Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Zimbabwe

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Zimbabwe and the translation is 72% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Zimbabwe and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎français • ‎suomi • ‎македонски • ‎русский

Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur du Zimbabwe applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire du Zimbabwe doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre au Zimbabwe et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre du Zimbabwe, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

The British South Africa Company demarcated the present territory during the 1890s. It became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965 the white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. After a lengthy guerrilla war the state gained sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980.

Zimbabwe has been a member of the Berne Convention since 18 April 1980 and the {wp-World Trade Organization|World Trade Organization}} since 5 March 1995.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the 2004 "Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act (Chapter 26:05)" as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Zimbabwe.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

Règles générales

Under the Copyright and Neighboring Rights Act, enacted 2004,

  • An audiovisual work, collective work, photograph or computer program is protected for 50 years from the end of the year in which the work is lawfully made available to the public or, failing such an event within 50 years from the making of the work, 50 years from the end of the year in which the work is made.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.1a]
  • A sound recording is protected for 50 years from the end of the year in which the recording is first published.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.1b]
  • A broadcast is protected for 50 years from the end of the year in which the broadcast first takes place.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.1c]
  • A published edition is protected for 50 years from the end of the year in which the edition is first published.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.1ea]
  • Any other literary, musical or artistic work is protected for the life of the author and 50 years from the end of the year in which the author dies.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.1f]
  • Copyright conferred on the State or an international organisation subsist­s
    • For an audiovisual work, photograph, sound recording, broadcast or published edition, for the period specified above.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.2a]
    • For any other literary, musical or artistic work, for 50 years from the end of the year in which the work was first published.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.2b]
  • The copyright in an anonymous or pseudonymous literary work, other than a government work, subsists for 50 years from the end of the year in which the work is made available to the public with the consent of the owner of the copyright or from the end of the year in which it is reasonable to presume that the author died, whichever period is the shorter.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.3]
  • With a work of joint authorship, references to the death of an author refer to the author who dies last.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 15.4]

A Zimbabwean work that is in the public domain in Zimbabwe according to this rule is in the public domain in the U.S. only if it was in the public domain in Zimbabwe in 1996, e.g. if it was published before 1946 and no copyright was registered in the U.S. This is the effect of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (17 USC 104A) with its critical date of January 1, 1996.

Folklore : non libre

"Work of folklore" means a lilerary, musical or artistic work, whether or not it is recorded, of which no person can claim to be the author; and the form or content is embodied in the traditions peculiar to one or more communities in Zimbabwe; and includes­ folk tales, folk poetry and traditional riddles; folk songs and instrumental folk music; folk dances, plays and artistic forms of ritual; productions of folk art, in particular drawings, paintings, sculptures, pottery, woodwork, metalwork, jewellery, baskets and costumes.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 80] The Minister may grant a written licence to any person or class of persons authorising him or them, as the case may be, to do anything in relation to a reserved work of folklore, where the right to do that thing has been reserved to the President.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 85(1)] A licence granted under subsection (1) may require the licensee to pay a fee for doing anything under the licence.[Cap.26:05/2004 Section 85(2)]

Bandeaux de licence

Raccourci
COM:TAG Zimbabwe

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-Zimbabwe}} – Photos 50 ans à partir de la fin de l'année de publication, autres œuvres 50 ans à partir de la fin de l'année de la mort de l'auteur.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Zimbabwe Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  2. Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act (Chapter 26:05). Zimbabwe (2004). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux