Commons:Hirtle chart/zh

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This is a Commons tags translation table of the chart created by Peter B. Hirtle of Cornell University, now uploaded as this PDF document. It is a best effort to guide people in determining when images enter the public domain in the United States.

须知

声乐类及建筑类以外的作品

从未出版,也从未登记过的作品
作品种类 版权期 在2018年1月1日前在美国属于公有领域 版权标签
未出版的作品
  • 在已知作者去世日期的情况下:应在作者去世后七十年使用
  • 其他作品:在创作后120年进入公有领域
  • works from author who died before 1948
  • Created before 1898

{{PD-US-unpublished}}
{{PD-old-70}}

作品最初在美国登记Published
出版日期 Conditions 版权期 Commons copyright tag
Before 1923 None. In the public domain due to copyright expiration {{PD-1923}}
1923 through 1977 出版时无版权标签 None. In the public domain due to failure to comply with required formalities {{PD-US-no notice}}
1978-1989年2月28日 Published without notice, and without subsequent registration within 5 years None. In the public domain due to failure to comply with required formalities {{PD-US-1978-89}}
1978 through 28 February 1989 Published without notice, but with subsequent registration within 5 years
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author.
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
  • {{PD-old-70}}
  • n/a (earliest 2074) OR
  • n/a (earliest 2099)
1923 through 1963 出版时有版权声明但版权状况尚未更新 None. In the public domain due to copyright expiration {{PD-US-not renewed}}
1923 through 1963 Published with notice and the copyright was renewed 95 years after publication date n/a (earliest 2019)
1964-1977 Published with notice 出版后95年 无(最早2060年)
1978-1989年2月28日 1977年后创作并有版权声明
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first

无(最早2074年或2099年)

1978 through 28 February 1989 在1978年以前创作,有版权声明并在特殊历史时期出版 The greater of the term specified in the previous entry or 31 December 2047
  • n/a (earliest 2048) but after 2048 either:
    • {{PD-old-70}}
    • n/a (earliest 2074)
    • n/a (earliest 2099)
1 March 1989 through 2002 Created after 1977
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author.
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
  • {{PD-old-70}}
  • n/a (earliest 2085) OR
  • n/a (earliest 2098)
1 March 1989 through 2002 Created before 1978 and first published in this period The greater of the term specified in the previous entry or 31 December 2047
  • earliest 2047, after 2047 either:
    • {{PD-old-70}}
    • n/a (earliest 2085) OR
    • n/a (latest 2098)
2003 or later None
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author.
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
Anytime 由美国政府官员或雇员在执行公务时创作的作品 无。在美国属于公有领域

One of the copyright templates in Category:PD-USGov license tags

Works First Published Outside the U.S. by citizens of foreign nations[2] or U.S. Citizens Living Abroad. On Commons these cases also need to be free according to copyright terms in the country of publication. These terms are not part of this table.
Date of Publication Conditions Copyright Term Commons copyright tag
Before 1923 None In the public domain (But see first special case below) {{PD-1923}}
Works Published Abroad Before 1978
1923 through 1977 Published without compliance with US formalities, and in the public domain in its source country as of URAA date[3] In the public domain {{PD-1996}}
1923 through 1977 Published in compliance with all US formalities (notice, and renewal for pre-1964 works) 95 years after publication date (earliest 2019)
1923 through 1977 Solely published abroad, without compliance with US formalities or republication in the US, and not in the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3] 95 years after publication date (earliest 2019)
1923 through 1977 在其他国家出版30日内在美国出版 Use the US publication chart to determine duration
1923 through 1977 Published in the US more than 30 days after publication abroad, without compliance with US formalities, and not in the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3] 95 years after publication date (earliest 2019)
Works Published Abroad After 1 January 1978
1 January 1978 through 28 February 1989 Published without copyright notice, and in the public domain in its source country as of URAA date[3] In the public domain {{PD-1996}}
1 January 1978 through 28 February 1989 Published with copyright notice Use the US publication chart to determine duration
1 March 1989 or later Published without copyright notice, and in the public domain in its source country as of URAA date[3] Use the US publication chart to determine duration
1 January 1978 or later Published either with or without copyright notice, and not in the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3] Use the US publication chart to determine duration
Special Cases
1 July 1909 through 1978 仅在阿拉斯加,亚利桑那,加利福尼亚,夏威夷,爱达荷,蒙大拿,内华达,俄勒冈,华盛顿等州,及北马里亚纳群岛有效。用除了英语外的其他语言出版,且后来没有再版的作品用copyright notice Treat as an unpublished work until such date as first US-compliant publication occurred
Before 19 Aug. 1954 在老挝由老挝人出版 在公有领域中 {{PD-Laos}}
After 18 Aug. 1954 Published by a Laotian in Laos Use the US publication chart to determine duration {{PD-Laos}} + a US PD template
Prior to 27 May 1973 Published by a national of Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan in either country In the public domain n/a
After 26 May 1973 Published by a national of Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan in either country May be protected under the UCC n/a
Anytime Created by a resident of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, or San Marino, and published in one of these countries Not protected by US copyright law until they become party to bilateral or international copyright agreements {{Copyright notes}}
Anytime Works whose copyright was once owned or administered by the Alien Property Custodian, and whose copyright, if restored, would as of the URAA date[3], be owned by a government Not protected by US copyright law {{PD-US-alien property}}
Anytime If published in one of the following countries, the URAA date given above is replaced by the date of the country's membership in the Berne Convention or the World Trade Organization, whichever is earlier:

Andorra, Angola, Armenia, Bhutan, Cambodia, Comoros, Jordan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Micronesia, Montenegro, Nepal, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tonga, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

... ...

声音

The following information applies only to the sound recording itself, and not to any copyrights in underlying compositions or texts.

Date of Fixation/Publication Conditions What was in the public domain in the U.S. as of 1 January 2018 Commons copyright tag
Unpublished Sound Recordings, Domestic and Foreign
Prior to 15 Feb. 1972 Indeterminate Subject to state common law protection. Enters the public domain on 15 Feb. 2067 (latest 15 Feb. 2067)
15 Feb. 1972 or later Life of the author + 70 years. For anonymous and corporate works,[1] 120 years from the date of fixation Nothing. The soonest anything enters the public domain is 15 Feb. 2067 (earliest 15 Feb. 2067)
Sound Recordings Published in the United States
Fixed prior to 15 Feb. 1972 None. Subject to state statutory and/or common law protection. Fully enters the public domain on 15 Feb. 2067 (latest 15 Feb. 2067)
15 Feb. 1972 through 1977 在没有版权声明的情况下出版(即无出版年份及版权持有者的姓名。) In the public domain {{PD-US-no notice}}
15 Feb. 1972 through 1977 Published with notice 95 years from publication. 2068 at the earliest (earliest 2068)
1978 through 28 February 1989 Published without notice, and without subsequent registration In the public domain {{PD-US-1978-89}}
1978 through 28 February 1989 Published with notice 70 years after death of author, or if work of corporate authorship, the shorter of 95 years from publication, or 120 years from creation. 2049 at the earliest
1 March 1989 or later None
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author.
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first

2049 at the earliest

(earliest 2049), after 2049
  • {{PD-old-70}}
    • (earliest 2085)
    • (earliest 2110)
Sound Recordings Published Outside the United States
Prior to 1923 None Subject to state statutory and/or common law protection. Fully enters the public domain on 15 Feb. 2067 (latest 15 Feb. 2067)
1923 through 28 February 1989 In the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3] or there was US publication within 30 days of the foreign publication (but see special cases) Subject to state common law protection. Enters the public domain on 15 Feb. 2067 (latest 15 Feb. 2067)
1923 to 15 Feb. 1972 Not in the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3]. At least one author of the work was not a US citizen or was living abroad, and there was no US publication within 30 days of the foreign publication (but see special cases) Enters public domain on 15 Feb. 2067 n/a (latest 15 Feb. 2067)
15 Feb. 1972 through 1977 Not in the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3]. At least one author of the work was not a US citizen or was living abroad, and there was no US publication within 30 days of the foreign publication (but see special cases) 95 years from date of publication. 2068 at the earliest n/a (earliest 2068)
1978 through 28 February 1989 Not in the public domain in its home country as of URAA date[3]. At least one author of the work was not a US citizen or was living abroad, and there was no US publication within 30 days of the foreign publication (but see special cases)
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author.
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
  • {{PD-old-70}}
    • (earliest 2074)
    • (earliest 2099)
1 March 1989 or later None
  • Known author with a known date of death: 70 years after the death of author.
  • Other works[1]: 95 years from publication OR 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
  • {{PD-old-70}}
    • (earliest 2085)
    • (earliest 2110)
Special Cases
Fixed at any time Created by a resident of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, or San Marino, and published in one of these countries 不被美国版权法保护,因为他们不是国际版权法的参与国 n/a, n/a, {{PD-Iran}}, {{PD-Iraq}}
Fixed prior to 1996 Works whose copyright was once owned or administered by the Alien Property Custodian, and whose copyright, if restored, would as of URAA date[3] be owned by a government Not protected by US copyright law {{PD-US-alien property}}
Fixed at any time If fixed or solely published in one of the following countries, the URAA date given above is replaced by the date of the country's membership in the Berne Convention or the World Trade Organization, whichever is earlier:

Andorra, Angola, Armenia, Bhutan, Cambodia, Comoros, Jordan, Korea, Democratic People's Republic, Micronesia, Montenegro, Nepal, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tonga, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen

... ...

建筑作品

建筑计划和绘制的图像可能也会被作为文字/图像保护

设计日期 建设日期 版权状况 版权标签
早于1990年12月1日 在2002年12月31日前仍未建造 仅保护计划和设计图 {{PD-US-architecture}}
早于1990年12月1日 在1990年12月1日前建造 仅保护计划和设计图 {{PD-US-architecture}}
早于1990年12月1日 建于1990年11月30日及2002年12月31日间 建筑的版权保护期至设计师去世70年后,或者作品是由公司法人创作,则最短为出版后95年或创作后120年进入公有领域。 {{FoP-US}}
从1990年12月1日 非物质 Building is protected for 70 years after death of author, or if work of corporate authorship, the shorter of 95 years from publication, or 120 years from creation {{FoP-US}}
  1. a b c d e f g h 佚名,匿名,或受雇而做,以及作者的去世时间不详的作品
  2. US English term: Foreign nationals
  3. a b c d e f g h i j k l 适用大部分国家,详尽列表见w:Wikipedia:Non-U.S. copyrights
CC-BY-3.0
  • © 2004–2011 Peter B. Hirtle. Last updated . Use of this chart is governed by the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  • Wiki adaptation by User:TheDJ. If you spot an error, please discuss on the Talk page.
  • This page does not constitute legal advice.

参见