Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Israël

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Israel and the translation is 60% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Israel and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur d'Israël applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire d'Israël doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Israël et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre d'Israël, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

La Palestine faisait partie de l'Empire ottoman jusqu'à la Première Guerre mondiale, lorsque les britanniques en prennent le contrôle. En 1922, les britanniques obtiennent un mandat sur la Palestine. L’État d'Israël est déclaré en 1948, prenant le contrôle de l'essentiel du territoire anciennement sous mandat britannique.

Israël est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 24 mars 1950 et de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 21 avril 1995.[1]

En 2018, l'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), une agence des Nations Unies, a enregistré la Loi sur le droit d'auteur de 2007 (telle qu'amendée le 28 juillet 2011) comme étant la principale loi sur la propriété intellectuelle édictée par la législature d'Israël[1]. L'OMPI conserve le texte de cette loi dans sa base de données WIPO Lex. Elle est entrée en vigueur le 25 mai 2008.[2]

Ayants-droits

According to Israel's copyright statute of 2007,

  • In general, the author of a work is the first owner of copyright.[2007-2011 Sec.33(1)]
  • With a sound recording, the producer is the first owner of copyright.[2007-2011 Sec.33(2)]
  • The employer is the first owner of copyright in a work made by an employee in the course of his service and during the period of his service, unless otherwise agreed.[2007-2011 Sec.34]
  • In a work made pursuant to a commission, the first owner of the copyright therein, wholly or partially, is the author, unless otherwise agreed as between the commissioning party and the author, expressly or impliedly.[2007-2011 Sec.35(a)]
  • In a work which is a portrait or a photograph of a family event or other private event, made pursuant to a commission, the first owner of the copyright is the commissioning party.[2007-2011 Sec.35(b)]
  • The state is the first owner of a work made by, or commissioned for, the State or by an employee of the State in consequence of his service and during the period of his service; In this section, "State employee" – includes soldiers, policemen and any other person who holds a position according to a statute in a State entity or institution.[2007-2011 Sec.36]

Durées

According to Israel's copyright statute of 2007,

  • Copyright in a work subsists during the life of its author and for 70 years after his death, subject to the provisions below.[2007-2011 Sec.38]
  • Copyright in a joint work subsists during the life of its longest surviving joint author and for 70 years after his death.[2007-2011 Sec.39]
  • Copyright in an anonymous or pseudonymous work lasts for 70 years from the date it was first published, or if not published within 70 years for 70 years from the date it was created, as long as the identity of the author does not become known in this period.[2007-2011 Sec.40]
  • Copyright in a sound recording subsists for 50 years from the date of its making.[2007-2011 Sec.41]
  • Copyright in a work in which the State is the first owner of the copyright lasts for 50 years from the date of its making.[2007-2011 Sec.42] Images distributed by the Israeli Government Press Office are copyrighted.[3]
  • The period of copyright in a work shall end on the 31st of December of the year in which such copyright is set to expire.[2007-2011 Sec.43]

In general, works made before the act came into effect that were not protected by copyright under the prior law would remain unprotected, except for works first published in Israel or made by a citizen or resident of Israel.[2007-2011 Sec.78(b)] For photographs made before the act came into effect the former law applies.[2007-2011 Sec.78(i)] That is, protection lasts until 1 January of the 51st year after the creation of the photograph.

Œuvres non protégées

  • Copyright in a work as stated in section 4 [original works which are literary works, artistic works, dramatic works or musical works, sound recordings] shall not extend to any of the following, however it shall extend to their expression: (1) Ideas; (2) Procedures and methods of operation; (3) Mathematical concepts; (4) Facts or data; (5) News of the day.[2007-2011 Sec.5]
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4, copyright shall not subsist in statutes, regulations, Knesset Protocols and judicial decisions of the courts or of any other government entities having judicial authority according to law.[2007-2011 Sec.6]
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4, copyright shall not subsist in "designs" as defined in the Patents and Designs Ordinance unless the design is not used, nor intended for use in industrial manufacture.[2007-2011 Sec.7]

Bandeaux de licence

Raccourci
COM:TAG Israel

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-Israel}} – D'après les lois israéliennes, les œuvres tombent dans le domaine public 70 ans après la mort de l'auteur, à partir du 1er janvier après sa mort. Les photos prises avant mai 2008 sont mises dans le domaine public 50 ans après leur création, à partir du 1er janvier suivant la création, de même que les photos prises par une autorité publique (comme le gouvernement). Depuis mai 2008, la durée pour les photographies a été portée à 70 ans (comme pour les autres œuvres), sauf si la photo a été prise par une autorité publique.
    • {{PD-IsraelGov}} – specific for the expiration of the State of Israel's copyrights (also included in the last section of {{tl:PD-Israel}})
  • {{Money-IL}} – for Israeli banknotes and coins.
  • {{Insignia-Israel}} – for flag, emblems, coats of arms or some other official symbol which were declared a protected symbol in Israel.
  • {{FoP-Israel}} - "Broadcasting, or copying by way of photography, drawing, sketch or similar visual description, of an architectural work, a work of sculpture or work of applied art, are permitted where the aforesaid work is permanently situated in a public place."

Monnaie

Raccourci
COM:CUR Israel

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

Symbol OK.svg  Israeli currency is copyrighted. According to a statement from the Bank of Israel, reproductions may appear in a catalog, book, research paper, etc. provided that they do not modify the colors or designs, although a black and white reproduction is allowed. They must be at least 30% larger or smaller than the original, and for commercial use must not include both sides of the note or coin. Finally, the reproductions must credit the Bank of Israel.[4] The complete Law of the Bank of Israel does not specify these conditions.[5] Instead the above "Instructions" paper has detailed them. The effective date of the conditions are not stated.

Veuillez utiliser {{Money-IL}} pour les images de monnaie israélienne.

De minimis

Raccourci
COM:DM Israel

Voir aussi : Commons:De minimis

According to 2007 Copyright Act, section 22:

  • An incidental use of a work by way of including it in a photographic work, in a cinematographic work or in a sound recording, as well as the use of a such work in which the work was thus incidentally contained, is permitted; In this matter the deliberate inclusion of a musical work, including its accompanying lyrics, or of a sound recording embodying such musical work, in another work, shall not be deemed to be an incidental use.[2007-2011 Sec.22]

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Israel

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Israel}}

Section 23 of the 2007 Copyright Act states that "Broadcasting, or copying by way of photography, drawing, sketch or similar visual description, of an architectural work, a work of sculpture or work of applied art, are permitted where the aforesaid work is permanently situated in a public place."

According to Dr Sarah Presenti, an Israeli copyright lawyer, the scope of the term "work of applied art" in Israel is broader than the equivalent term in Commonwealth jurisdictions. Presenti suggests that "it includes art work (like adverts, advertising, maps etc.) which transfers useful information" and that "it does not matter if it is 2D or 3D as long as it is a work of art that is meant to deliver useful information. Therefore, an artistic work created for artistic purpose is by no means applied art (e.g. painting)."

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

Copyrighted Paragraph 51 of Israeli Postal Services Statute 1986, in its 2004 revised version stipulates that the State owns full copyrights for Israeli stamps. The Israeli copyright statute from 2007 determines that the State's copyrights expire on 1 January of the 51st year after the creation of the work. Hence, only stamps created 50 or more years ago are in the public domain. Template:PD-IsraelGov would be appropriate to indicate their copyright status.

Seuil d'originalité

Raccourci
COM:TOO Israel

Voir aussi : Commons:Seuil d’originalité

Although Israel historically used a "skill and labour" test similar to that used by the UK, since the 1989 Israeli Supreme Court's ruling in Interlego A/S v. Exin-Lines Bros. SA they have tended fairly close to a US-style requirement equating originality with human creativity.[6] In Israel, the Supreme Court in the Interlego A/S v. Exin-Lines Bros. SA decision adopted the Feist ruling with regards to both the interpretation of the originality requirement and the general rejection of the ‘sweat of the brow’ doctrine and the labour theory as a legitimate interest for establishing a copyright claim.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Israel Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Copyright Act, 2007 (as amended on July 28, 2011). Israel (2011). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Terms of Use. Government Press Office. Retrieved on 2019-01-23.
  4. Instructions concerning the use of photocopies and replicas of coins and banknotes. Bank of Israel. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  5. The Bank of Israel Law. Back of Israel. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  6. Guy Pessach (6 Feb 2007). Israeli Copyright Law - a Positive Economic Perspective (International Law Forum of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Law Faculty Research Paper). Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux