Commons:Stroke Order Project/Sources

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Traditional Chinese[edit]

Authorative work
《常用國字標準字體筆順手冊》, Taipei, 1995, by the Taiwan Ministry of Education. Book available online. ISBN 957-00-7082-X

Simplified Chinese[edit]

Authorative work


Others related works


Until 1976, the Standards for Textbook Authorization (ja:教科用図書検定規準) required school textbooks to follow the Hitsujun shidō no tebiki 筆順指導の手びき, published in 1958 by the Japanese Ministry of Education (now the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, MEXT). After the revision of the standards in 1977, this handbook is no longer been mentioned in the official standard. It now states:

In principal, the stroke orders of kanji should follow commonsensical orders which are widely accepted in the society. When the stroke order of a character in semi-cursive script differs [from that of regular script], appropriate explanation must be added.

—MEXT, Standards for Authorization of the Textbooks of Compulsory Educational Organizations


—MEXT, 義務教育諸学校教科用図書検定基準, 1999, 1.

The Curriculum Guideline (学習指導要領), published by MEXT, also sets standards for elementary and secondary education. The guideline for Japanese language education for first and second grade elementary schools refers to kanji stroke order as

[Schools must teach students] to write correctly and following stroke orders, pay attention to the length of dots and lines and how they touch and cross each other.

—MEXT, Curriculum Guideline for Elementary Schools


—MEXT, 第1節 国語-文部科学省, 1998. 12.

Authorative source (before 1977)
  • 筆順指導の手びき (Hitsujun shidō no tebiki), 1958. (Authoritative from 1958 to 1977)

Useful books[edit]

Useful websites[edit]

  • 漢字の正しい書き順(筆順) — Has hiragana, katakana and an extensive, but unknown number of kanji. (GIF animations)
  • 漢字書き順ガイド — Has 205 stroke order animations for grades 1-6 ordered by the Japanese school system grades. (RealMedia format with a plugin)
  • gahoh EnglishJapanese — Has hiragana, katakana, grades 1-6 and some 192 other "textbook" kanji as well. (Quicktime movies)


For secondary sources[edit]

These should be merged when finish: