Commons:Нормы авторского права по территории/Науру

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Nauru relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Nauru must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Nauru and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Nauru, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Nauru was claimed as a colony by Germany in the late 19th century. After World War I, Nauru became a League of Nations mandate administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. After World War II the country entered into United Nations trusteeship. Nauru gained its independence in 1968.

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, did not show Nauru as a member of the Berne Convention or the World Trade Organization.[1]

WIPO listed the Custom and Adopted Laws Act 1971 (Act No. 11 of 1971) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Nauru.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Common laws and statutes in force in England on 31 January 1968 were adopted as laws of Nauru.[Act1971 Sec.4(1)] Some laws were replaced by Australian laws, but the Australian Copyright Act 1912-1933 was explicitly excluded.[Act1971 Sec.8]

As of 2018 WIPO did not show any subsequent copyright-related laws enacted by Nauru, so presumably British law as of 1968 still applies.[3] The full text of the applicable law, the Copyright Act 1956 (United Kingdom), is available in Wikisource.[4]

General rules

Under the Copyright Act 1956,

  • Copyright subsists in an original literary, dramatic or musical work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.2(1)]
  • An "artistic work" means any of paintings, sculptures, drawings, engravings and photographs, buildings or models for buildings, and works of artistic craftsmanship.[1956 Sec.3(1)]
  • Copyright subsists in an artistic work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.3(4)]
    • With an engraving, if before the death of the author the engraving had not been published, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4a)]
    • Copyright in a photograph subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the photograph is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4b)]
  • Copyright subsists in a sound recording for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the recording is first published.[1956 Sec.12(3)]
  • Copyright in a film subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is registered.[1956 Sec.13(3a)]
  • Copyright in a television broadcast or sound broadcast subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year which the broadcast is made.[1956 Sec.14(2)]
  • Where the first publication of a literary, dramatic, or musical work, or of an artistic work other than a photograph, is anonymous or pseudonymous, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Schedule.2(b))]

Government works

Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • For literary, dramatic or musical works made by or under the direction or control of Her Majesty or a Government department, copyright (a) where the work is unpublished, subsists so long as the work remains unpublished, and (b) where the work is published, subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Sec.39(3)]
  • Copyright in an artistic work to which Her Majesty is entitled subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.[1956 Sec.39(4)]

Freedom of panorama

Сокращение
COM:FOP Nauru

Смотрите также: Commons:Свобода панорамы

Symbol OK.svgДа: Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • The copyright in a work which is permanently situated in a public place, or in premises open to the public, is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(3)]
  • The copyright in a work of architecture is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(4)]

Treaty issue

Copyright notes

Copyright notes
Согласно циркуляру 38a. следующие страны не являются участниками Бернской конвенции или иных договоров по авторскому праву с Соединёнными Штатами: Восточный Тимор, Ирак, Иран, Науру, Палау, Сан-Марино, Сомали, Эритрея, Эфиопия, Южный Судан.

Таким образом, произведения, опубликованные гражданами этих стран на их территории, как правило, не подлежат защите авторских прав за пределами этих стран. Следовательно, такие работы могут быть в свободном доступе в большинстве других стран мира.

Тем не менее
  • Произведения, опубликованные в этих странах гражданами или постоянными жителями других стран, подписавших Бернскую конвенцию или любой другой договор об авторском праве, будут по-прежнему охраняться в их стране и на международном уровне, а также на местном уровне местным законодательством об авторском праве.
  • Аналогичным образом, работы, опубликованные за пределами этих стран в течение 30 дней после публикации в этих странах, также обычно подлежат охране в зарубежной стране публикации. Если на произведения распространяется авторское право за пределами этих стран, срок такой защиты авторских прав может превышать срок действия авторских прав внутри них.
  • Неопубликованные работы из этих стран могут быть полностью защищены авторским правом.
  • Произведение из одной из этих стран может быть защищено авторским правом в Соединенных Штатах в соответствии с URAA, если страна происхождения произведения заключает договор об авторском праве или соглашение с Соединенными Штатами, и произведение все еще находится под авторским правом в своей стране.

В Науру отсутствую известные законы об интеллектуальной собственности.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Nauru Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. Custom and Adopted Laws Act 1971 (Act No. 11 of 1971). Nauru (1971). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  3. Nauru: WIPO Lex, 2018
  4. Copyright Act, 1956 (United Kingdom). Retrieved on 2019-03-16.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Смотрите также: Commons:Отказ от ответственности