Commons:Rinominare file

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Commons file move icon

La funzione di rinomina dei file, che consente di rinominare (o "spostare") i file, funziona fondamentalmente come il "normale" spostamento delle pagine. La funzione è diponibile ai soli amministratori e file mover (per diventare un file mover occorre fare una richiesta in Commons:Requests for rights).

Quali file dovrebbero essere rinominati?

Whether a filename is perceived to be suitable often depends on the familiarity of the individual with the subject, which is often the place depicted. It also occurs that items are known under different terms to different contributors or they believe entities are primarily well-known under the term they are used with to describe this entity, neglecting cultural differences, even within countries. Not of less importance is the purpose the filename is believed to have; contributors frequently categorizing files have different demands from those who create, process, manage and upload them. Uploaders often have schemas naming their files; moving files might break them. If possible, language and schema should be preserved, as well as the camera or catalogue number.

Attualmente ci sono sei casistiche non in discussione di motivi per la rinomina di un file:

# Motivo Esempi (nome vecchio) Esempi (nome nuovo)
1. richiesta da parte di chi ha caricato il file[1]
2. Per passare da un nome senza senso o ambiguo ad un nome che descrive ciò che l'immagine rappresenta[2] File:DSC 1342.jpg (no information at all) File:Pretoria Venningpark DSC 1342.jpg
File:20110428 OH K1023900 0014.JPG - Flickr - NZ Defence Force.jpg (only photographer or rights holder) File:Helicopter A109LUH(NZ) by NZ Defence Force.jpg
File:20120519 3349.CR2.png (only date) File:Sebkha-Chott 3349.png
File:Paris 319.jpg (only broad location) File:Paris 75018 Rue Norvins no 018 Le Consulat z.jpg
File:Smartphone.jpg (generic category) File:Samsung Galaxy Note series (Original, II, and 3).jpg
File:RAS.jpg (acronym or initials) File:Rodrigo Arias Sánchez.jpg
File:Flickr - law keven - Anybody know a Good Dentist^......Happy Furry Friday Everybody...-O))).jpg (no relation to file content) File:Lion-tailed Macaque, Colchester Zoo, England.jpg
File:Louvre 12.jpg (inappropriate for specific content) File:Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci.jpg
3. To correct obvious errors in filenames, including misspelled proper nouns, incorrect dates, and misidentified objects or organisms.[3] File:Ayres Rock 3.png
File:Van Gogh portrait 1787.jpg
File:Unknown insect 02.jpg
File:Ayers Rock 3.png
File:Van Gogh portrait 1887.jpg
File:Hogna radiata 02.jpg
4. To harmonize the names of a set of images so that only one part of all names differs.[4] File:Bhf-BS-Icon.svg
File:Icon HST bs 1.svg
File:Dst symbol.svg
File:BSicon BHF.svg
File:BSicon HST.svg
File:BSicon DST.svg
5. To change a filename that would be a violation of Commons’ policies and guidelines if it appeared elsewhere on the project as text. This includes gratuitous vulgarity, personal attacks/harassment, blatant advertising, and cases where revision deletion would be authorized.[5] File:Stupid fat idiot.jpg
File:Buy now NEW PAINT! 555-6200.png
File:<Name of the person>.jpg
File:2007 pink Honda Accord.png
6. Non-controversial maintenance and bug fixes, including fixing double extensions, invalid or incorrect extensions, character handling problems, and other similar technical issues.[6] File:Map of Asia.svg.png
File:Computer mouse.jpe
File:Map of Asia.png
File:Computer mouse.jpg
Additional information
Please consider creating file redirects instead, where applicable and possible. They are cheap, usually do not break anything and are easily edited or deleted, if required.
  1. Unless there is a compelling reason not to, uploader requests should be honored. This is a courtesy, not an absolute right, however. If a file mover feels that a proposed new name is disruptive or inappropriate, they can suggest a different name or decline the request.
  2. compreso:
    1. Completamente senza informazioni
      Composed entirely of random letters, numbers, and words like “Flickr”, “original”, and “crop”, which do not describe the subject of the image, but may indicate its upload history
    2. Only information is the photographer or rights holder
      The only piece of meaningful information is the name of the photographer or the holder of the copyright
    3. L'unica informazione è la data
      Only piece of meaningful information is the date that the photograph was taken on
    4. Only information is the location (broad)
      The only piece of meaningful information is a broad location, such as a city, province, or country. In this case, the location is so large that an average person would not be able to figure out where the image was taken or what the image depicted, without assistance from someone that knows the area.
    5. Generic category rather than specific item
      The only piece of meaningful information is a word, such as “smartphone” or “screenshot”, which broadly describes the subject of the file, but does not impart any information that would help someone identify the specific object depicted. This is not just restricted to inanimate objects, it also applies to broad titles or groupings, such as “queen” or “bird”.
    6. Acronyms and initials
      The only piece of meaningful information is an acronym or a person’s initials. This differs from “Absolutely no information at all” in that the acronym or initials are related to the subject of the file, even if it takes a second to figure out how.
    7. Names that are not meaningless, but do not describe the file
      Contains a coherent description or message that do not describe the subject of the file. Does not apply in cases where the name of the file is the title given to a work of art by the artist that created it, even if the name has nothing to do with what is depicted (for example, many works of Dadaism)
    8. Images where the information in the filename, while normally acceptable, is inappropriate for the specific content
    Not including: Specific locations, such as a park, an individual building, or an event.
  3. If an object or organism was incorrectly identified in the filename (such as calling a Sylvilagus floridanus by the name “File:Sylvilagus audubonii.jpg”), this criterion covers renaming the image. If the filename includes words like “unidentified” or “unknown” when describing an object or organism, and that object or organism has been identified, this criterion also covers the change. This criterion does not, however, cover moving a file from its common usage name to its scientific or technical name.
  4. Just because images share a category does not mean that they are part of a set. There are two scenarios that this criterion is designed for. First, certain complex templates (such as those that use BSicons or that display football kits) assume that the images used in them will follow a specific naming convention. Wikisource also uses a specific naming convention for the source files they transcribe. Second, files that form parts of a whole (such as scans from the same book or large images that are divided into smaller portions due to Commons’ upload size restriction) should follow the same naming convention so that they appear together, in order, in categories and lists.
  5. Note that Commons’ neutral point of view differs significantly from that of English Wikipedia. A file like “File:Taiwanese Tiaoyutai islands map.png” would be acceptable on Commons, even though it is not neutrally titled (see here). This does not mean that all non-neutrally worded titles are acceptable, however. An image of a person with the name “File:1BIGGest_nOSE_everS33n.JPG” would not enjoy the same protection.
  6. This is not a catch-all for anything that doesn't fit one of the above. This is for specific technical problems, generally which have a Phabricator task and have been the subject of community discussion.
View →the discussion that lead to the selection of these criteria.


Quali file non dovrebbero essere rinominati?

As a matter of principle it's best to leave all files with generally valid names at their locations, even if slightly better names may exist. So for example:

# Criteria to decline Examples (old name) Examples (new name)
1. Files should NOT be renamed only because the new name looks a bit better. File:TowerBridge'09.jpg File:Tower_Bridge_2009.jpg
2. Files should NOT be renamed only because the filename is not English and/or is not correctly capitalized. Remember, Commons is a multilingual project, so there's no reason to favor English over other languages. File:Rathaus_bremen.jpg File:Bremen_town_hall.jpg
3. If a filename in a local project conflicts with a filename at Commons, the file in the local project should be renamed. Renaming it at Commons would mean changing it in 700+ projects instead of just one.
4. Files with copyright issues should NOT be renamed until copyright issues are resolved. There is no reason to rename a file if it is going to be deleted on copyright grounds.

Additional naming conventions and exceptions from the above list might be discussed for specific projects.

Come rinominare un file

Movefile gadget

Solo i amministratori di Commons, i renombradores di archiviazioni e i stewards possono rinominare i file per ora. Se fai parte di uno di questi gruppi e quindi hai il diritto movefile e quindi avere il diritto, basta usare la scheda "Sposta & Sostituisci" come faresti normalmente con una pagina normale.

Se non è possibile rinominare i file, è possibile richiedere uno spostamento inserendo il modello

{{Rename|newname.ext|rationale number|reason=optional text reason}}

sulla pagina di descrizione del file. In alternativa, se si dispone di un account utente su Commons, è possibile selezionare "Sposta & Sostituisci" in alto a destra nella pagina del file e quindi compilare il modulo fornito; questa funzionalità è fornita dal gadget predefinito RenameLink. In entrambi i casi, un editore con diritti di filemoving eseguirà la mossa se è conforme alle linee guida sopra descritte.

Gli editori che rispondono devono seguire le istruzioni sul modello. Nella maggior parte dei casi, un reindirizzamento di file deve essere lasciato sulla pagina originale, tranne se si tratta di un nome fuorviante o promozionale.

Reindirizzamenti

Quando sposti un file usando la scheda sposta, il vecchio titolo diventerà automaticamente una pagina di reindirizzamento al nuovo titolo. Verranno reindirizzati anche gli URL delle anteprime del vecchio nome del file (tuttavia, i collegamenti diretti alla versione a dimensione intera del file non verranno reindirizzati). I reindirizzamenti al file spostato vengono automaticamente aggiornati quando si utilizza "Sposta & Sostituisci" per evitare reindirizzamenti doppi.[1] Se non si utilizza "Sposta & Sostituisci", dovrai aggiornare tutti i reindirizzamenti sul file manualmente.

Esiste un registro di rinomina dei file?

Tutti i file rinominati sono registrati nel registro di spostamenti, che è un log per tutte le mosse in tutti gli spazi dei nomi. Non esiste ancora un filtro per lo spazio dei nomi per "solo file".

File movers attuali

Pagine correlate

Note

  1. MediaWiki:Gadget-AjaxQuickDelete.js