Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Espagne

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Spain and the translation is 67% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Spain and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎español • ‎français • ‎русский

Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur en Espagne applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire des Espagne doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Espagne et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de l'Espagne, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.


L'Espagne est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 5 décembre 1887, de la Convention universelle sur le droit d'auteur (en anglais) depuis le 16 septembre 1995, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 1er janvier 1995 et du Traité de l'OMPI depuis le 14 mars 2010.[1]

The Royal Act 1/1996, of 12 April 1996 approved the revised text of the Intellectual Property Law, the main IP law.[1] The consolidated text incorporating revisions up to 14 April 2018 is provided on their website by the Boletin Oficial del Estado. The act repealed Law 22/1987, of November 11, on Intellectual Property and subsequent amendments.[2] The Law of 10 January 1879 on intellectual property still applies to works by authors who died before the 1987 Law took effect.[3]

Règles générales

Under the the 1996 Intellectual Property Law as amended up to 14 April 2018,

  • The rights of exploitation of a work last for the life of the author and 70 years after his death or declaration of death.[1/1996-2018 Article 26]
  • The exploitation rights of anonymous or pseudonymous works last 70 years from their lawful disclosure, as long as the author does not become known during this period.[1/1996-2018 Article 27(1)]
  • The rights of exploitation of the works that have not been lawfully disclosed last 70 years from their creation, when the term of protection is not computed from the death or declaration of death of the author or authors.[1/1996-2018 Article 27(2)]
  • The exploitation rights of collaborative works, including cinematographic and audiovisual works, last for the life of the coauthors and 70 years after the death or declaration of death of the last surviving co-author.[1/1996-2018 Article 28(1)]
  • With musical compositions with lyrics, exploitation rights will last the entire life of the author of the lyrics and the author of the musical composition and 70 years from the death or declaration of death of the last survivor, provided that their contributions were created specifically for the respective musical composition with lyrics.[1/1996-2018 Article 28(1)]
  • Terms of protection established are computed from 1 January of the year following the death or declaration of death of the author or of the legal disclosure of the work, as appropriate.[1/1996-2018 Article 30]

However, works of authors who died before 7 December 1987 (or were published before that date, in case of anonymous works) are dealt with by the 1879 law, which sets a protection time of 80 years post mortem auctoris.[1879 Article 6]

Œuvres collectives

A collective work is a work created through the initiative and under the coordination of a natural or legal person who publishes and disseminates it under their name and is formed by combining contributions of different authors whose personal contributions are unique and autonomous creations, by which it has been created without it being possible to attribute separately to any of the authors a right over the whole of the work carried out. Unless otherwise agreed, the rights over the collective work shall correspond to the person who publishes and discloses it under his name.[1/1996-2018 Article 8]

The exploitation rights over a collective works last 70 years from the lawful disclosure of the protected work. However, if the natural persons who have created the work are identified as authors in the versions of it that are made accessible to the public, the provisions of articles 26 or 28.1, as appropriate, will be applied. These provisions are without prejudice to the rights of the identified authors whose identifiable contributions are contained in said works, to which article 26 and 28(1) apply.[1/1996-2018 Article 28(2)]

Œuvres non protégées

Intellectual property protection does not apply to laws and regulations and their corresponding projects, resolutions and acts of jurisdictional bodies, agreements, deliberations and opinions of public bodies, as well as official translations of all the previous texts.[1/1996-2018 Article 13]

Bandeaux de licence


Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-SpanishGov}} – for works by the Spanish government
  • {{PD-SpanishGov-money}} - for images of the former Spanish pesetas currency
  • {{PD-La Moncloa}} – for content from which was selected or coordinated by the Secretary of State for Communications (only valid for images uploaded before 26 November 2012)



Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

Symbol OK.svg : Regarding former Spanish national currency, the pesetas, there is "no significant jurisprudence on the application of copyright to banknotes" per 1999 Report on the Legal Protection of Banknotes in the European Union Member States. Additionally, there is "no use of the copyright symbol: © on Spanish banknotes". The rules for reproduction of pesetas only have provisions for advertising purposes. Reproductions for teaching materials in particular do not require the authorisation of the Bank of Spain.[4]

{{PD-SpanishGov-money}} peut être utilisé pour les images de pesetas epagnoles.

Spain has used the Euro since 1 January 2002. See COM:CRT/European Union:Currency for Euro banknotes and the shared side of Euro coins.

X mark.svg Pas d'accord pour la face nationale des pièces en euro.

Liberté de panorama


Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

✓OK {{FoP-Spain}} Under the the 1996 Intellectual Property Law as amended up to 14 April 2018,

  • Works permanently located in parks, streets, squares or other public places may be freely reproduced, distributed and communicated by means of paintings, drawings, photographs and audiovisual processes.[1/1996-2018 Article 35(2)]
  • The above may not be so interpreted that they could be applied in a manner capable of unreasonably prejudicing the legitimate interests of the author or adversely affecting the normal exploitation of the works to which they refer.[1/1996-2018 Article 40bis]

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

Red copyright.svg. Communication with Spain's Philatelic Bureau suggests no public domain. Permission to scan images of Spanish stamps requires a specific request to the, Sociedad Estatal de Correos y Telégrafos.

According to Spanish copyright law, while most official works are not protected by copyright, standalone images are specifically exempted, and the author retains copyright. So it is safe to assume that Spanish stamps are copyright their designers, in which case they are protected for 70 years after the author's death, or 80 years if the author died before 1988. If the designer is unknown, the stamp falls into the public domain 70 years after it was issued, or 80 years if issued before 1987.

Voir aussi


  1. a b Spain Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-13.
  2. Royal Act 1/1996, of April 12, concerning Intellectual Property, consolidated text to 14 April 2018 (in Spanish) (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-14.
  3. Ley de 10 de enero de 1879, de la propiedad intelectual (in Spanish). Retrieved on 2019-03-29.
  4. Rules for reproduction. Banco de España. Retrieved on 2019-03-29.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux