Commons:Language guide

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to: navigation, search

This language guide suggests adding descriptions to, or requesting descriptions of Wikimedia Commons files and media depending on the country involved in the media. By adding the following languages you will help the Wikimedia Commons internationalize and make it accessible to a wider audience. The purpose is to help Wikipedians make efforts to translate file, category, and image descriptions into "local languages" for the relevant country(ies).

Remember that with Commons media and images: the more languages, the merrier. Please do not remove a language from a file or category just because the language does not appear on a list for a particular country.

Ideally a file is described in at least English and local/regional languages.

When uploading files and stumbling upon files with insufficient descriptions, it is often a good idea to describe it in a language you know well (e.g. your mother tongue), regardless of whether it is a high priority language for that file, as a good description is a better base for translations and discussions.

There are lots of poorly described files at Commons, and lots of files described in only one language. Any added description or translation is good, but you might want to choose files and languages which give the most value for your efforts.

Suggestions for languages[edit]

Sorted by country[edit]

  • Worldwide (all countries): English
    • Because English is the worldwide lingua franca, every media file and/or category on the Wikimedia Commons should have an English description. If it is about a graphic file, such as a map, written in a non-English language, please have an English description anyway and indicate the language of the file/image/video. For example:
      English: Map of Germany (Thai)
  • Afghanistan: Dari (Eastern Persian) and Pashto
  • Albania: Albanian
  • Algeria: Standard Arabic, French, Berber (in Berber areas)
  • American Samoa: Samoan
  • Andorra: Catalan - Other common languages: Spanish, Portuguese, French
  • Angola: Portuguese, Kikongo, Chokwe, Umbundu, Kimbundu, Ganguela, Kwanyama
  • Anguilla (UK): Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Antigua and Barbuda: Antiguan Creole
  • Argentina: Spanish
    • Regional languages: Araucano, Guaraní, Quechua, Mapudungun - Communities of Italian, Arabic, German, and Yiddish speakers exist
  • Armenia: Armenian
  • Australia: Use languages of immigrant communities (such as Arabic, Greek, Vietnamese, etc.) in related media. Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Azerbaijan: Azeri
    • Areas controlled by Nagorno-Karabakh Republic internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan: Armenian
  • Bahrain: Standard Arabic
  • Barbados: Regional language: Bajan
  • Belgium: French, Dutch, German
  • Belize: English is national but Spanish is important, Belizean Creole is the main lingua franca - others spoken in Belize: Garifuna, Maya (Kek'Chi), Maya (Mopan), Maya (Yucatec), Plautdietsch, Cantonese
  • Benin: French, Fon, Yoruba
  • Bermuda (UK): Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Bolivia: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, and where applicable other native languages
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosnian
  • Botswana: Setswana/Tswana
  • Brazil: Portuguese
    • Add indigenous languages, and also historical immigrant languages (German, Italian, Japanese, etc), when warranted.
  • Burkina Faso: French, Mòoré, Mandinka, Bambara
  • Burundi: French, Rundi/Kirundi
  • Cambodia: Khmer (Cambodian)
  • Cape Verde: Portuguese, Cape Verdean Creole
  • Cayman Islands (UK): Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Central African Republic: French, Sango
  • Chad: French, Standard Arabic
  • China, People's Republic of: Mandarin Chinese (Simplified and Traditional)
    • Depending on region, add regional Chinese dialects (such as Wu, Cantonese, Hakka, Gan, etc.) too as well as minority languages such as Korean, Kazakh (Arabic script), Krygyz (Arabic script), Tibetan, Uighur, etc.
    • Hong Kong: Mandarin Chinese (Traditional and Simplified) and Cantonese
    • Macau: Mandarin Chinese (Traditional and Simplified), Cantonese, and Portuguese
  • Colombia: Spanish
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of: French (national), Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, Tshiluba
  • Congo, Republic of: French (national), Kongo, Lingala
  • Costa Rica: Spanish
  • Czech Republic: Czech
  • Denmark: Danish
  • Dominica: Antillean Creole, French
  • Dominican Republic: Spanish
  • Djibouti: French, Standard Arabic, Somali, and Afar
  • East Timor (Timor Leste): Tetum, Portuguese, Indonesian
  • Ecuador: Spanish, Kichwa (Quichua), Shuar, other indigenous languages
  • Egypt: Standard Arabic, Egyptian Arabic (Masry)
  • El Salvador: Spanish
  • Eritrea: Tigrinya, Standard Arabic
  • Estonia: Estonian, Russian
  • Ethiopia: Amharic
    • Regional languages: Oromo, Somali, Tigrinya, Sidamo, Wolaytta, Gurage, Afar, Hadiyya, Gamo, etc.
  • Equatorial Guinea: Spanish (country has also recognized French and Portuguese as official so you can add them if you want: Spanish is main language)
    • Also add African languages: Fang, Bube, Igbo, Pidgin English, Annobonese
  • Faroe Islands (Denmark): Danish and Faroese
  • Finland: Finnish, Swedish; in the north, and for nationally important objects, also Sami
  • Fiji: Fijian, Fiji Hindi
  • France (including French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion): French
    • Regional languages (Breton, Occitan, German, Italian) and immigrant languages (including but not limited to Arabic, Chinese, Russian, Turkish, Vietnamese, Wolof) when applicable
  • French Polynesia (France): French and Tahitian
  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands including the Kerguelen Islands (France): French
  • French Polynesia (French): French, Tahitian
  • Gambia: Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer, Jola
  • Germany: German
    • Add German dialects (such as Low German/Plattdüütsch, Alemannic German) and/or ethnic languages (such as Turkish) when applicable
  • Georgia: Georgian
    • Abkhazia-controlled areas internationally recognized as Georgia: Georgian and Russian
  • Ghana:
    • Regional languages: Akuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Ewe, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Mfantse, Nzema
    • Immigrant languages: Chinese, Hausa, Hindi, Lebanese Arabic, Sindhi, Yoruba
  • Greece: Greek
  • Grenada: Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Guam (United States): Japanese (for Japanese tourists), Chamorro, Spanish (historical documents)
  • Guatemala: Spanish, Native languages when needed
  • Guernsey (United Kingdom'): French, Guernésiais, Sercquiais, Auregnais
  • Guinea: French, Fula, Maninka, Susu
  • Guinea-Bissau: Portuguese, Crioulo
  • Guyana: Guyanese Creole
  • Haiti: Haitian Creole, French
  • Honduras: Spanish
  • Hungary: Hungarian
  • Iceland: Icelandic
  • India: Hindi
    • Add regional languages when applicable - Major regional languages include but are not limited to: Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Eastern Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu - Also consider Portuguese for Goa and French for Puducherry/Pondicherry
  • Indonesia: Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
    • Add regional languages when applicable: Including Acehnese, Banjar, Banyumasan, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese
  • Iran: Persian (Farsi)
    • Regional/ethnic languages such as Armenian, Azeri, Baloch, etc. when warranted
  • Ireland: Irish
  • Iraq: Arabic, Sorani Kurdish
  • Israel: Hebrew, Arabic, and Russian
  • Italy: Italian
    • Add regional languages when applicable, German in South Tyrol, French in the Aosta Valley - Add minority/immigrant languages (including but not limited to Albanian, Ukranian, Tagalog/Filipino) when needed
  • Japan: Japanese
    • Regional languages are Okinawan and Ainu - Minority languages of immigrants can include: Chinese, Korean, Portuguese, and/or Spanish
  • Jersey (UK): French, Jèrriais
  • Kazakhstan: Kazakh, Russian
  • Kenya: Swahili - Other ethnic languages when applicable
  • Kiribati: Gilbertese
  • Kyrgyzstan: Kyrgyz, Russian
  • North Korea: Korean
  • South Korea: Korean
  • Kosovo: Albanian, Serbian
  • Kuwait: Standard Arabic
  • Latvia: Latvian, Russian
  • Laos: Lao
  • Lebanon: Standard Arabic, French
  • Lesotho: Sesotho (Sotho)
  • Libya: Standard Arabic
  • Liechtenstein: German
  • Lithuania: Lithuanian, Russian - Other languages include Polish, Belarusian, Ukranian, and Yiddish
  • Luxembourg: French, German, Luxembourgish
  • Macedonia FYROM: Macedonian
  • Malawi: Chichewa
  • Malaysia: Malay, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil - You may also add other Chinese dialects (Cantonese/Hakka), Telugu, Punjabi or other Indian languages, and/or other indigenous languages
  • Mali: French, Bambara, Tuareg, other regional languages
  • Mauritania: Standard Arabic, French
  • Marshall Islands: Japanese (for Japanese tourists), Marshallese
  • Mexico: Spanish
    • Add indigenous languages when applicable
  • Micronesia FSM: Japanese (for Japanese tourists), regional languages
  • Moldova: Romanian (official), Russian
    • For Transnistria-controlled areas, Romanian (both in Latin and Cyrillic), Russian, and Ukranian
  • Monaco: French (official), Monégasque, Italian, Occitan (three of four common languages with the other being English)
  • Mongolia: Mongol
  • Montserrat (UK): Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Morocco: Standard Arabic, French
  • Mozambique: Portuguese, Swahili, Makhuwa, Sena
  • Namibia: Afrikaans, German, Rukwangali, Silozi, Setswana, Damara/Nama, Herero, Oshiwambo
  • Nauru: Nauruan
  • Nepal: Nepalese
  • Netherlands: Dutch, when necessary add regional dialects such as Low Saxon/Nedersaksies and Frisian; and possibly immigrant languages (such as Arabic and Papiamento/Papiamentu)
  • New Caledonia (France): French
  • New Zealand: Maori - Also add immigrant languages such as Mandarin Chinese and Samoan when applicable
  • Niger: French (national), Hausa, Fulfulde, Gourmanchéma, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamasheq
  • Nigeria: Yoruba, Hausa, Igbo, and other regional languages
  • Norway: Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk); in the north also Sami
  • Oman: Standard Arabic
  • Pakistan: Urdu
    • Add regional languages when applicable: Some include Sindhi, Punjabi, Baloch, Pashto, Saraiki, Balti, etc.
  • Palestinian areas: Standard Arabic
  • Panama: Spanish
  • Papua New Guinea: Regional languages when possible
  • Paraguay: Spanish, Guaraní
  • Peru: Spanish, in minority areas: Quechua
  • Philippines: Tagalog
    • Add regional languages where applicable: Including Cebuano, Ilokano, Waray-Waray, etc.
  • Poland: Polish
  • Portugal: Portuguese; Mirandese (Asturian-Leonese) where applicable; immgirants’ languages (Capeverdean, Ukrainian, Konkani) where applicable
  • Puerto Rico (United States): Spanish
  • Qatar: Standard Arabic
  • Romania: Romanian
  • Russian Federation: Russian
    • Add regional languages when applicable: Including Chechen, Ossete, Sakha, Tatar, Tuvan, etc.
  • Rwanda: French, Kinyarwanda
    • Even though there are Rwandan government efforts to eliminate the French language, do not remove French descriptions from files
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Saint Lucia: Saint Lucian Creole French
  • Samoa: Samoan
  • San Marino: Italian
  • São Tomé and Príncipe: Portuguese, Forro, Angolar, Principense
  • Saudi Arabia: Standard Arabic
  • Senegal: French (national), Wolof, Fula, Serer, etc.
  • Serbia: Serbian
  • Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone Krio (de facto lingua franca), Temne, Mende (Bengali is also named an official language but seems to be symbolic)
  • Singapore: Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil
  • Slovakia: Slovak
  • Slovenia: Slovene
  • Solomon Islands: Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Somalia: Somali and Standard Arabic
    • Areas controlled by Somaliland: Somali and Standard Arabic
  • South Africa: Afrikaans, Xhosa, Zulu, Sesotho (Sotho), Setswana (Tswana), Swazi (Swati), and/or other official languages
  • South Sudan: Add regional languages such as Bari, Dinka, Murle, Nuer, Zande, etc.
  • Spain: (Castillian) Spanish, regional languages (Aragonese, Basque, Catalan, Galician, etc) where applicable and for some media related to the national state
  • Sri Lanka: Sinhala and Tamil
  • Surinam: Dutch (national), Sranan, Tongo, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani, Javanese
  • Swaziland: Swazi (Swati)
  • Sweden: Swedish; in the north also Sami
  • Switzerland: German, French, Italian, Romansch
  • Syria: Standard Arabic
  • Taiwan (Republic of China): Mandarin Chinese, Japanese, also add Taiwanese Min-Nan (Ban-lam-gu)
  • Tajikistan: Tajik, Russian
  • Tanzania: Swahili - Other ethnic languages when applicable
  • Thailand: Thai
  • Togo: French, Gbe languages, Kotocoli, Kabiyé
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Tunisia: Standard Arabic, French, Berber (in Berber areas)
  • Turkmenistan: Turkmen, Russian
  • Tuvalu: Tuvaluan
  • Uganda: Swahili - Other ethnic languages when applicable
  • Ukraine: Ukranian and Russian
  • United Arab Emirates: Standard Arabic
  • United Kingdom:
    • Welsh in Wales
    • Gaelic in Northern Ireland
    • Scottish Gaelic in Scotland
    • Scots in Scotland, Northern Ireland
    • Ethnic languages when applicable: Such as Punjabi, Chinese, Urdu, Hindi, etc.
  • United States:
    • Spanish in many places, especially Puerto Rico, U.S. states bordering Mexico, Florida, and major cities as well as some state and federal-related topics
    • Add other languages when appropriate in regards to ethnic neighborhoods/Communities and indigenous languages for Native American, Hawaiian, and Native Alaskan areas
  • United States Virgin Islands: Use languages other than English if/when warranted
  • Uzbekistan: Uzbek, Russian
  • Vanuatu: French, Bislama
  • Vatican City: Italian
  • Venezuela: Spanish
  • Yemen: Standard Arabic
  • Zambia: Bemba, Tonga, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Nyanja, Chewa
  • Zimbabwe: Shona, Northern Ndebele, and other national languages

Sorted by language[edit]

  • English: Worldwide
    • Because English is the worldwide lingua franca, every media file and/or category on the Wikimedia Commons should have an English description. If it is about a graphic file, such as a map, written in a non-English language, please have an English description anyway and indicate the language of the file/image/video. For example:
      English: Map of Germany (Thai)
  • Acehnese: Aceh region of Indonesia
  • Afrikaans: South Africa and Namibia
  • Albanian: Albania, Kosovo
  • Amharic: Ethiopia
  • Modern Standard Arabic: Arab League, Chad, Israel
  • Egyptian Arabic (Masry): Egypt
  • Armenian: Armenia, Armenian areas in Iran, Armenian overseas communities in Canada, France, the United States, etc.
  • Azeri: Azerbaijan
  • Balinese: Bali in Indonesia
  • Baloch: Baloch areas in Pakistan and Iran
  • Bengali: Bangladesh, West Bengal in India, Bengali immigrant communities in Canada, the UK, the US, etc.
  • Bosnian: Bosnia and Hersegovina
  • Breton: Brittany in France
  • Burmese: Burma (Myanmar)
  • Catalan: Catalonia in Spain and other Catalan-speaking areas there, Catalan-speaking areas in France and Italy, Andorra
  • Cebuano: Central Visayas and areas of Mindanao in the Philippines
  • Mandarin Chinese: Mainland China; Taiwan; Hong Kong; Macau; Malaysia; Singapore; ethnic Chinese communities (originating from all provinces/regions of Greater China and also Chinese originating from Singapore and Malaysia) in the US, Canada, Europe, Australia, and elsewhere; Han Chinese communities in Africa
  • Written Cantonese: Hong Kong; Guangdong Province of Mainland China; Cantonese immigrant communities in the UK, US, Canada, and elsewhere
  • Classical Chinese: Media related to China before 1920s adoption of vernacular Chinese, Republic of China government documents until Yen Chia-kan reforms
  • Chechen: Chechnya
  • Chin (Hakha Chin??): Chin areas in Burma/Chin State and Chin immigrant communities in the US and elsewhere
  • Chuukese (Trukese): Chuuk (Truk) in FSM
  • Cornish: Cornwall in England
  • Czech: Czech Republic
  • Danish: Denmark
  • Dari (Persian dialect): Afghanistan
  • Dutch: Netherlands, Belgium, Surinam
  • Estonian: Estonia
  • Faroese: Faroe Islands under sovereignty of Denmark
  • Finnish: Finland
  • French: France, Canada (especially Quebec, New Brunswick, and Ontario), Belgium, Switzerland, Francophone Africa, the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), the French Caribbean, and the French Pacific, Aosta Valley in Italy, Guernsey and Jersey (crown dependencies of the UK)
    • French is also useful in: International relations-related files; topics related to the 18th century, 19th century, and early 20th century when French was a common lingua franca in Western Europe and the diplomatic world; information related to French colonization
  • West Frisian: Friesland in the Netherlands
  • Gaelic: Northern Ireland
  • Scottish Gaelic: Scotland
  • Gan: Jiangxi province in China and Gan-speaking areas in Anhui, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, etc.
  • Georgian: Georgia
  • Standard German: Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, portions of eastern France, South Tyrol in Italy, Namibia
    • German is also useful in: Topics about science (many works of science in the 19th and early 20th century were written in German) and files about former German colonization
  • Low German: Northern Germany, minority areas (for Low Saxon in the Netherlands see below)
  • Greek: Greece, Cyprus
  • Guaraní: Paraguay
  • Gujarati: Gujarat, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli in India, other Gujarati-speaking areas in India, some immigrant communities in Canada, UK, and/or elsewhere
  • Haitian Creole: Haiti, Haitian immigrant communities in the US and elsewhere
  • Hakka: Hakka-speaking areas in eastern Guangdong, Fujian, and Jiangxi in China and possibly Hakka-speakers in Taiwan and abroad
  • Hawaiian: Hawaii
  • Hebrew: Israel
  • Hindi: India, also ethnic north Indian communities in other countries
  • White Hmong (Dawb): Hmong areas in Laos, Hmong immigrant communities in the US and other countries
  • Hungarian: Hungary
  • Icelandic: Iceland
  • Igbo: Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea (minority language)
  • Ilokano: Areas of northern Luzon, Philippines
  • Indonesian: Indonesia
  • Italian: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City
    • Italian is also useful in: Files about former Italian colonization
  • Japanese: Japan, Taiwan, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, also overseas Japanese immigrant and expatriate communities in the U.S., Europe, etc.
    • Japanese is also useful in: Files about former Japanese colonization
  • Javanese: Java in Indonesia
  • Kannada: Karnataka and Kannada-speaking areas in India
  • Karen: Karen areas in Burma (Myanmar), Karen communities in the United States
  • Kazakh: Kazakhstan, Kazakh areas in China (Cyrillic script with both, but add Arabic script Kazakh for areas in China)
  • Kinyarwanda: Rwanda
  • Kirundi: Burundi
  • Khmer (Cambodian): Cambodia and Cambodian immigrant communities in the U.S., France, etc.
  • Korean: South Korea and North Korea, Korean-speaking areas in northeast China, Korean immigrant communities in the U.S. and elsewhere
  • Kosraean: Kosrae in FSM, and minority areas elsewhere in the Caroline Islands and Nauru
  • Kurmanji Kurdish: Kurdish areas in Syria and Turkey
  • Sorani Kurdish: Iraqi Kurdistan and some aspects of the Iraqi national government, Kurdish areas in Iran
  • Kyrgyz: Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz areas in China (Cyrillic script with all countries, but add Arabic script Kyrgyz for areas in China), Kyrgyz areas in other countries
  • Lao: Laos
  • Latin: Material about the Roman Empire, Medieval texts/media written in Latin
  • Latvian: Latvia
  • Ligurian: Liguria in Italy, Alpes Maritimes, Corsica
    • Monégasque dialect: Monaco and the Monaco neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Lithuanian: Lithuania
  • Malay: Malaysia, Singapore
  • Malayalam: Kerala and Malayalam-speaking areas in India, some immigrant communities in Canada, UK, and/or elsewhere
  • Marathi: Marathi-speaking areas in India, some immigrant communities in Canada and/or elsewhere
  • Marshallese: Marshall Islands
  • Minangkabau: West Sumatra, Riau, South Aceh, northern areas of Bengkulu and Jambi
  • Min Dong (Eastern Min): Eastern Fujian Province in China
  • Moldovan: See Romanian
  • Mongol: Mongolia, Inner Mongolia in China (Cyrillic script with both, but add traditional script when possible to media related to Inner Mongolia)
  • Classical Nahuatl: Material written in that language in the 16th Century
  • Nepali: Nepal, Sikkim in India, Darjeeling district in West Bengal in India
  • Norwegian: Norway
  • Occitan: Southern France, Monaco, Occitan Valleys of Italy, Val d'Aran of Spain, and Guardia Piemontese in Calabria in Italy
  • Oromo: Oromo-speaking areas in Ethiopia and Oromo-speaking immigrant communities in the US and elsewhere
  • Ossetic: Northern and Southern Ossetia
  • Ottoman Turkish: Material about the Ottoman Empire
  • Persian (Farsi): Iran, Afghanistan (as Dari) -- For Tajik in Cyrillic script use the Tajik language code
  • Pashto: Afghanistan, portions of Pakistan
  • Pohnpeian: Pohnpei in FSM
  • Polish: Poland, former Polish areas in the Ukraine, Polish communities in the UK, US, Ireland, etc.
  • Portuguese: Portugal, Brazil, Portuguese-speaking Africa, Macao
  • Punjabi:
    • Eastern Punjabi in areas in India (Primary language in: Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh, secondary officially recognized language in: Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, & West Bengal), some immigrant communities in Canada, UK, US, and/or elsewhere
    • Western Punjabi in areas in Pakistan: Punjab, Azad Kashmir, and Islamabad Capital Territory
  • Quechuan languages: Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador
  • Romanian (also known as Moldovan): Romania, Moldova
    • For Transnistria include Latin and Cyrillic forms
  • Romansch: Switzerland
  • Russian: Russia and the former Soviet Union, Israel
  • Sakha: Sakha Republic in Russia
  • Sami: the northern parts of Finland, Norway and Sweden; the Kola peninsula
  • Samoan: Samoa, American Samoa, Samoan communities in the U.S.
  • Low Saxon: eastern Netherlands
  • Scots: Scotland and Northern Ireland
  • Serbian: Serbia, Kosovo
  • Sesotho (Sotho): Lesotho, South Africa
  • Setswana (Tswana): Botswana, South Africa
  • Sicilian: Sicily in Italy
  • Sikkimese: Sikkim in India
  • Sindhi: Sindh, Pakistan and Kutch District in Gujarat in India
  • Old Church Slavonic: In historical documents related to the language
  • Slovak: Slovakia
  • Slovene: Slovenia, Friuli Venezia in Italy, Carinthia and Styria in Austria, Vas in Hungary
  • Somali: Somalia, "Greater Somalia" (Somali ethnic areas in Ethiopia and other countries), and ethnic Somali immigrant communities in the US and elsewhere
  • Spanish: Spain, Mexico, Central America, Spanish-speaking Caribbean and South America, United States (especially Puerto Rico, U.S. states bordering Mexico, Florida, and major cities as well as some state and federal-related topics), Equatorial Guinea
  • Swahili: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique
  • Swazi (Swati): Swaziland, South Africa
  • Swedish: Sweden, Finland
  • Syriac (dialect of Aramaic): Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac/Aramaean communities in Iraq, Turkey, Syria, the United States, and other countries
  • Tajik (dialect of Persian): Tajikistan
  • Tamil: Tamil Nadu in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, overseas Tamil immigrant communities in Canada, the US, UK, etc.
  • Tatar: Tatar-speaking areas in Russia: Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  • Telugu: Andhra Pradesh and Telugu-speaking areas in India, some immigrant communities in Canada and/or elsewhere
  • Thai: Thailand
  • Tigrinya: Eritrea, Ethiopia, and immigrant communities in the US and elsewhere
  • Turkish: Turkey, Northern Cyprus, and immigrant communities in Germany and elsewhere
  • Turkmen: Turkmenistan and Turkmen-minority areas in other countries (Iraq, Iran, etc.)
  • Tuvan: Tuva in Russia
  • Uighur: Xinjiang Province in China
  • Ukranian: Ukraine, Transnistria-controlled areas recognized internationally as part of Moldova
  • Urdu: Pakistan, some states in India
  • Uzbek: Uzbekistan and Uzbek areas in Afghanistan
  • Vietnamese: Vietnam, Vietnamese immigrant communities in the U.S., France, etc.
  • Waray-Waray: Eastern Visayas and other Waray-Waray areas of the Philippines
  • Welsh: Wales
  • Wolof: Senegal, Gambia, and Mauritania
  • Wu Chinese: Shanghai, most of Zhejiang, southern Jiangsu, and other Wu-speaking areas in China
  • Xhosa: South Africa
  • Yapese: Yap in FSM
  • Yiddish: Yiddish-language communities and media from around the world
  • Yoruba: Nigeria, Benin
  • Zulu: South Africa

See also[edit]