Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Moldavie

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Moldova and the translation is 67% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Moldova and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de la Moldavie applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de la Moldavie doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Moldavie et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de la Moldavie, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

La Principauté de Moldavie a été cédée à l'Empire russe par l'Empire ottoman en 1812. Après la Révolution russe, le territoire est divisé entre la Roumanie et l'Ukraine. En 1940, la République socialiste soviétique de Moldavie est constituée au sein de l'Union soviétique. En 1990, le territoire situé à l'est de la rivière Dneister fait sécession sous le nom de Transnistrie. La Moldavie déclare son indépendance le 27 août 1991.

La Moldavie est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 2 novembre 1995, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 26 juillet 2001 et du Traité de l'OMPI sur le droit d'auteur depuis le 6 mars 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 139 of July 2, 2010, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (as amended by Law No. 212 of July 29, 2016) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Moldova.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] The 2010 law superseded the Law on Copyright and Related Rights No.293-XIII of 23.11.1994.[139/2010-16 Art.69] The law was retroactive: the provisions of Article 23 (Durations) of the 2010 Law also apply to works whose term of protection calculated according to the provisions previously in force had expired.[139/2010-16 Art.70]

Règles générales

Under the former Moldova Law. Art. 17. (Law no. 1268-XV), a file first published in the USSR of Moldova was in the public domain if it met either of the following conditions:

  • It is a photographic or cinematographic work and fifty years have passed since the year of its production.
  • It is another type of work and fifty years have passed since the year of the creator's (if known) death.

Under Law No. 139 of 2010 as amended in 2016,

  • The economic rights in relation to works other than works of applied art are protected for the life of the author and for 70 years after his death, computed from 1 January of the year following that of his death, unless otherwise provided below.[139/2010-16 Art.23(1)]
  • Copyright in audiovisual works is protected for 70 years from 1 January of the year following that of the death of the last surviving joint author: a) the principle director; b) the author of the scenario (the scriptwriter); c) the author of the dialogue; d) the composer – the author of the musical work (with or without words) created specifically for such audiovisual work.[139/2010-16 Art.23(2)]
  • The term of protection of a musical composition with words expire 70 years after the death of the last to survive of the author of the lyrics and the composer of the musical composition, provided that both were specifically created for the respective musical composition with words.[139/2010-16 Art.23(2')]
  • Copyright in anonymous or pseudonymous works, except for works of applied art, is protected for 70 years from 1 January of the year following that of the legal publishing of the work. If the author of an anonymous or pseudonymous work reveals his identity or if it becomes evident during that period, the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) apply.[139/2010-16 Art.23(3)]
  • Copyright in works of joint authorship, except for works of applied art, are protected for the life of each joint author and for 70 years from 1 January of the year following that of the death of the last surviving joint author.[139/2010-16 Art.23(4)]
  • For the term of copyright in collective works provisions of paragraphs (1) and (3) of the present Article apply.[139/2010-16 Art.23(5)]
  • Copyright in works of applied art is protected for 25 years from its creation, except the industrial designs and models unregistered in compliance with the Law on the protection of the industrial designs and models, created for industrial purposes of reproduction and subject to a 3-year protection from creation.[139/2010-16 Art.23(7)]

Œuvres non protégées

Under Law No. 139 of 2010 as amended in 2016, copyright protection does not extend to:[139/2010-16 Art.8]

  • legal acts, other administrative, political or judicial acts (laws, court decisions), or to the official translations thereof;
  • state emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs, etc.);
  • folklore expressions;
  • daily news and facts of simple informational nature.

Bandeaux de licence

Raccourci
COM:TAG Moldova

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-MD-exempt}} – Pour les documents officiels (lois, décisions de justice, etc.) et leurs traductions officielles, pour les symboles officiels de l'État (drapeau, emblème, hymne, décorations, symboles monétaires, autres signes officiels et symboles de l'État), pour les expressions du folklore, pour les nouvelles quotidiennes et les faits d'une simple nature informative.
  • {{PD-Moldova}} – Moldovan or Soviet work first published in USSR or Moldova and in the public domain because its copyright has expired: photographic or cinematographic work and fifty years have passed since the year of its production, or another type of work and fifty years have passed since the year of the creator's death.

Monnaie

Raccourci
COM:CUR Moldova

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

Symbol OK.svg  Moldova currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Law on Copyright and Related Rights of Moldova.

Veuillez utiliser {{PD-MD-exempt}} pour les images de monnaie de Moldavie.

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Moldova

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

Under Law No. 139 of 2010 as amended in 2016,

  • It shall be permitted without the consent of the author or other holder of copyright and without payment of remuneration ... use of works, such as works of architecture or sculpture, made to be located permanently in public places;[139/2010-16 Art.28(k)]

Prior to July 2010, there were commercial restrictions on such works similar to those of the Soviet Union, but an amendment removed that restriction. Article 26 of the cited law defines exceptions of the commercial restrictions, and reproduction of a work of architecture in the form of a building or similar construction is such an exception.

Free reproduction of artistic works (including commercial purposes) is:

  • Symbol OK.svg  for buildings or similar constructions; per article 26(2)(a)
  • Symbol OK.svg  for sculptures made to be located permanently in public places; per article 28(k)
  • X mark.svg Pas d'accord for sculptures not made to be located permanently in public places
  • X mark.svg Pas d'accord for paintings, drawings, engravings or photographs.

Please use {{FoP-Moldova}} to tag images from Moldova which meet Freedom of Panorama conditions.

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

Domaine public : utilisez {{PD-MD-exempt}}.

According to the law on Copyright of the Republic of Moldova no. 293-XIII of 23 November 1994 (Amended by Law no. 1268-XV, of 25 July 2002) Article 7. refers to "State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs, etc.)" as Works Not Protected by Copyright; therefore images of stamps are deemed to be in the public domain.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Republic of Moldova Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  2. Law No. 139 of July 2, 2010, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (as amended by Law No. 212 of July 29, 2016). Moldova (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux