Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Mexique

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Mexico and the translation is 64% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Mexico and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur du Mexique applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire du Mexique doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre au Mexique et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre du Mexique, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

Le Mexique a été conquis par l'Espagne en 1521. Il est devenu indépendant en 1821.

Le Mexique est membre de la Convention universelle sur le droit d'auteur (en anglais) depuis le 12 mai 1957, de la Convention de Berne depuis le 11 juin 1967, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 1er janvier 1995 et du Traité de l'OMPI depuis le 6 mars 2002[1].

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Federal Law on Copyright (consolidated text published in the Official Journal of the Federation on June 15, 2018) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Mexico.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Eduardo de la Parra Trujillo wrote a critical commentary on the reforms to the copyright law in 2004, which may still be relevant.[3]

Généralités

Under the Federal Law on Copyright (1996, consolidated up to June 15, 2018),

  • Copyright lasts for the life of the author and 100 years after their death.[1996-2018 Art. 29(I)]
  • For a work of joint authorship, copyright lasts for the life of the authors and 100 years after the death of the last survivor.[1996-2018 Art. 29(I)]
  • Copyright also lasts for 100 years after the work is disclosed.[1996-2018 Art. 29(II)]
  • The anonymous works are in public domain until the author or the owner of the rights are identified.[1996-2018 Art. 153]
  • Plastic or photographic works: author's life plus 100 years.[1996-2018 Art. 92 bis]
  • Unoriginal databases: 5 years from creation date.[1996-2018 Art. 108]
  • Music groups, choirs, orchestras, ballet and theater companies: 75 years from recording date of a sound work, or first broadcast (TV and radio), or first performance of a work that was not recorded.[1996-2018 Art. 122]
  • Book editors: 50 years from date of publication of the first edition.[1996-2018 Art. 127]
  • Phonogram producers: 75 years from recording date.[1996-2018 Art. 134]
  • Videogram producers: 50 years from date of filming.[1996-2018 Art. 138]
  • Broadcasting organisations: 50 years from first broadcast (TV and radio).[1996-2018 Art. 146]

The above does not apply to works that were already in the public domain before 23 July 2003. Generally speaking, that means works created by someone who had died before 1952 are in the public domain, since they died 30 years before the non-retroactive extension to life plus 50 years was implemented on 12 January 1982.[4]

Extension des droits d'auteur

Copyright terms have been repeatedly extended, but not retroactively. Works remained in the public domain if they were in the public domain before each new law took effect. Relevant laws include the Federal Civil Code of 1928, Federal Copyright Act of 1948, Federal Copyright Act of 1956, Federal Copyright Act of 1963, General Copyright Regime of 1982 and Federal Copyright Act of 1996 and later reforms up to 2014.[5][6][7][8][9][4][2]

  • 1928:
    • 50 years for scientific works.[1928 Art.1181]
    • 30 years for artistic works.[1928 Art.1183]
    • Registration was required within 3 years of publication.[1928 Art.1189]
  • 1948: All terms became life plus 20 years.[1948 Art.8] Registration no longer required for works first published Jan 14, 1948 or later; six-month grace period to register old works to regain copyright.[1948 Trans.Art.Tercero]
  • 1963: All terms became life plus 30 years.[1963 Art.23(I)]
  • 1982: The Diario Oficial of 11 January 1982 reported a revision to Article 23 under which copyright lasted for life plus 50 years, for 50 years from publication for posthumous works, and for 50 years from publication for anonymous works.[4]
  • 1994: The term was extended to life plus 75 years in 1993, effective 1 January 1994, only applicable to works still in copyright at the time.
  • 2003: The term was extended to life plus 100 years.

Au moment de l'entrée en vigueur de l'URAA (le 1er janvier 1996), la Loi sur les droits d'auteur de 1982 était encore en vigueur.

Œuvres produites par le gouvernement

Works created by the Mexican government do not default to being public domain, being protected 100 years after publication.[1996-2018 Art.29(II)] This applies to the federal, state and municipal governments. As with known authors, the term was extended repeatedly in the past.

  • Under the 1928 Federal Civil Code, the government could hold not copyright.[1928 Art.1235]
  • The extension to 30 years from publication appears to have happened in 1963.[8]
  • The extension to 50 years after from is documented in the Diario Oficial of 11 January 1982.[4]

Œuvres non protégées

Under the 1996 copyright law as of 2018, the following are not protected,[1996-2018 Art.14]

  • I. Ideas, formulas, solutions, concepts, methods, systems, principles, discoveries, processes and inventions of any kind;
  • II. Industrial or commercial use of the ideas contained in the works;
  • III. Schemes, plans or rules to perform mental acts, games or business;
  • IV. Letters, digits or isolated colors ...
  • V. Names and titles or isolated phrases;
  • VI. Simple formats or blank forms to be filled with any type of information, as well as their instructions;
  • VII. Reproductions or imitations, without authorization, of shields, flags or emblems of any country, state, municipality or equivalent political division, or denominations, acronyms, symbols or emblems of international governmental, non-governmental organizations, or of any other officially recognized organization ...
  • VIII. Legislative, regulatory, judicial administrative texts, as well as their official translations. If they are published, they must adhere to the official text and will not confer exclusive editing rights; However, the concordances, interpretations, comparative studies, annotations, commentaries and other similar works that entail, on the part of their author, the creation of an original work will be object of protection;

Bandeaux de licence

Raccourci
COM:TAG Mexico

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

Monnaie

Raccourci
COM:CUR Mexico

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

X mark.svg Pas d'accord Mexican currency is copyrighted and the reproduction of designs is only permitted by seeking authorisation from the Ministry of Finance (Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público).[10][11] Les pièces et billets produits avant le 23 juillet 1928 sont passés dans le domaine public avant que la loi ne change le 23 juillet 2003, et restent dans le domaine public.

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Mexico

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Mexico}}

Mexico's federal copyright law, Article 148, allows reproduction without compensation in certain circumstances:

  • Literary and artistic works that have already been disclosed may only be used in the following cases without the consent of the owner of the economic rights and without remuneration, provided that the normal exploitation of the work is not adversely affected thereby and provided also that the source is invariably mentioned and that no alteration is made to the work:"[1996-2018 Art.148]
  • Reproduction, communication and distribution by means of drawings, paintings, photographs and audiovisual processes of works that are visible from public places (lugares publicos).[1996-2018 Art.148(VII)]

The term lugares publicos has been interpreted to include both interior and exterior public places. Due to the ambiguity of the article, some establishments such as the Metro de la Ciudad de México have denied the right to execute freedom of panorama. However, government-owned places such as libraries, markets, parks and public gardens have no restrictions against freedom of panorama. The Federal Law of Telecom and Broadcasting also uses the term "public places". It defines public places as: "...those that are in the charge of dependencies of federal, state or municipal entities, or under public programs of any one of the three orders of government..." Public places under this law (page 7) would include:

  • Schools, Universities, and every kind of building used for education;
  • Clinics, Hospitals, and every kind of building used for health care;
  • Government offices of all types;
  • Community Centers;
  • Free admission and open places such as parks, green areas and sports centers
  • Places that collaborate in public federal programs.

Voir aussi

Références

Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux