Commons:List of meta category criteria

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This is a list of almost all the criteria by which meta categories are sorted by (the "XXX" in "by YYY"). There are some categories that have unique "by YYY"s that may or may not be true meta-cats or can be renamed to a standardized form. These are being reviewed.

Inclusion rules[edit]

  1. Category titles must end with these words and must be preceded by "by YYY".
  2. Categories must be true meta-categories and not simply contain "by XXX" (e.g. Compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart or North by Northwest (1959 film) are obviously excluded).
  3. Only the last one – "by YYY" – in a title counts. For example, only the "by country" in People by occupation by country counts, as "People by occupation" is treated as the subject. This does not apply to "by XXX and YYY" or "by XXX or YYY".
  4. "By XXX" which are solely used in maintenance category names are excluded (e.g. Commons templates by namespace)
  5. "By XXX" which are solely used for category redirects are excluded.
  6. Everything is case-sensitive. (Paint by NumberPaint by number)

The list[edit]

Criteria # of categories # of tagged categories # of non-tagged categories  % of non-tagged categories # of category redirects # of non-redirect
activity 43 21 22 51.2% 3 40
administrative region 2 1 1 50% 1 1
affiliation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
age 56 46 10 17.9% 5 51
airline 1008 457 551 54.7% 37 971
alphabet 6 4 2 33.3% 0 6
ancient territory 2 2 0 0% 0 2
angle between observer and subject's face 10 6 4 40% 3 7
animal 13 6 7 53.8% 1 12
anion 2 2 0 0% 0 2
application 2 1 1 50% 0 2
architect 35 35 0 0% 0 35
architectural style 279 273 6 2.2% 5 274
architecture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
area 13 4 9 69.2% 2 11
area of responsibility 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arranger 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arrondissement 39 3 36 92.3% 2 37
artist 196 184 12 6.1% 7 189
aspect ratio 6 4 2 33.3% 0 6
association 229 102 127 55.5% 2 227
astronomical object 1 1 0 0% 0 1
atomic number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
author 87 45 42 48.3% 3 84
autonomous community 187 141 46 24.6% 2 185
avocation 2 1 1 50% 0 2
background 22 19 3 13.6% 0 22
basin 2 1 1 50% 0 2
bearer type 2 2 0 0% 0 2
behavior 4 3 1 25% 0 4
blazon 1 1 0 0% 0 1
body of water 5 5 0 0% 0 5
body style 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
book 5 4 1 20% 1 4
borough 126 64 62 49.2% 7 119
branch 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
brand 690 154 536 77.7% 13 677
breed 7 3 4 57.1% 0 7
brickwork bond 2 2 0 0% 0 2
builder 3 3 0 0% 0 3
building function 11 11 0 0% 0 11
building material 4 4 0 0% 0 4
building type 2 2 0 0% 0 2
bus 2 1 1 50% 0 2
caliber 1 0 1 100% 1 0
calibre 1 1 0 0% 0 1
camera 9 2 7 77.8% 0 9
camera vehicle 1 1 0 0% 0 1
canton 92 86 6 6.5% 5 87
cartographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
case 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
cause 6 5 1 16.7% 1 5
census division 6 1 5 83.3% 0 6
century 4507 3731 776 17.2% 42 4465
century made 5 4 1 20% 0 5
century of foundation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century shown 2 1 1 50% 0 2
chemical composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
chemical series 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
choreographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
church 17 2 15 88.2% 2 15
church body 5 1 4 80% 0 5
city 17133 5196 11937 69.7% 183 16950
city or village 22 9 13 59.1% 1 21
class 39 17 22 56.4% 2 37
clothing color 1 1 0 0% 0 1
club 25 11 14 56% 12 13
code name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
collection 37 5 32 86.5% 0 37
color 574 305 269 46.9% 21 553
color of background 3 3 0 0% 0 3
color of stars 1 1 0 0% 0 1
colour 61 9 52 85.2% 26 35
comarca 31 22 9 29% 1 30
commemoration 81 50 31 38.3% 3 78
common name 4 3 1 25% 1 3
common named groups 12 10 2 16.7% 1 11
company 59 33 26 44.1% 7 52
competition 13 11 2 15.4% 0 13
composer 18 17 1 5.6% 1 17
composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
compound 2 2 0 0% 0 2
condition 347 335 12 3.5% 1 346
conductor 2 1 1 50% 0 2
conference 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
confession 2 1 1 50% 1 1
configuration 4 1 3 75% 0 4
conflict 25 9 16 64% 0 25
console 1 1 0 0% 0 1
construction 6 4 2 33.3% 0 6
construction company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
construction method 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
constructor 1 1 0 0% 0 1
contained chemical element 1 1 0 0% 0 1
content 8 5 3 37.5% 1 7
continent 7548 7287 261 3.5% 10 7538
convention 1 1 0 0% 0 1
council area 39 24 15 38.5% 0 39
country 22037 17494 4543 20.6% 416 21621
country of destination 2 2 0 0% 0 2
country of operation 3 3 0 0% 0 3
country of origin 46 33 13 28.3% 4 42
country of residence 1 1 0 0% 0 1
country of service 82 54 28 34.1% 2 80
country or territory 7 7 0 0% 0 7
country subdivision 13 9 4 30.8% 0 13
county 2515 1331 1184 47.1% 75 2440
creator 13 13 0 0% 0 13
cross-section 6 6 0 0% 0 6
crosshead type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ČSD classes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cultivation type 1 0 1 100% 0 1
culture 35 19 16 45.7% 0 35
current location 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
cylinder layout 4 4 0 0% 0 4
damage type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date 610 593 17 2.8% 10 600
date of closure 2 2 0 0% 0 2
date of destruction 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of groundbreaking 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of opening 1 1 0 0% 0 1
day 58 41 17 29.3% 0 58
decade 3160 2915 245 7.8% 38 3122
decade of establishment 7 7 0 0% 0 7
deformation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
deity 6 6 0 0% 0 6
denomination 137 116 21 15.3% 4 133
department 966 838 128 13.3% 24 942
dependency 1 1 0 0% 0 1
descent 4 3 1 25% 1 3
designer 18 14 4 22.2% 0 18
detail 15 6 9 60% 1 14
diocese 42 25 17 40.5% 1 41
director 3 3 0 0% 0 3
discipline 7 5 2 28.6% 0 7
disease 2 1 1 50% 0 2
district 1028 387 641 62.4% 12 1016
district or statutory city 9 9 0 0% 0 9
drive-system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
domain 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
dynasty 17 11 6 35.3% 0 17
educational level 5 4 1 20% 0 5
element 4 4 0 0% 0 4
engine cylinder layout 2 1 1 50% 1 1
engraver 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ENI number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
ensemble 2 1 1 50% 0 2
epoch 5 4 1 20% 1 4
era 55 47 8 14.5% 5 50
establishment 3 3 0 0% 0 3
ethnic group 14 8 6 42.9% 1 13
ethnicity 18 10 8 44.4% 1 17
event 25 11 14 56% 2 23
faith 72 60 12 16.7% 8 64
familia 1 1 0 0% 0 1
family 30 14 16 53.3% 1 29
family role 2 2 0 0% 0 2
federal entity 1 0 1 100% 1 0
field 28 16 12 42.9% 0 28
file format 10 6 4 40% 0 10
film 4 4 0 0% 0 4
fleetnumber 1 1 0 0% 0 1
form 8 4 4 50% 2 6
form factor 2 2 0 0% 0 2
format 15 8 7 46.7% 0 15
former association 4 3 1 25% 0 4
former country 50 29 21 42% 4 46
former function 69 37 32 46.4% 0 69
former religion 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fraternity 38 30 8 21.1% 1 37
freight 1 1 0 0% 0 1
French name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fruit 2 1 1 50% 0 2
function 1163 577 586 50.4% 18 1145
functional axes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
gender 85 76 9 10.6% 2 83
generation 4 2 2 50% 0 4
generator program 1 1 0 0% 0 1
genre 266 158 108 40.6% 6 260
genre of photography 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
genus 10 3 7 70% 0 10
geochronology 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
German name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
grade 5 5 0 0% 0 5
grave occupant 1 1 0 0% 0 1
grower 2 1 1 50% 0 2
hair color 17 14 3 17.6% 1 16
height 25 21 4 16% 0 25
height in meters 1 1 0 0% 0 1
high school 4 1 3 75% 0 4
highway 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historic territory 12 11 1 8.3% 0 12
historical land 5 1 4 80% 1 4
historical period 6 3 3 50% 2 4
historical region 11 7 4 36.4% 0 11
historical state 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historical theme 1 1 0 0% 0 1
host country 5 4 1 20% 0 5
hour 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ICAO-Code 0 0 0 0% 0 0
iconography 3 3 0 0% 0 3
idea 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ideology 2 1 1 50% 0 2
image source 1 1 0 0% 0 1
IMO number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
industry 110 48 62 56.4% 1 109
institution 9 3 6 66.7% 0 9
instrument 82 49 33 40.2% 0 82
interest 5 1 4 80% 4 1
interpreter 2 1 1 50% 0 2
island 37 22 15 40.5% 0 37
issue 42 0 42 100% 38 4
Italian name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
key 2 1 1 50% 0 2
label 2 1 1 50% 0 2
lake 11 9 2 18.2% 1 10
land survey office 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Landeskirche 1 1 0 0% 0 1
language 345 177 168 48.7% 8 337
language family 2 1 1 50% 0 2
the language of legend 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Latin name 21 20 1 4.8% 0 21
launcher and target 2 2 0 0% 0 2
league 45 2 43 95.6% 2 43
lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lexical category 1 1 0 0% 0 1
librettist 2 1 1 50% 0 2
licence 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
license number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ligand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
line 337 183 154 45.7% 9 328
livery 375 183 192 51.2% 2 373
local government area 6 0 6 100% 2 4
localisation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
locality 53 22 31 58.5% 6 47
location 6522 1248 5274 80.9% 169 6353
location painted 5 5 0 0% 0 5
London Travelcard zone 1 1 0 0% 0 1
main ingredient 14 4 10 71.4% 2 12
maker 5 1 4 80% 2 3
maker brand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
management 3 3 0 0% 0 3
manner of death 1 1 0 0% 0 1
manufacturer 194 137 57 29.4% 12 182
material 1023 1006 17 1.7% 10 1013
media type 10 7 3 30% 0 10
medium 232 212 20 8.6% 8 224
metal 7 5 2 28.6% 2 5
medallists 12 12 0 0% 0 12
method 3 0 3 100% 1 2
military conflict 6 5 1 16.7% 1 5
millennium 68 68 0 0% 0 68
mine 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mission country 2 1 1 50% 0 2
mode 6 4 2 33.3% 1 5
model 54 31 23 42.6% 8 46
model number 5 4 1 20% 0 5
model year 71 70 1 1.4% 1 70
modern name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
modern territory 2 2 0 0% 0 2
month 5275 1536 3739 70.9% 18 5257
motif 7 2 5 71.4% 0 7
motive power 27 19 8 29.6% 1 26
mountain range 18 15 3 16.7% 0 18
movement 4 3 1 25% 0 4
municipality 1734 1257 477 27.5% 16 1718
museum 706 454 252 35.7% 37 669
music school 2 1 1 50% 0 2
music venue 1 1 0 0% 0 1
musician 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
name 1403 780 623 44.4% 19 1384
national team 24 21 3 12.5% 1 23
nationality 44 21 23 52.3% 22 22
navy 1 1 0 0% 0 1
neighborhood 9 5 4 44.4% 0 9
neighborhood or section 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number 102 38 64 62.7% 8 94
number of buttons 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of crescents 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of engines 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of fields 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of funnels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of masts 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of points 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of rays 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of sides 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of stars 3 3 0 0% 0 3
number of stripes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of wheels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
numeral system 2 1 1 50% 1 1
object 16 6 10 62.5% 2 14
oblast 3 0 3 100% 3 0
occupant 4 3 1 25% 1 3
occupation 819 619 200 24.4% 64 755
ocean 28 21 7 25% 0 28
ocean and other basins 1 1 0 0% 0 1
OEM supplier 2 1 1 50% 0 2
office 21 17 4 19% 0 21
operating cycle 2 2 0 0% 0 2
operating system 4 3 1 25% 0 4
operator 745 576 169 22.7% 19 726
order 206 24 182 88.3% 1 205
order of Fresnel lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
organization 21 9 12 57.1% 2 19
orientation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
origin 19 11 8 42.1% 1 18
owner 5 2 3 60% 2 3
page number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
painter 175 120 55 31.4% 4 171
paper type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent alcohol 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent oxoacid 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parish 19 5 14 73.7% 1 18
participant or team 2 2 0 0% 0 2
participants 34 4 30 88.2% 0 34
particle size 1 1 0 0% 0 1
party 52 31 21 40.4% 4 48
patron 1 1 0 0% 0 1
patron saint 436 361 75 17.2% 2 434
pattern 9 8 1 11.1% 0 9
performer 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
period 1031 883 148 14.4% 24 1007
period and style 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
periodic table group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
periodic table row 1 1 0 0% 0 1
photographer 42 34 8 19% 2 40
place 39 12 27 69.2% 5 34
place name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
place of creation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
place of display 1 0 1 100% 1 0
place of production 1 1 0 0% 0 1
planting year 1 1 0 0% 0 1
platform 1 1 0 0% 0 1
point of view 14 10 4 28.6% 2 12
political office 21 16 5 23.8% 0 21
political orientation 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
political party 5 1 4 80% 0 5
port 27 18 9 33.3% 0 27
portraitist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
position 148 139 9 6.1% 1 147
position of motifs 1 1 0 0% 0 1
postcode 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
posture 66 61 5 7.6% 0 66
power 1 1 0 0% 0 1
prefecture 251 228 23 9.2% 2 249
preparation method 14 3 11 78.6% 0 14
previous owner 1 1 0 0% 0 1
printing type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
producer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
product 25 11 14 56% 4 21
production area 46 38 8 17.4% 2 44
production culture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
profession 4 2 2 50% 2 2
projection 1 1 0 0% 0 1
projection property 2 1 1 50% 0 2
projection surface 2 2 0 0% 0 2
provenance 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
province 903 407 496 54.9% 39 864
province-level division 2 1 1 50% 0 2
province or territory 345 253 92 26.7% 3 342
publisher 9 6 3 33.3% 0 9
purpose 4 2 2 50% 0 4
railway 6 3 3 50% 1 5
range 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rank 16 7 9 56.3% 0 16
rank and suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
record label 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
region 2312 1749 563 24.4% 60 2252
registration 25 7 18 72% 1 24
registration country 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
registration number 16 14 2 12.5% 0 16
religion 293 158 135 46.1% 39 254
religious affiliation 4 1 3 75% 0 4
religious denomination 17 10 7 41.2% 7 10
religious order 16 6 10 62.5% 1 15
representation type 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
represented subject 2 1 1 50% 0 2
resolution 1 0 1 100% 0 1
revolution 2 2 0 0% 0 2
Richter magnitude 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rig 1 1 0 0% 0 1
river 122 117 5 4.1% 2 120
role 15 3 12 80% 1 14
room 13 6 7 53.8% 1 12
rotor configuration 1 1 0 0% 0 1
route 170 5 165 97.1% 1 169
ruler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
satellite or instrument 1 1 0 0% 0 1
scale 7 3 4 57.1% 0 7
school 11 6 5 45.5% 3 8
script 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
sculptor 12 8 4 33.3% 0 12
sculpture 2 1 1 50% 1 1
sea 28 18 10 35.7% 2 26
season 60 18 42 70% 1 59
section 10 2 8 80% 2 8
sector 5 2 3 60% 0 5
serial number 19 3 16 84.2% 2 17
series 19 6 13 68.4% 1 18
service 13 8 5 38.5% 0 13
session 2 0 2 100% 1 1
set 2 1 1 50% 0 2
setting 58 29 29 50% 3 55
sex 4 4 0 0% 0 4
sexuality 2 2 0 0% 0 2
shape 235 79 156 66.4% 8 227
shape of the shield 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ship name 6 6 0 0% 0 6
ship type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
shipping company 4 4 0 0% 0 4
shipyard 3 1 2 66.7% 2 1
shown topic 1 0 1 100% 1 0
situation 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
size 30 2 28 93.3% 1 29
socket 2 2 0 0% 0 2
software 8 5 3 37.5% 1 7
software used 9 7 2 22.2% 0 9
song 2 1 1 50% 0 2
source 60 35 25 41.7% 1 59
space group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Spanish name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
spans of time 1 1 0 0% 0 1
speaker 1 1 0 0% 0 1
special criterion 2 2 0 0% 0 2
species 69 16 53 76.8% 4 65
spectral type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
sport 243 178 65 26.7% 5 238
state 2190 750 1440 65.8% 49 2141
state and territory 4 1 3 75% 0 4
state or territory 7934 414 7520 94.8% 26 7908
station 19 3 16 84.2% 1 18
status 38 25 13 34.2% 0 38
stock exchange 1 1 0 0% 0 1
strain 1 1 0 0% 0 1
street 30 2 28 93.3% 5 25
strength 1 1 0 0% 0 1
structure 1 0 1 100% 1 0
style 782 515 267 34.1% 14 768
style of dressing 2 1 1 50% 0 2
subdivision 14 11 3 21.4% 2 12
subfamily 1 1 0 0% 0 1
subject 991 614 377 38% 24 967
subject area 2 2 0 0% 0 2
suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
surface 8 7 1 12.5% 0 8
surname 1 0 1 100% 0 1
system 2 2 0 0% 0 2
target 3 3 0 0% 0 3
target organ system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
taxon 179 14 165 92.2% 1 178
teaching style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
team 55 28 27 49.1% 4 51
technical criteria 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technology 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technique 42 30 12 28.6% 9 33
television series 1 1 0 0% 0 1
territory 81 69 12 14.8% 6 75
text 1 1 0 0% 0 1
theme 118 61 57 48.3% 6 112
time 43 35 8 18.6% 2 41
tincture 40 36 4 10% 0 40
title 30 4 26 86.7% 5 25
topic 1439 1132 307 21.3% 90 1349
town 25 5 20 80% 4 21
traction 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
trade 2 1 1 50% 0 2
tradition 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
train operating company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
transported substance 1 1 0 0% 0 1
TS number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type 1932 1183 749 38.8% 45 1887
type of animal 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of door 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of energy 47 6 41 87.2% 0 47
type of file 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of image 4 3 1 25% 0 4
type of power 2 2 0 0% 0 2
type of structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of use 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
type of valvegear 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of valves 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of view 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of wing 1 1 0 0% 0 1
typeface 1 1 0 0% 0 1
UIC classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
university 8 3 5 62.5% 2 6
university or college 7 2 5 71.4% 3 4
usage 10 7 3 30% 0 10
use 39 36 3 7.7% 0 39
user 227 18 209 92.1% 2 225
variant 2 1 1 50% 0 2
vehicle 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
vendor 1 0 1 100% 1 0
venue 5 4 1 20% 0 5
vessel 1 0 1 100% 0 1
video camera 1 1 0 0% 0 1
video game 1 0 1 100% 1 0
view 5 3 2 40% 0 5
view of subject 19 14 5 26.3% 0 19
vocalist 2 1 1 50% 0 2
voivodeship 165 79 86 52.1% 3 162
Volcanic Explosivity Index 1 1 0 0% 0 1
war 67 31 36 53.7% 1 66
weather 2 2 0 0% 0 2
wholesaler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Whyte classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
writer 13 11 2 15.4% 2 11
writing system 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
year 7269 5636 1633 22.5% 93 7176
year of closure 4 2 2 50% 2 2
year of completion 510 461 49 9.6% 1 509
year of destruction 55 50 5 9.1% 2 53
year of disestablishment 6 6 0 0% 0 6
year of establishment 30 23 7 23.3% 2 28
year of photographing 153 149 4 2.6% 1 152
year of registration 3 3 0 0% 0 3
zoo 8 2 6 75% 3 5
zoo name 403 16 387 96% 1 402
zootomy 1 1 0 0% 0 1

Non-standard[edit]

Topics are included here, in parentheses.

  • (categories) by city in <country>
  • (association football players|ice hockey players) by team in <country>
  • (alumni|faculty|people) by university or college in <country>

See also[edit]