Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Syrie

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Syria and the translation is 58% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Syria and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de la Syrie applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de la Syrie doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Syrie et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de la Syrie, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

Syria was subject to the Ottoman Empire until World War I. It then came under the control of France, which obtained a League of Nation mandate in 1920. The country gained full independence in April 1946.

La Syrie est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 11 juin 2004.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights (issued by Legislative Decree No. 62/2013) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Syria.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database. It repealed the Law No. 12/2001 on Copyright.[2] Law No. 12/2001 was Syria's first copyright law.[3] An Arabic version of the 2013 law is provided by the General Authority for Radio and TV.[4]

Règles générales

Under the former Law No. 12/2001,

  • The author was entitled to his copyrights for his lifetime and fifty years thereafter. If the work is a combined effort of more than one author, then the copyrights were entitled for the lifetime and fifty years after the death of the last author party of the work.[12/2001 Art. 22]
  • Work published without mention of the author or with the mention of a pseudonym were entitled to copyrights for 50 years from the date of the first legitimate publication, as long as the author's identity was not revealed in this period.[12/2001 Art. 23]
  • Protection of audiovisual, broadcast, televised or cinematography work was enforceable for 50 years as of the date of producing the work. If the work was offered to the public with the author's consent during such period, protection was enforced for 50 years from such later date.[12/2001 Art. 24]
  • Copyrights of photographic, fine arts or plastic arts were enforceable for 10 years from the date of producing such work.[12/2001 Art. 25]

Under Legislative Decree No. 62/2013,

  • The financial rights of the author are protected throughout his life and for 50 years after the end of the year of his death, unless provided otherwise.[62/2013 Art. 19]
  • The financial rights of authors of joint works are protected for the rest of their lives and for 50 years after the end of the year of death of the last surviving person unless the law provides otherwise.[62/2013 Art. 20]
  • Audiovisual works and collective works are protected for 50 years from the first calendar year following their publication for the first time.[62/2013 Art. 21(a)] In case of non-publication within 50 years from the date of completion of the work, the period is calculated from the first calendar year following the date of the completion of the work.[62/2013 Art. 21(b)]
  • Works published without mentioning the name of the author or a pseudonym are protected for 50 years from the date of their publication for the first time, unless the identity of the author becomes known in this period.[62/2013 Art. 22]
  • Works of applied arts are protected for 25 years from the first calendar year following the year in which the work was completed.[62/2013 Art. 23]
  • Database works are protected for a period of 15 years from the first calendar year following the year in which the work was completed.[62/2013 Art. 23B]

In order to be hosted on Commons, all works must be in the public domain in the United States as well as in their source country. Syrian works are currently in the public domain in the United States if their copyright had expired in Syria on the URAA date of restoration (June 11, 2004) and the work was published before this date.[5]

Œuvres non protégées

Under Legislative Decree No. 62/2013, there is no protection for[62/2013 Art. 4]:

  • Ideas, procedures, methods of work, mathematical concepts, principles, abstract facts, discoveries and data, but protection applies to the innovative expression of any of them.
  • Heavenly books except their designs and style of writing and recordings of recitations.
  • Laws, regulations, judicial decisions, arbitral tribunal rules, international agreements, administrative decisions and other official documents and official translations thereof.
  • News and other events that are characterized as mere press information.

Bandeaux de licence

Raccourci
COM:TAG Syria

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-Syria}} – Dans la loi syrienne, les photos sont protégées pendant 10 ans à partir de la date de production. La Syrie a ratifié la convention de Berne en novembre 2004, les photos produites à partir de 1994 sont protégées pour 25 ans.

Monnaie

Raccourci
COM:CUR Syria

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

X mark.svg Pas d'accord. Syrian banknotes and coins are likely to be protected by copyright. The 2001 copyright law of Syria does not explicitly exempt the designs of banknotes and coins, only official documents and administrative decisions. In 2013, Syrian copyright law was substantially changed with the repeal of the 2001 copyright law. However, there does not appear to be any changes to the protection of banknotes or coins.[62/2013 Art. 4]

Liberté de panorama

Raccourci
COM:FOP Syria

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

X mark.svg Pas d'accord. Legislative Decree No. 62/2013 only allows broadcasting of images of works in public places.

  • Without the permission of the author and without making any compensation, the author may transfer works of fine arts or applied works, or plastic or architectural works to the public through the materials of the broadcasting stations if such works are permanently present in public places.[62/2013 Art. 39]

Références

  1. a b Syrian Arab Republic Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights (issued by Legislative Decree No. 62/2013) (in Arabic). Syria (2013). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 12/2001. Syria (2001).
  4. Decree to apply the provisions of the law on the protection of copyright and related rights (in Arabic). General Authority for Radio and TV (2013-09-17). Retrieved on 2019-01-24.
  5. Circular 38a: International Copyright Relations of the United States (PDF) p. 9. United States Copyright Office (March 2009). Retrieved on 2009-06-08.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux