Commons:Política de bloqueio

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Os administradores têm privilégios para bloquear outros utilizadores, se for necessário. Um utilizador bloqueado é impedido de editar e colocar ficheiros, entre outras coisas. Em geral, o bloqueio é o último recurso para impedir comportamentos que possam prejudicar a Commons ou a sua atmosfera. Assim, o bloqueio é uma medida preventiva e não punitiva; bloqueios para os utilizadores «se acalmarem» são indesejáveis.


Os bloqueios podem ser feitos por várias razões. As mais comuns são:

  • Vandalismo. Comportamentos disruptivos na edição de páginas ou na colocação de ficheiros, podem resultar num bloqueio. Por exemplo:
    • A inserção de vulgaridades gratuitas
    • A inserção deliberada de informação falsa (por exemplo, de fontes falseadas para imagens)
  • Guerras de edições.
  • Violações de direitos de autor. A colocação repetida de conteúdos indevidamente licenciados é motivo para o bloqueio de uma conta. Antes e depois de bloquear um utilizador devido a problemas de licenciamento, devem ser-lhe dadas explicações e avisos claros sobre as normas de licenciamento da Commons.
  • Assédio. As contas, ou endereços IP, que forem usadas sobretudo para criar um ambiente hostil para outro utilizador, podem ser bloqueadas. Disputas francas e de boa-fé entre utilizadores devem ser levadas à Commons:Esplanada, para recolher a opinião de terceiros. Monitorizar as colaborações de um utilizador para verificar violações das normas da Commons, não constitui assédio.
  • Contas robô não autorizadas ou sem responsável. As contas robô que não tenham sido autorizadas pela comunidade da Commons não podem operar na Wikimedia Commons. Actividades de edição aparentemente realizadas por robôs, que não sejam satisfatoriamente explicadas pelo utilizador, devem ser bloqueadas até que tenham sido discutidas. As propostas para criação de robôs podem ser debatidas em Special:MyLanguage/Commons:Bots ou na Commons:Esplanada. Não é permitido operar robôs na Commons sem autorização prévia (que pode ser solicitada em Commons:Bots/Requests).
  • Contas robô aprovadas, com funcionamento incorrecto temporário. Estes bloqueios destinam-se a evitar mais estragos até que o proprietário possa corrigir o problema.
  • Nomes de utilizador inadequados.
  • Contornar bloqueios. Um administrador pode reiniciar um bloqueio activo se o utilizador bloqueado tentar contornar esse bloqueio. Também pode aumentar a duração de um bloqueio activo se o utilizador tiver mais comportamentos susceptíveis de bloqueio enquanto contorna o bloqueio activo. As contas de utilizador, ou endereços IP, usadas para contornar um bloqueio podem e devem ser bloqueadas.
  • Abusing multiple accounts to mislead, deceive, disrupt, distort consensus or to evade blocks or other sanctions. Secondary accounts are typically blocked indefinitely. The primary account may or may not be subject to new or extended blocks depending on the circumstances.
  • Open or anonymizing proxies are typically blocked upon detection in accordance with Wikimedia-wide policy. The normal duration of such blocks is one year.

Instruções para administradores

Antes de bloquear

  • For blocks based on disruptive behaviour, such as vandalism, repeated copyright violations and manual promotional activities, ensure that the user has been appropriately warned, preferably using a block warning template. No warning is necessary when blocking open proxies and users with inappropriate usernames. Accounts and IP addresses used solely for severely disruptive purposes such as automated spamming, serious vandalism or harassment may also be blocked without prior warning.
  • Controversial blocks may be discussed at the blocks and protections noticeboard, preferably before they are applied if at all possible. As a rule of thumb, when in doubt, do not block.
  • Range blocks are especially powerful tools, and discussion of these is particularly encouraged. Range blocks with a duration longer than 24 hours should be discussed with a checkuser to assess the likely impact.

When blocking

  • Blocks can be applied to registered users, IP addresses or address ranges.
  • As blocks are preventative rather than punitive, use a block duration that is proportional to the time likely needed for the user to familiarize themselves with relevant policies and adjust their behaviour. Also consider the user's past behaviour and the severity of the disruption. When blocking IP addresses, keep in mind that innocent third parties sharing the same addresses may be affected.
  • Provide a reason for the block. The rationale should preferably use links to relevant policies to help the blocked user understand why they have been blocked. Where appropriate, diffs or permanent links documenting the reason for the block are also helpful.
  • Account creation should be prevented in most cases, but may be allowed when blocking an inappropriate user name to allow creation of a different name.
  • Autoblocking of IP addresses used by the blocked user should typically be disabled when blocking bots and enabled in most other cases.
  • Only prevent the blocked user from using their talk page or sending e-mail if they are likely to abuse these privileges.

Depois de bloquear

  • Notify the blocked user, preferably using a user block template.
  • Watch the blocked user's user talk page and ensure that requests for unblock are attended to.
  • Blocks based on disruptive behaviour should be lifted if there is reason to believe that the disruptive behaviour will not resume.
  • Controversial blocks may also be discussed at the blocks and protections noticeboard after they have been applied. To avoid wheel warring, they should only be lifted by another administrator if there is consensus to do so, even if there is no clear consensus in favor of the original block.

Oversight blocks and bans

There may exceptionally be a need to block or ban an editor on the basis of oversighted information that cannot be shared publicly. In such a case, the available oversighters may jointly act on the basis of group consensus. If there are insufficient oversighters available or if additional input is required they may consult the Wikimedia stewards.

Except in an emergency, non-oversight administrators should not block on the basis of information known to them that has since been oversighted. An administrator believing that such a block is required should contact one of the oversighters privately or email

Any block or ban made under this section should be reported by the oversighters to the community at the earliest opportunity, with as much background material as can reasonably be provided.

An editor who is blocked or banned under this section may not be unblocked without the approval of the oversighters. An editor who wishes to have their oversight block or ban reviewed should approach the oversighters privately, who will consider the request as a group. Public ‘appeals’ on the talk page of the blocked editor should not be used, and any that are posted may be removed.

Appealing a block

Blocked users are informed that they may request unblocking. They may do this by adding {{unblock|reason for the request}} to their own user talk page. Alternatively, they may request unblocking with an appropriate reason via e-mail to the blocking administrator or another administrator.

An appropriate reason will almost always include one of the following:

  • An acknowledgement that the block was appropriate and a credible promise that the behaviour that led to the block will not be repeated
  • An explanation of why the block is not appropriate based on this and other relevant policies and guidelines or is likely to be a mistake or an unintended side effect

An unblock request may be granted or declined. Before granting a request to lift a block placed by another administrator, the reviewing administrator should consult with the blocking administrator, except in obvious, uncontroversial cases. Requests made on user talk pages may only be declined by an uninvolved administrator. Unblock requests for blocks marked with {{checkuserblock}} will be reviewed by a checkuser.

Making repeated unblocking requests without appropriate reasons may be considered abusive. As noted above, users who have abused or are likely to abuse the ability to edit their own user talk page and/or send e-mail in this or any other way may have either or both of these privileges revoked, which also prevents these privileges from being used for unblocking requests.

Ver também