt, no infringement of any right created by this Part in relation to an artistic or literary work occurs by reason of the placing on display the work, or a copy thereof, in a place or premises to which members of the public have access.[28/2000-2004 Sec.40(7(a))] This does not, however, allow distribution of copies of artistic works.

La loi irlandaise est calquée sur la loi du Royaume-Uni, et en l'absence de jugement spécifique contraire, il est raisonnable de partir du principe que les règles seront similaires. Voir Commons:Copyright rules by territory/United Kingdom#Freedom of panorama pour plus de détails.

Seuil d'originalité

Raccourci
COM:TOO Ireland

Voir aussi : Commons:Seuil d’originalité Pictogram-voting-question.svg Inconnu

Despite uncertainty on the required level of originality needed to qualify for copyright protection, images that have been retained on Commons include:

Image Description Discussion
ISPCA official logo.png ISPCA official logo Commons:Deletion requests/File:ISPCA official logo.png

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

Red copyright.svg les timbres irlandais émis par le Département des Postes et des Télégraphes avant 1984 sont des œuvres officielles pour celles d'entre elles qui ont plus de 50 ans, se trouvent dans le domaine public (publiées avant le 1er janvier 1969). Utilisez {{PD-IrishGov}} pour l'indiquer. Depuis le 1er janvier 1984, lorsque An Post a été fondée, les timbres postaux irlandais sont protégés par des droits d'auteur détenus par cette entreprise.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Ireland Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  2. Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (No. 28 of 2000). Ireland (2000). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  3. Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment) Act 2004. Ireland (2004). Retrieved on 2018-11-12.
  4. Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment) Act 2007. Ireland (2007). Retrieved on 2018-11-12.
  5. () Film Copyright in the European Union, Cambridge University Press, p. 278 29DSe2bcDyUC
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux