Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Union soviétique

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Soviet Union and the translation is 71% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Soviet Union and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de l'ancienne Union soviétique applicables au téléversement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de l'ancienne Union soviétique doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre dans le pays d'origine et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléversée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de l'ancienne Union soviétique, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), or Soviet Union, was a state that spanned large parts of eastern Europe and northern Asia that existed from 30 December 1922 to 26 December 1991. It succeeded the Russian Empire, and comprised 15 nominally independent republics.

Before 1 June 1973 the general term of protection was for the lifetime of the author plus 15 years after death. The Soviet Union joined the Universal Copyright Convention on 27 May 1973, and the term of protection was retroactively extended to life plus 25 years. This remained in effect until the USSR was dissolved.[1]

États successeurs

In 1991 the Soviet Union was dissolved. 12 of the republics formed the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and are the legal successors of the USSR. These are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, {pg|Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Georgia|Georgia}}, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The three Baltic republics, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania took the position that they had been occupied countries rather than members of the USSR, and chose not to join the CIS.

Works published in the former USSR should be in the public domain under the laws of the successor country of origin and the United States if they are to be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons.

Note: There was a discussion whether pre-1973 works from the Soviet Union are copyright-free, originating in the period of uncertainty after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It was concluded that this theory is incorrect; see discussions in Template talk:PD-Soviet.

Bandeaux de licence

Monnaie

Raccourci
COM:CUR Soviet Union

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

✓OK : la monnaie de l'ancienne URSS n'est pas protégée par des droits d'auteur.

Veuillez utiliser {{PD-RU-exempt}} pour les images de monnaie soviétique (monnaie de l'URSS).

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Soviet Union

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

Most of the successor nations of the Soviet Union have identical provisions on freedom of panorama and restrict it to non-commercial uses only. Refer to the pages describing the copyright rules for each member state for current rules.

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

Domaine public : utilisez {{PD-RU-exempt|stamps}}

Since, according to intergovernmental and international treaties, Russian Federation is a legal successor to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the tag {{PD-RU-exempt}} (please see "Russia" above) also applies to images of postage stamps, stamped covers and stamped post cards (postal stationery) of the RSFSR and USSR.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. TACIS Retroactivity Report (Russia). Russian-Ukrainian Legal Group (11 April 2001). Retrieved on 2019-02-10.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux