共享资源:图像注释

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Image annotations and the translation is 37% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Image annotations and have to be approved by a translation administrator.
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ShortcutCOM:ANN

图像注释工具的目的是提升图像描述的相关信息质量。注释可以添加在描述中未尽的信息。正确使用本工具可以帮助他人,但某些使用方式只是让信息更加混乱。对于用户来说浏览注释比浏览描述更耗费精力,因此最好请不要让看到注释的人感到失望。

图像注释应包含图像其中体现的特点、细节或者重点。一般来说部分信息量大图像很需要图像注释,如集体像、全景照片、航拍图像、卫星图像、地图和图表,这些图像的内容很难简单描述。像旗帜、徽章、电脑图标、单人像等简单而缺少细节的图像一般不需要详细的注释。当然这个规则可以有一些特例。图像注释应与框内概述的图像区域相关。请在描述时注意中立性(见COM:NPOV)。描述中也可以链入资源分类和画廊,以及维基百科条目。

具信息性的注释的例子

  • 能帮助识别集体照或集体画中的具体人物。例如:12345
  • 能帮助识别全景/航空照片中的地方/物体/位置。例如:1234
  • 能帮助识别某个图像中重要但难以识别的东西。例如:12
  • identify the various elements of a composition. Examples: 1, 2
  • zoom into more detailed images or show another angle of view. Example: 1, 2
  • transcribing inscriptions, signs, or words in the image. Examples: 1, 2. If the entire image is a sign or an inscription, this should be done in the {{Information}} template only. This can be useful with hard-to-read or -notice signs. It allows text translations and can allow search engines to find the image based on such text.

不适当的和不具信息性的注释的例子

  • 谈论图像(“我喜欢这个”,“这张照片曝光不足”,“很漂亮的人!”,“糟糕的复制品”,“描述是错误的”等等),或在一般情况下对图像进行评论,而不是中立地描述图像中的特征。使用文件讨论页来评论图像(在每个文件描述页的顶部有一个“讨论”链接)。
  • notes containing derogatory comments of any kind, or containing any text that is not neutral. Such notes are considered vandalism.
  • notes too small to see easily. Bear in mind that you might be looking at a scaled-down version of an image, though.
  • notes with text relevant to the whole image. For example single person portraits. Such explanations are better written on the file page, typically in the "description" section of the {{Information}} table. Edit the file page directly (click on the "edit" link at the top of the page), locate a line starting with "description=", and add your text after that.
  • notes with information plainly visible in the image, like: ear (on a portrait), car (on a street scene), head (on a full shot).
  • notes on animated files where note is correctly placed only in a single frame. These types of notes are more likely to be confusing and should be used with caution.
  • notes used to point out details of the image related to a discussion, for example on COM:FPC or COM:DR pages. Please use local annotations for that purpose.
  • joke notes and notes with text not related to the image.
  • attribution notes.

Note: adding clearly inappropriate notes to images is considered vandalism and, if repeated, will get users adding such notes blocked. The types of notes described in this section should be removed. Occasionally notes contain useful information which would be better placed in the description or in the talk pages, such information should be copied prior to note removal.

对注释语言的选择

  • 如果可能的话,注释应该简洁明确并且语言上保持独立,比如人名/地名
  • 否则,注释应当
    • language templates, like {{En}} or {{Fr}}, to show all language versions on a single note, or the
    • language switch mechanism, see {{LangSwitch}}, to show user's preferred language
  • Links should be to Commons categories or galleries (with interwiki links), English Wikipedia, or Wikipedia in the language most related to the image.
  • If links lead to Wikipedia, language templates (e.g. {{En}}) should be used.

Local annotations

The above guidelines relate to image annotations located in the file pages. Many types of inappropriate and not-informative notes mentioned above would be appropriate when stored as local annotations.