Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Vatican City
Copyright rules: Vatican City
Shortcut: COM:Vatican City
|Standard||Life + 70 years|
|Anonymous||Publish + 70 years|
|ISO 3166-1 alpha-3||VAT|
|Berne convention||12 September 1935|
|URAA restoration date*||1 January 1996|
|*A work is usually protected in the US if it is a type of work copyrightable in the US, published after 1926 and protected in the country of origin on the URAA date.|
This page provides an overview of copyright rules of the Vatican City relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in the Vatican City must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both the Vatican City and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from the Vatican City, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.
The Holy See, as the member name of Vatican State, joined Berne Convention since 12 September 1935. The current copyright law of the Vatican State entered into force on 1 October 2017. The vaticanstate.va website holds the text of the law in Italian. Vatican law supplements the Italian Copyright Act (l. 633, 6 April 1941), which applies in the territory of the Holy See. The law provides for copyright 70 years after the death of the author, or 70 years after publication for works with no named author. Unlike many countries, the Vatican also claims copyright over its laws.
The main points of the Papal copyright:
- Exclusive right on the use of the Pope’s image and voice for purposes other than religious, cultural and educational (art. 3)
- Exclusive right on “purely documentary” reproductions of cultural heritage for 70 years from the fixation (art. 4)
- The Holy See owns all copyrights in the works published under its name or created on its commission (art. 5).
The Vatican's publishing house, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, also claims perpetual copyright on the writings of Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI.
Freedom of panorama
See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama
Not OK Under Law N. XII on Copyright of January 12, 1960, the Vatican decreed that unless church law says otherwise, the precepts of Italian copyright law apply in Vatican City. Italy does not allow for freedom of panorama. Thus, sculptures and other works, including buildings, are not ok until 70 years after the death of the architect or designer.
- Contracting Parties > Berne Convention > Holy See. WIPO. Retrieved on 26 March 2020.
- Legge sulla protezione del diritto di autore sulle opere dell'ingegno e dei diritti connessi (in Italian) (1 September 2017). Retrieved on 2021-01-28.
- Vatican shoots back in copyright dispute for Pope's works January 26, 2006. Catholic Culture. Retrieved on 2019-03-29.