Commons:List of meta category criteria

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This is a list of almost all the criteria by which meta categories are sorted by (the "XXX" in "by YYY"). There's some categories that have unique "by YYY"s that may or may not be true meta-cats or can be renamed to a standardized form. These are being reviewed.

Inclusion rules[edit]

  1. Category titles must end with these words and must be preceded by "by YYY".
  2. Categories must be true meta-categories and not simply contain "by XXX" (e.g. Compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart or North by Northwest (1959 film) are obviously excluded).
  3. Only the last one – "by YYY" – in a title counts. For example, only the "by country" in People by occupation by country counts, as "People by occupation" is treated as the subject. This does not apply to "by XXX and YYY" or "by XXX or YYY".
  4. "By XXX" which are solely used in maintenance category names are excluded (e.g. Commons templates by namespace)
  5. "By XXX" which are solely used for category redirects are excluded.
  6. Everything is case-sensitive. (Paint by NumberPaint by number)

The list[edit]

Criteria # of categories # of tagged categories # of non-tagged categories  % of non-tagged categories # of category redirects # of non-redirect
activity 41 20 21 51.2% 3 38
administrative region 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
affiliation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
age 51 36 15 29.4% 5 46
airline 913 448 465 50.9% 13 900
alphabet 15 4 11 73.3% 9 6
ancient territory 2 1 1 50% 0 2
angle between observer and subject's face 10 6 4 40% 3 7
animal 10 5 5 50% 0 10
anion 2 2 0 0% 0 2
application 1 1 0 0% 0 1
architect 33 19 14 42.4% 0 33
architectural style 278 174 104 37.4% 7 271
architecture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
area 14 5 9 64.3% 3 11
area of responsibility 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arranger 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arrondissement 35 2 33 94.3% 1 34
artist 178 29 149 83.7% 6 172
artistic style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
aspect ratio 5 4 1 20% 0 5
association 215 92 123 57.2% 2 213
astronomical object 1 1 0 0% 0 1
atomic number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
author 69 24 45 65.2% 5 64
autonomous community 126 81 45 35.7% 1 125
avocation 2 1 1 50% 0 2
basin 2 1 1 50% 0 2
bearer type 2 2 0 0% 0 2
behavior 4 2 2 50% 0 4
blazon 1 1 0 0% 0 1
body of water 4 4 0 0% 0 4
body style 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
book 5 1 4 80% 1 4
borough 124 63 61 49.2% 6 118
boroughs 0 0 0 0% 0 0
branch 5 2 3 60% 0 5
brand 603 147 456 75.6% 10 593
breed 4 3 1 25% 0 4
brickwork bond 2 2 0 0% 0 2
builder 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
building function 9 8 1 11.1% 0 9
building material 5 5 0 0% 0 5
building type 2 1 1 50% 0 2
Bundesland (federal state) 1 1 0 0% 0 1
bus 2 1 1 50% 0 2
caliber 1 0 1 100% 1 0
calibre 1 1 0 0% 0 1
camera 8 2 6 75% 0 8
camera vehicle 1 1 0 0% 0 1
canton 89 79 10 11.2% 5 84
cartographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
case 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
cause 5 5 0 0% 0 5
census division 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century 3929 3048 881 22.4% 32 3897
century made 4 4 0 0% 0 4
century of foundation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century shown 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
chemical series 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
choreographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
church 12 2 10 83.3% 1 11
church body 5 1 4 80% 0 5
city 14734 4286 10448 70.9% 151 14583
city or region 1 0 1 100% 1 0
city or village 22 8 14 63.6% 1 21
class 38 18 20 52.6% 2 36
clothing color 1 1 0 0% 0 1
club 21 7 14 66.7% 12 9
code name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
collection 32 5 27 84.4% 0 32
color 467 274 193 41.3% 15 452
color of background 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
color of stars 1 1 0 0% 0 1
colour 54 8 46 85.2% 24 30
comarca 29 20 9 31% 1 28
commemoration 77 49 28 36.4% 3 74
common name 4 3 1 25% 1 3
common named groups 10 6 4 40% 0 10
company 46 24 22 47.8% 5 41
competition 12 10 2 16.7% 0 12
completion date 1 1 0 0% 0 1
composer 21 4 17 81% 1 20
composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
compound 2 2 0 0% 0 2
condition 265 170 95 35.8% 2 263
conductor 2 1 1 50% 0 2
conference 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
confession 2 1 1 50% 1 1
configuration 4 1 3 75% 0 4
conflict 24 9 15 62.5% 0 24
console 1 1 0 0% 0 1
constituent element 0 0 0 0% 0 0
construction 6 4 2 33.3% 0 6
construction company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
construction method 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
constructor 1 1 0 0% 0 1
contained chemical element 1 1 0 0% 0 1
content 8 4 4 50% 1 7
continent 6443 6315 128 2% 5 6438
convention 1 1 0 0% 0 1
council area 31 18 13 41.9% 0 31
country 19327 14353 4974 25.7% 354 18973
country of destination 2 2 0 0% 0 2
country of operation 3 3 0 0% 0 3
country of origin 37 23 14 37.8% 2 35
country of residence 1 1 0 0% 0 1
country of service 74 45 29 39.2% 0 74
country or territory 6 6 0 0% 0 6
country subdivision 12 7 5 41.7% 0 12
county 2181 1185 996 45.7% 67 2114
creator 12 8 4 33.3% 0 12
cross-section 6 6 0 0% 0 6
crosshead type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ČSD classes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cultivation type 1 0 1 100% 0 1
culture 34 19 15 44.1% 0 34
current location 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
cylinder layout 4 4 0 0% 0 4
damage type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date 525 315 210 40% 20 505
date of closure 2 2 0 0% 0 2
date of destruction 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of groundbreaking 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of opening 1 1 0 0% 0 1
day 55 37 18 32.7% 0 55
decade 2792 2523 269 9.6% 23 2769
decade of establishment 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
deformation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
deity 6 6 0 0% 0 6
denomination 128 93 35 27.3% 1 127
department 927 815 112 12.1% 19 908
dependency 1 1 0 0% 0 1
descent 4 3 1 25% 1 3
designer 16 12 4 25% 0 16
detail 14 5 9 64.3% 1 13
dimensions 0 0 0 0% 0 0
diocese 39 21 18 46.2% 1 38
director 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
discipline 7 3 4 57.1% 0 7
disease 2 1 1 50% 0 2
district 946 333 613 64.8% 9 937
district or statutory city 9 9 0 0% 0 9
drive-system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
domain 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
Dutch name 0 0 0 0% 0 0
dynasty 15 10 5 33.3% 0 15
educational level 5 4 1 20% 0 5
element 4 4 0 0% 0 4
engine cylinder layout 2 1 1 50% 1 1
engraver 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ENI number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
ensemble 2 1 1 50% 0 2
epoch 5 4 1 20% 1 4
era 49 41 8 16.3% 3 46
establishment 3 3 0 0% 0 3
ethnic group 11 8 3 27.3% 1 10
ethnicity 16 10 6 37.5% 0 16
event 24 9 15 62.5% 2 22
faith 70 59 11 15.7% 7 63
familia 1 1 0 0% 0 1
family 24 12 12 50% 1 23
family role 2 2 0 0% 0 2
federal entity 1 0 1 100% 1 0
field 22 15 7 31.8% 1 21
file format 8 6 2 25% 0 8
film 4 4 0 0% 0 4
fleetnumber 1 0 1 100% 0 1
form 7 4 3 42.9% 1 6
form factor 2 2 0 0% 0 2
format 14 8 6 42.9% 0 14
former association 4 3 1 25% 0 4
former country 47 26 21 44.7% 4 43
former function 64 36 28 43.8% 0 64
former religion 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fraternity 37 29 8 21.6% 1 36
freight 1 1 0 0% 0 1
French name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fruit 2 1 1 50% 0 2
function 976 539 437 44.8% 6 970
functional axes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
gender 76 68 8 10.5% 2 74
generation 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
generator program 1 1 0 0% 0 1
genre 163 97 66 40.5% 4 159
genre of photography 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
genus 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
geochronology 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
German name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
given name 0 0 0 0% 0 0
grade 4 2 2 50% 0 4
grave occupant 1 1 0 0% 0 1
grower 2 1 1 50% 0 2
hair color 17 14 3 17.6% 1 16
height 20 19 1 5% 0 20
height in meters 1 1 0 0% 0 1
high school 4 1 3 75% 0 4
highway 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historic territory 12 11 1 8.3% 0 12
historical land 5 1 4 80% 1 4
historical period 6 3 3 50% 2 4
historical region 11 7 4 36.4% 0 11
historical state 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historical theme 1 1 0 0% 0 1
host country 4 4 0 0% 0 4
hour 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ICAO-Code 7 7 0 0% 0 7
iconography 3 3 0 0% 0 3
idea 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ideology 2 1 1 50% 0 2
image source 1 1 0 0% 0 1
IMO number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
industry 97 44 53 54.6% 1 96
inscription 1 1 0 0% 0 1
institution 7 3 4 57.1% 0 7
instrument 79 47 32 40.5% 0 79
interest 5 1 4 80% 4 1
interpreter 2 1 1 50% 0 2
island 31 18 13 41.9% 0 31
issue 41 0 41 100% 38 3
Italian name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
key 2 1 1 50% 0 2
kind 0 0 0 0% 0 0
label 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lake 10 9 1 10% 1 9
land survey office 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Landeskirche 1 1 0 0% 0 1
language 306 162 144 47.1% 7 299
language family 2 1 1 50% 0 2
the language of legend 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Latin name 21 20 1 4.8% 0 21
launcher and target 2 2 0 0% 0 2
league 44 2 42 95.5% 2 42
lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lexical category 1 1 0 0% 0 1
librettist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
licence 2 1 1 50% 0 2
license number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ligand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
line 290 166 124 42.8% 4 286
livery 345 162 183 53% 3 342
local government area 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
localisation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
locality 48 22 26 54.2% 4 44
location 3503 923 2580 73.7% 47 3456
location painted 4 4 0 0% 0 4
London Borough 0 0 0 0% 0 0
London Travelcard zone 1 1 0 0% 0 1
main ingredient 12 4 8 66.7% 1 11
maker 5 1 4 80% 2 3
maker brand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
management 3 3 0 0% 0 3
manner of death 1 1 0 0% 0 1
manufacturer 177 133 44 24.9% 7 170
material 941 547 394 41.9% 8 933
media type 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
medium 174 158 16 9.2% 7 167
metal 7 5 2 28.6% 0 7
method 2 0 2 100% 1 1
military conflict 6 5 1 16.7% 1 5
millennium 63 20 43 68.3% 0 63
mine 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mission country 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mode 4 4 0 0% 0 4
model 50 28 22 44% 7 43
model number 5 4 1 20% 0 5
modern name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
modern territory 2 2 0 0% 0 2
month 3469 1102 2367 68.2% 13 3456
motif 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
motive power 26 19 7 26.9% 0 26
mountain range 13 11 2 15.4% 0 13
movement 4 3 1 25% 0 4
municipality 1518 1110 408 26.9% 6 1512
museum 602 377 225 37.4% 36 566
music school 2 1 1 50% 0 2
music venue 1 1 0 0% 0 1
name 1136 528 608 53.5% 16 1120
national team 21 18 3 14.3% 1 20
navy 1 1 0 0% 0 1
neighborhood 7 5 2 28.6% 0 7
neighborhood or section 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number 78 26 52 66.7% 8 70
number of buttons 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of crescents 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of engines 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of fields 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of funnels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of masts 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of points 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of rays 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of sides 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of stars 3 3 0 0% 0 3
number of stripes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of wheels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
numeral system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
object 10 5 5 50% 1 9
oblast 4 0 4 100% 4 0
occupant 4 3 1 25% 1 3
occupation 725 525 200 27.6% 58 667
ocean 27 16 11 40.7% 0 27
ocean and other basins 1 1 0 0% 0 1
OEM supplier 2 1 1 50% 0 2
office 21 17 4 19% 0 21
operating cycle 2 2 0 0% 0 2
operating system 3 3 0 0% 0 3
operator 661 539 122 18.5% 11 650
order 151 19 132 87.4% 1 150
order of Fresnel lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
organization 18 8 10 55.6% 1 17
orientation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
origin 17 10 7 41.2% 1 16
owner 5 2 3 60% 1 4
page number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
painter 125 32 93 74.4% 3 122
paper type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent alcohol 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent oxoacid 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parish 9 4 5 55.6% 1 8
participant or team 2 2 0 0% 0 2
participants 34 2 32 94.1% 0 34
particle size 1 1 0 0% 0 1
party 48 30 18 37.5% 3 45
patron 1 1 0 0% 0 1
patron saint 429 347 82 19.1% 2 427
pattern 7 7 0 0% 0 7
performer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
period 962 791 171 17.8% 15 947
period and style 8 7 1 12.5% 0 8
periodic table group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
periodic table row 1 1 0 0% 0 1
photographer 35 28 7 20% 1 34
place 35 11 24 68.6% 2 33
place built 0 0 0 0% 0 0
place name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
place of creation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
place of display 1 0 1 100% 1 0
place of production 1 1 0 0% 0 1
planting year 1 1 0 0% 0 1
platform 1 1 0 0% 0 1
point of view 14 10 4 28.6% 2 12
political office 20 15 5 25% 0 20
political orientation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
political party 4 1 3 75% 0 4
port 15 3 12 80% 0 15
portraitist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
position 144 136 8 5.6% 1 143
position of motifs 1 1 0 0% 0 1
postcode 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
posture 61 37 24 39.3% 0 61
power 1 1 0 0% 0 1
prefecture 173 134 39 22.5% 1 172
preparation method 14 3 11 78.6% 0 14
previous owner 1 1 0 0% 0 1
printing type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
producer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
product 22 11 11 50% 1 21
production area 30 14 16 53.3% 2 28
production culture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
profession 4 1 3 75% 2 2
projection 1 1 0 0% 0 1
projection property 2 1 1 50% 0 2
projection surface 2 2 0 0% 0 2
provenance 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
province 803 364 439 54.7% 27 776
province-level division 2 1 1 50% 0 2
province or territory 326 250 76 23.3% 3 323
publisher 8 6 2 25% 0 8
purpose 4 2 2 50% 0 4
railway 6 3 3 50% 1 5
range 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rank 14 7 7 50% 0 14
rank and suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
record label 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
region 2155 1530 625 29% 52 2103
region or department 0 0 0 0% 0 0
regional county municipality 0 0 0 0% 0 0
registration 24 7 17 70.8% 1 23
registration country 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
registration number 17 15 2 11.8% 0 17
religion 275 143 132 48% 38 237
religious affiliation 4 1 3 75% 0 4
religious building 0 0 0 0% 0 0
religious denomination 17 1 16 94.1% 7 10
religious order 13 5 8 61.5% 2 11
representation type 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
represented subject 2 1 1 50% 0 2
resolution 1 1 0 0% 0 1
revolution 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Richter magnitude 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rig 1 1 0 0% 0 1
river 115 80 35 30.4% 3 112
role 6 3 3 50% 1 5
room 12 6 6 50% 1 11
rotor configuration 1 1 0 0% 0 1
route 167 5 162 97% 1 166
ruler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
satellite or instrument 1 1 0 0% 0 1
scale 7 2 5 71.4% 0 7
school 11 6 5 45.5% 3 8
script 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
sculptor 9 6 3 33.3% 0 9
sculpture 2 1 1 50% 1 1
sea 27 18 9 33.3% 2 25
season 43 17 26 60.5% 1 42
section 10 2 8 80% 2 8
sector 4 2 2 50% 0 4
serial number 12 3 9 75% 1 11
series 18 6 12 66.7% 1 17
service 10 8 2 20% 0 10
session 1 0 1 100% 1 0
set 1 1 0 0% 0 1
setting 49 24 25 51% 3 46
sex 4 4 0 0% 0 4
sexuality 2 2 0 0% 0 2
shape 216 72 144 66.7% 8 208
shape of the shield 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ship name 6 6 0 0% 0 6
ship type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
shipping company 3 3 0 0% 0 3
shipyard 3 1 2 66.7% 2 1
shown topic 1 0 1 100% 1 0
situation 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
size 28 2 26 92.9% 0 28
size or form 0 0 0 0% 0 0
Socket 1 1 0 0% 0 1
software 8 5 3 37.5% 1 7
software used 9 3 6 66.7% 0 9
song 2 1 1 50% 0 2
source 54 29 25 46.3% 1 53
space group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Spanish name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
spans of time 1 1 0 0% 0 1
speaker 1 1 0 0% 0 1
special criterion 2 1 1 50% 0 2
species 60 14 46 76.7% 4 56
spectral type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
sport 193 136 57 29.5% 4 189
standard 0 0 0 0% 0 0
state 1577 674 903 57.3% 37 1540
state and territory 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
state or territory 7876 403 7473 94.9% 6 7870
station 14 3 11 78.6% 0 14
status 30 23 7 23.3% 0 30
stock exchange 1 1 0 0% 0 1
strain 1 1 0 0% 0 1
street 19 1 18 94.7% 1 18
strength 1 1 0 0% 0 1
structure 2 0 2 100% 1 1
style 724 392 332 45.9% 10 714
style of dressing 2 1 1 50% 0 2
subdivision 13 11 2 15.4% 1 12
subfamily 1 1 0 0% 0 1
subject 863 466 397 46% 22 841
subject area 2 1 1 50% 0 2
suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
surface 8 7 1 12.5% 0 8
surname 0 0 0 0% 0 0
system 2 2 0 0% 0 2
target 3 3 0 0% 0 3
target organ system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
taxon 115 11 104 90.4% 1 114
teaching style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
team 49 27 22 44.9% 4 45
technical criteria 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technology 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technique 26 15 11 42.3% 0 26
television series 1 1 0 0% 0 1
territory 78 71 7 9% 1 77
text 1 1 0 0% 0 1
theme 114 57 57 50% 5 109
time 33 24 9 27.3% 2 31
tincture 38 33 5 13.2% 0 38
title 12 4 8 66.7% 2 10
topic 1501 1202 299 19.9% 82 1419
town 24 4 20 83.3% 4 20
traction 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
trade 2 1 1 50% 0 2
tradition 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
train operating company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
transported substance 1 1 0 0% 0 1
TS number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type 1701 973 728 42.8% 36 1665
type of animal 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of door 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of energy 44 4 40 90.9% 0 44
type of file 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of illness 0 0 0 0% 0 0
type of image 3 3 0 0% 0 3
type of power 2 2 0 0% 0 2
type of structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of use 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type of valvegear 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of valves 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of view 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of wing 1 1 0 0% 0 1
typeface 1 1 0 0% 0 1
UIC classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
university 5 2 3 60% 2 3
university or college 7 2 5 71.4% 3 4
usage 10 6 4 40% 0 10
use 39 36 3 7.7% 0 39
user 203 3 200 98.5% 2 201
variant 2 1 1 50% 0 2
vehicle 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
vendor 1 0 1 100% 1 0
venue 4 4 0 0% 0 4
vessel 1 0 1 100% 0 1
video camera 1 1 0 0% 0 1
video game 1 0 1 100% 1 0
view 5 3 2 40% 0 5
view of subject 19 9 10 52.6% 0 19
vocalist 2 1 1 50% 0 2
voivodeship 162 79 83 51.2% 3 159
Volcanic Explosivity Index 1 1 0 0% 0 1
war 60 30 30 50% 1 59
weather 2 2 0 0% 0 2
wholesaler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Whyte classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
writing system 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
year 5508 3441 2067 37.5% 62 5446
year of closure 4 3 1 25% 1 3
year of completion 455 390 65 14.3% 1 454
year of destruction 47 42 5 10.6% 2 45
year of disestablishment 5 4 1 20% 0 5
year of establishment 29 23 6 20.7% 1 28
year of photographing 119 118 1 0.8% 0 119
year of registration 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
zoo 9 3 6 66.7% 2 7
zoo name 389 11 378 97.2% 0 389
zootomy 1 1 0 0% 0 1

Non-standard[edit]

Topics are included here, in parentheses.

  • (categories) by city in <country>
  • (association football players|ice hockey players) by team in <country>
  • (alumni|faculty|people) by university or college in <country>

See also[edit]