Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Turkmenistan

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎français • ‎magyar • ‎polski • ‎русский

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Turkmenistan relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Turkmenistan must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Turkmenistan and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Turkmenistan, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.


Turkmenistan was annexed to the Russian Empire in 1881, and became part of the Soviet Union in 1917. The Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic was formed in 1924. Turkmenistan became fully independent with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Turkmenistan has been a member of the Berne Convention since 29 May 2016.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012, on Copyright and Related Rights as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Turkmenistan.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012:

  • Copyright lasts for the life of the author and 50 years after his death, except as provided in Article 23(2) to (5).[2012 Article 23(1)]
  • Copyright for works published anonymously or under a pseudonym are valid for 50 years after the date of lawful promulgation.[2012 Article 23(2)]
  • Copyright in a work created in collaboration is valid for life and fifty years after the death of the last of the authors.[2012 Article 23(3)]
  • Copyright in a work first published after the death of the author is valid for 50 years after its release.[2012 Article 23(3)]

Calculation of dates begins on 1 January of the year after the year of the event that is the basis for calculating the duration.[2012 Article 23(3)]

Works not subject to copyright

Under Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012, works not subject to copyright are:[2012 Article 7]

  • Official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of a legislative, administrative and judicial nature), as well as their official translations;
  • State symbols and signs (flag, emblem, anthem, awards, banknotes and other state symbols and signs);
  • Folk art (expressions of folklore);
  • Messages about events and facts that have an informational nature.

Copyright tags

COM:TAG Turkmenistan

See also: Commons:Copyright tags

  • {{PD-TM-exempt}} – Work that is not an object of copyright according to the Civil Code of Turkmenistan of July 17, 1998. Article 1061. Works that are not Objects of Copyright are (a) formal documents (laws, judgments, other texts of administrative and legal nature), and also their official translations; (b) state symbols and signs (flag, coat of arms, anthem, awards, banknotes and other signs); (c) reports on events and facts, which have a purely informational character; (d) works of folk arts.


COM:CUR Turkmenistan

See also: Commons:Currency

Symbol OK.svgOK Turkmenistan currency is not copyrighted. Banknotes and other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012, Article 7.

Please use {{PD-TM-exempt}} for Turkmenistan currency images.

Freedom of panorama

COM:FOP Turkmenistan

See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg Not OK. Only allowed for incidental, non-commercial use. Under Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012, permitted use includes:

  • Reproduction, broadcasting or communication to the public by cable of works of architecture, photography or fine art permanently located in a place open to public access, except when the image of the work is the main subject or it is used for commercial purposes;[2012 Article 19(7)]


See also: Commons:Stamps/Public domain

Public domain According to Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012, Article 7, state symbols and signs (flag, coat of arms, anthem, awards, banknotes and other signs) are not copyrightable; therefore the postage stamps of Turkmenistan are in public domain. Use the {{PD-TK-exempt}} tag for each image.

See also


  1. a b Turkmenistan Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. Law No. 257-IV of January 10, 2012, on Copyright and Related Rights (in Russian). Turkmenistan (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. See also: Commons:General disclaimer