Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Nauru

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Nauru and the translation is 54% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Nauru and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎français • ‎русский

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Nauru relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Nauru must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Nauru and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Nauru, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Contexte

Nauru was claimed as a colony by Germany in the late 19th century. After World War I, Nauru became a League of Nations mandate administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. After World War II the country entered into United Nations trusteeship. Nauru gained its independence in 1968.

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, did not show Nauru as a member of the Berne Convention or the World Trade Organization.[1]

WIPO listed the Custom and Adopted Laws Act 1971 (Act No. 11 of 1971) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Nauru.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Common laws and statutes in force in England on 31 January 1968 were adopted as laws of Nauru.[Act1971 Sec.4(1)] Some laws were replaced by Australian laws, but the Australian Copyright Act 1912-1933 was explicitly excluded.[Act1971 Sec.8]

As of 2018 WIPO did not show any subsequent copyright-related laws enacted by Nauru, so presumably British law as of 1968 still applies.[3] The full text of the applicable law, the Copyright Act 1956 (United Kingdom), is available in Wikisource.[4]

Règles générales

Under the Copyright Act 1956,

  • Copyright subsists in an original literary, dramatic or musical work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.2(1)]
  • An "artistic work" means any of paintings, sculptures, drawings, engravings and photographs, buildings or models for buildings, and works of artistic craftsmanship.[1956 Sec.3(1)]
  • Copyright subsists in an artistic work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.3(4)]
    • With an engraving, if before the death of the author the engraving had not been published, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4a)]
    • Copyright in a photograph subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the photograph is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4b)]
  • Copyright subsists in a sound recording for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the recording is first published.[1956 Sec.12(3)]
  • Copyright in a film subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is registered.[1956 Sec.13(3a)]
  • Copyright in a television broadcast or sound broadcast subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year which the broadcast is made.[1956 Sec.14(2)]
  • Where the first publication of a literary, dramatic, or musical work, or of an artistic work other than a photograph, is anonymous or pseudonymous, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Schedule.2(b))]

Œuvres produites par le gouvernement

Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • For literary, dramatic or musical works made by or under the direction or control of Her Majesty or a Government department, copyright (a) where the work is unpublished, subsists so long as the work remains unpublished, and (b) where the work is published, subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Sec.39(3)]
  • Copyright in an artistic work to which Her Majesty is entitled subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.[1956 Sec.39(4)]

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Nauru

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

Symbol OK.svg : Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • The copyright in a work which is permanently situated in a public place, or in premises open to the public, is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(3)]
  • The copyright in a work of architecture is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(4)]

Treaty issue

Copyright notes

Copyright notes
Voir U.S. Circ. 38a. ; les pays suivants sont pas signataires de la Convention de Berne ni d'aucun autre traité sur les droits d'auteur avec les États-Unis :
  • Érythrée, Éthiopie, Iran, Irak, Nauru, Palau, Saint-Marin, Somalie et Soudan du Sud.

Ainsi, les œuvres publiées par les citoyens de ces pays dans ces pays ne sont généralement pas soumises à la protection du droit d'auteur en dehors de ces pays. Par conséquent, ces œuvres peuvent être du domaine public dans la plupart des autres pays du monde.

Toutefois
  • Les œuvres publiées dans ces pays par des citoyens ou des résidents permanents d'autres pays signataires de la Convention de Berne ou de tout autre traité sur le droit d'auteur seront toujours protégées dans leur pays d'origine, aux niveaux international et local, par la législation locale sur le droit d'auteur.
  • De même, les œuvres publiées hors de ces pays dans les 30 jours suivant leur publication feront également l'objet d'une protection dans le pays de publication étranger. Lorsque des œuvres sont soumises au droit d'auteur en dehors de ces pays, la durée de cette protection peut dépasser celle du droit d'auteur à l'intérieur de celles-ci.
  • Les œuvres non publiées de ces pays peuvent être entièrement protégées par le droit d'auteur.
  • Une œuvre d'un de ces pays peut devenir protégée par le droit d'auteur aux États-Unis dans le cadre de l'URAA si son pays d'origine entre dans un traité ou un accord sur le droit d'auteur avec les États-Unis et si l'œuvre est toujours protégée par le droit d'auteur dans son pays d'origine.

Nauru n'a pas de loi connue sur la propriété intellectuelle.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Nauru Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. Custom and Adopted Laws Act 1971 (Act No. 11 of 1971). Nauru (1971). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  3. Nauru: WIPO Lex, 2018
  4. Copyright Act, 1956 (United Kingdom). Retrieved on 2019-03-16.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux