Commons:Dosiernomoj

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:File naming and the translation is 20% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:File naming and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Dosieroj, alŝutataj en Vikimedian Komunejon, havu taŭgajn nomojn. Kelkaj rekomendoj:

Naming

Names should be

  • descriptive, chosen according to what the image displays or contents portray
  • accurate, especially where scientific names, proper nouns, dates, etc. are used

Names should not be

  • pejorative, offensive or unnecessarily crude language, as such would not be appropriate in the file description

Language, character set and extension

  • Dosierojn oni povas alŝuti kun nomoj en iu ajn lingvo, en iu ajn skribsistemo (enkodite laŭ UTF-8).
  • Titoloj de dosieroj devas havi sencon kaj esti utilaj laŭ la elektita lingvo.
  • Evitu simbolojn (stirsignojn, superfluan interpunkcion ks), kiuj probable povas ricevi specialan signifon en la vikia marklingvo. Bona ideo estas limi sin per graphemic characters, nombroj, substreko (spaceto), ASCIIa streketo/minuso/haltostreko, pluso, kaj punkto.
  • Se la jaro, dato aŭ versio povas esti grava, estas bone enigi ĝin en la dosiernomon.

Overwriting old files

Length

  • File names may be up to 240 bytes long[1], a filename over 240 bytes may break horribly when uploading a new version (As the date is prefixed to the filename for old versions of the file which takes 15 bytes). English filenames will usually use 1 byte per character (some symbols may fall outside the ASCII character set), but for other languages, or cases with non-ASCII characters, 240 bytes may be much less than 240 characters, as these can take up to 4 bytes per character.[2]
    • Tip: Keeping the filename reasonably short reduces need for truncation when the file is downloaded, e.g. on CDs filenames are limited to 31, 64, 197 or 207 bytes or characters, depending on extensions used.
    • Tip: Use the 20 first characters for essential information, as those will show up on category pages.

Renaming

  • Files can be renamed after they have been created, but only under some circumstances, as this breaks inbound links. It is therefore important that a good name is chosen when the file is uploaded. See Commons:File renaming.

Vidu ankaŭ

References

  1. The limit was 255 bytes until late 2011 – see Phabricator: T32202. Existing filenames may be up to 255 bytes, but new uploads are restricted to 240.
  2. Phabricator: T32202