Commons:Urheberrechtsregeln nach Gebiet/Somalia

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Somalia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Somalia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Somalia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Somalia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Hintergrund

In the late 19th century the British and Italian empires established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. Italian occupation lasted until 1941, when a British military administration took over. In 1949 Italian Somaliland became a United Nations Trusteeship under Italian administration. The two regions united on 1 July 1960 to form the independent Somali Republic. On 18 May 1991 the former British Somaliland unilaterally declared independence from Somalia.

Copyright in British Somaliland was covered by the 1911 Copyright Act, which was superseded by the Copyright Act 1956. Italian laws covered Italian Somaliland. These two sets of laws remained in force in the respective regions until the Somali Democratic Republic passed the first Copyright Law, Law No. 66 of 7 September 1977.[1] The 1977 law does not appear to have been widely used or enforced, and it is unclear whether it is relevant to the breakaway state of Somaliland.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, did not list any IP laws enacted by the legislature of Somalia.[2] The Ministry of Education, Culture & Tourism has published a press law dated June 2017 on the government website, which refers to copyright.[3] The law does not specify a duration and is unclear.[4]

The United States Copyright Office declares the state of copyright relations with Somalia to be "unclear", as opposed to "none".[5]

Allgemeine Regeln

According to the 1977 Copyright Law - Law No. 66 of 7 September 1977, Somali law includes copyright protection for registered works. However, there is no longer anywhere to register copyrights. There are records of a copyright office existing prior to being destroyed in the civil war in 1991. Durations were:

  • The copyright of (registered) literary and artistic and scientific works shall be protected during the life of the author and for a further period of 30 years after his death.[6/1977 (Art.24)]
  • In the case of joint works, the copyright shall be protected up to 30 years after the death of the last surviving author.[6/1977 (Art.24.2)]
  • Works whose authors are not known or were published anonymously or under pseudonyms shall enjoy protection from the date when the unknown name or the real name of the author is found in the Copyright Register.[6/1977 (Art.25)]
  • Works undertaken after the death of an author shall enjoy protection from the date of their publication.
Copyright notes

Copyright notes
Nach U.S. Circ. 38a. haben die folgenden Staaten weder die Berner Übereinkunft noch ein anderes Urheberrechtsabkommen unterzeichnet:
  • Äthiopien, Eritrea, Irak, Iran, Nauru, Palau, San Marino, Somalia und Südsudan.

Urheberrechtsansprüche dieser Staaten, dies betrifft Werke, die von Staatsbürgern eines dieser Staaten innerhalb ihres Landes veröffentlicht werden, werden in anderen Staaten nicht anerkannt und sind daher in den meisten anderen Staaten, wie Deutschland, Österreich, und der Schweiz, gemeinfrei.

Allerdings ist folgendes zu beachten
  • Werke, die in diesen Staaten von Staatsbürgern eines Unterzeichnerstaates der Berner Übereinkunft veröffentlicht werden, genießen neben dem örtlichen Urheberrecht auch den Urheberrechtsschutz ihres Heimatstaates und sind daher auch international geschützt.
  • Werke, die gleichzeitig (d. h. innerhalb von 30 Tagen) in einem Unterzeichnerstaat der Berner Übereinkunft veröffentlicht werden, genießen zusätzlich zum örtlichen Urheberrecht auch den Urheberrechtsschutz des Fremdstaates, der unter Umständen eine längere Schutzdauer vorsieht.

Somalia inherited the UK Copyright Act 1911, but replaced it with Law No. 66 of 7 September 1977. The new law was based on the 1976 Tunis Model Copyright Law and gave a general term of 30 p.m.a. for works. It however also had a highly prescriptive registration requirement to obtain copyright protection, and no Copyright Registration Office currently exists (if it ever did).

Siehe auch

Zitate

  1. a b Somaliland Copyright Law. Somaliland Law.com (2018). Retrieved on 2018-12-09.
  2. Somalia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights)[1], WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization, 2018
  3. Press Law (2017). Retrieved on 2018-12-092016.
  4. Mohamed Ali Juhaa (Sep 23, 2017). Wasiirka Warfaafinta Oo Golaha Shacabka Hor Geeyey Wax Ka Bedelka Xeerka Saxaafada Si Ay Ansixiyaan (media article). Retrieved on 2019-01-13.
  5. Circular 38a: International Copyright Relations[2], United States Copyright Office of the United States, 2019, page 11
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Siehe auch: Commons:Allgemeiner Haftungsausschluss